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The son of a footman from Brescia who served at the Austrian court, he was born in Vienna and studied music with Johann Georg Reinhardt, imperial court organist, later Kapellmeister of St Stephen's. A gifted pupil, he was then sent to Naples in 1726 where he studied church music under Francesco Durante and opera under Leonardo Leo. He moved back to Vienna in 1736, becoming a court composer there, and working as Kapellmeister to the Prince of Saxe-Hildburghausen in the 1750s and 1760s. He died in Vienna.
Bonno's works are rarely heard today, but he was a prominent figure in Viennese musical life in his day and his works were often performed. He worked with two main librettists: Giovanni Claudio Pasquini and Metastasio. The latter was Bonno's contemporary in Vienna, and the composer wrote the first music for Metastasio's Il natale di Giove (also set by Hasse), Il vero omaggio, Il re pastore (later set by Hasse and Mozart), L'eroe cinese (also set by Hasse), L'isola disabitata (also set by Haydn) and L'Atenaide ovvero Gli affetti più generosi.
- Eleazaro (1739)
- San Paolo in Athene (1740)
- Isacco figura del redentore (1759) – see Isacco figura del redentore for Metastasio's libretto and settings by other composers
- Il Giuseppe riconosciuto (1774) – see Giuseppe riconosciuto for Metastasio's libretto and settings by other composers
- Michael Lorenz gives his first name as "Joseph" because Emperor Joseph I was his godfather; Lorenz also asserts that Bonno was born on 30 January: Haydn Singing at Vivaldi's Exequies: An Ineradicable Myth, 9 June 2014
- Operaglass List of Opera Composers
- Angermüller, Rudolph (1992), 'Bonno, Giuseppe' in The New Grove Dictionary of Opera, ed. Stanley Sadie (London) ISBN 0-333-73432-7
- Karin Breitner: Giuseppe Bonno und sein Oratorienwerk. Vienna 1961, (University of Vienna, phil. Diss. 1961).
- Daniel Heartz: Haydn, Mozart and the Viennese School 1740–1780. Norton, New York 1995, ISBN 0-393-03712-6, pp. 115–120.
- S. Kleindienst: "Marginalien zu Giuseppe Bonnos Requiem". In: Roswitha Vera Karpf (ed.): Musik am Hof Maria Theresias. In memoriam Vera Schwarz. Katzbichler, Munich 1984, ISBN 3-87397-332-4, (Beiträge zur Aufführungspraxis 6), pp. 131–140.
- Raoul Meloncelli: "Un operista italiano alla corte di Vienna: Giuseppe Bonno (1710–1788)". In: Chigiana 29/30, 1975, ISSN 0069-3391, pp. 331–342.
- Erich Schenk (1955), "Bonno, Giuseppe". Neue Deutsche Biographie, 2, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, p. 448
- Alfred Schienerl: Die kirchlichen Kompositionen des Giuseppe Bonno. Vienna 1925, (University of Vienna, phil. Diss. 1925), (partially published in: Studien zur Musikwissenschaft 15, 1928, ISSN 0930-9578, p. 62).
- Egon Wellesz: Giuseppe Bonno (1710–1788). Sein Leben und seine dramatischen Werke. In: Sammelbände der Internationalen Musik-Gesellschaft 11, 1909/1911, ZDB-ID 507183-5, pp. 395–442.