Clonostachys rosea f. rosea

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Clonostachys rosea f. rosea
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Ascomycota
Class: Sordariomycetes
Subclass: Hypocreomycetidae
Order: Hypocreales
Family: Bionectriaceae
Genus: Clonostachys
Species: C. rosea f. rosea
Binomial name
Clonostachys rosea f. rosea
(Link) Schroers, (1999)
Synonyms

Clonostachys araucaria
Clonostachys araucaria var. confusa
Clonostachys rosea
Gliocladium aureum
Gliocladium roseum
Haplotrichum roseum
Penicillium roseum

Clonostachys rosea f. rosea, also known as Gliocladium roseum,[1] is a species of fungus in the family Bionectriaceae. It colonizes living plants as an endophyte, digests material in soil as a saprophyte and is also known as a parasite of other fungi and of nematodes.[2] It produces a wide range of volatile organic compounds which are toxic to organisms including other fungi, bacteria, and insects, and is of interest as a biological pest control agent.

Biological control[edit]

Clonostachys rosea protects plants against Botrytis cinerea ("grey mold") by suppressing spore production.[3] Its hyphae have been found to coil around, penetrate, and grow inside the hyphae and conidia of B. cinerea.[4]

Nematodes are infected by C. rosea when the fungus' conidia attach to their cuticle and germinate, going on to produce germ tubes which penetrate the host's body and kill it.[3]

Biofuels[edit]

Main article: Ascocoryne sarcoides

In 2008 an isolate of Clonostachys rosea (NRRL 50072) was identified as producing a series of volatile compounds that are similar to some existing fuels. However, the taxonomy of this isolate was later revised to Ascocoryne sarcoides.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Schroers; et al. (1999). "Classification of the Mycoparasite Gliocladium roseum in Clonostachys as C. rosea, Its Relationship to Bionectria ochroleuca, and Notes on Other Gliocladium-like Fungi". Mycologia. 81 (2): 365–385. doi:10.2307/3761383. 
  2. ^ Toledo; et al. (2006). "First record of Clonostachys rosea (Ascomycota: Hypocreales) as an entomopathogenic fungus of Oncometopia tucumana and Sonesimia grossa (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae) in Argentina" (pdf). J. Invertebr. Pathol. 92 (1): 7–10. doi:10.1016/j.jip.2005.10.005. 
  3. ^ a b Zhang; et al. (2008). "Investigation on the infection mechanism of the fungus Clonostachys rosea against nematodes using the green fluorescent protein". Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology. 78 (6). doi:10.1007/s00253-008-1392-7. 
  4. ^ Yu & Sutton (1997). "Morphological development and interactions of Gliocladium roseum and Botrytis cinerea in raspberry". Can. J. Plant Pathol. 19 (3): 237–246. doi:10.1080/07060669709500518. 
  5. ^ Griffin; et al. (2010). "Volatile organic compound production by organisms in the genus Ascocoryne and a re-evaluation of myco-diesel production by NRRL 50072". Microbiology. 156: 3814–3829. doi:10.1099/mic.0.041327-0. 

External links[edit]