Sordariomycetes

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Sordariomycetes
Sordaria fimicola perithecium magnified 40x
Sordaria fimicola perithecium magnified 40x
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Ascomycota
(unranked): Sordariomyceta
Class: Sordariomycetes
Subclasses & Orders

Hypocreomycetidae

Coronophorales
Hypocreales
Melanosporales
Microascales

Sordariomycetidae

Boliniales
Calosphaeriales
Chaetosphaeriales
Coniochaetales
Diaporthales
Magnaporthales
Ophiostomatales
Sordariales

Xylariomycetidae

Xylariales

Incertae sedis

Koralionastetales
Lulworthiales
Meliolales
Phyllachorales
Trichosphaeriales

Sordariomycetes is a class of fungi in the subdivision Pezizomycotina (Ascomycota), consisting of 28 orders, 90 families, 1344 genera.[1]

Sordariomycetes generally produce their asci in perithecial fruiting bodies.

Sordariomycetes are also known as Pyrenomycetes, from the Greek πυρἠν - 'the stone of a fruit' - because of the usually somewhat tough texture of their tissue.[2]

Sordariomycetes possess great variability in morphology, growth form, and habitat. Except for having perithecial (flask-shaped) fruiting bodies, ascomata can be less frequently cleistothecial (like in the genera Anixiella, Apodus, Boothiella, Thielavia, Zopfiella),[3][4] fruiting bodies may be solitary or gregarious, superficial, or immersed within stromata or tissues of the substrates and can be light to bright or black. Members of this group can grow in soil, dung, leaf litter, and decaying wood as decomposers, as well as being fungal parasites, and insect, human, and plant pathogens.[5][6][7]

Genera incertae sedis[edit]

These 108 genera within the Sordariomycetes have an uncertain taxonomic placement (incertae sedis), according to the 2007 Outline of Ascomycota. A question mark preceding the genus name means the placement of that genus within this order is uncertain.[8]

AbyssomycesAcerbiellaAcrospermoidesAmeromassariaAmphisphaerellulaAmphisphaerinaAmphorulopsisAmylisAnthostomariaAnthostomellinaAphariaApodothinaApogaeumannomycesAquadulciosporaAquamarinaAropsiclusAscorhizaAscoyunnaniaAssoaAulosporaAzbukiniaBactrosphaeriaBarrinaBiporisporaBombardiastrumBrenesiellaByrsomycesByssotheciellaCaleutypaCalosphaeriopsisCaproniellaChaetoamphisphaeriaCiliofusosporaClypeoceriosporaClypeosphaerulinaCryptoascusCryptomycinaCryptovalsaCucurbitopsisCurvatisporaDasysphaeriaDelpinoëllaDiacrochordonDontuziaDryosphaeraEndoxylinaEsfandiariomycesFrondisphaeraGlabrothecaHeliastrumHyalodermaHydronectriaHypotrachynicolaImmersisphaeriaIraniellaKhuskiaKoneniaKravtzeviaKurssanoviaLecythiumLeptosaccaLeptosphaerellaLeptosporinaLyonellaMangrovisporaMelomastiaMicrocyclephaeriaMirannulataMonosporascusMyrmecridium?Naumovela?NeocryptosporaNeolamyaNeothyridariaOceanitisOphiomassariaOrnatisporaPareutypellaPhomatosporaPhyllocelisPlectosphaerellaPleocryptosporaPleosphaeriaPontogeneiaPorodiscusProtocucurbitariaPulvinariaPumilusRehmiomycellaRhamphosphaeriaRhizophilaRimaconusRhopographellaRhynchosphaeriaRivulicolaRomellinaSaccardoëllaSarcopyreniaSartoryaScharifiaScoliocarponScotiosphaeriaServaziellaSporoctomorphaStearophoraStegophorellaStellosetiferaStomatogenellaStrickeriaSungaiicolaSynsphaeriaTamsiniellaThelidiellaThyridellaThyrothecaTrichospermellaTrichosphaeropsisVleugeliaZignoina

Familia incertae sedis[edit]

These are families in the Sordariomycetes whose taxonomic affinities are not sufficiently well known to be placed in any order.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Maharachchikumbura, S. S., Hyde, K. D., Jones, E. G., McKenzie, E. H., Huang, S. K., Abdel-Wahab, M. A., ... & Hongsanan, S.. (2015). Towards a natural classification and backbone tree for Sordariomycetes. " Fungal Diversity. p. 72.1. 
  2. ^ Century Dictionary entry for pyrenomycetes
  3. ^ Lundqvist, N. (1972). "Nordic Sordariaceae s. lat". Symbolae Botanicae Upsalienses. 20: 1–374. ISSN 0082-0644. urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-124116. 
  4. ^ von Arx, J.A. (1975). "On Thielavia and some similar genera of ascomycetes". Studies in Mycology. 8: 1–31. 
  5. ^ Spatafora, J.W. (1995). "Ascomal evolution of filamentous ascomycetes: evidence from molecular". Canadian Journal of Botany. 73 (S1): 811–5. doi:10.1139/b95-326. 
  6. ^ Neuveglise C, Brygoo Y, Vercambre B, Riba G (1994). "Comparative-analysis of molecular and biological characteristics of strains of Beauveria brongniartii isolated from insects". Mycological Research. 98 (3): 322–8. doi:10.1016/S0953-7562(09)80460-7. 
  7. ^ Berbee ML, Taylor JW (1992). "Two ascomycete classes based on fruiting-body characters and ribosomal DNA sequence". Molecular Biology and Evolution. 9 (2): 278–284. doi:10.1093/oxfordjournals.molbev.a040719. 
  8. ^ Lumbsch TH, Huhndorf SM (December 2007). "Outline of Ascomycota — 2007". Myconet. Chicago, USA: The Field Museum, Department of Botany. 13: 1–58. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]