Gordon L. Kane

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Gordon Kane
Gordykane.jpg
Gordon Kane, Professor of Physics
BornJanuary 19, 1937 (1937-01-19) (age 83)
NationalityAmerican
Alma materUniversity of Illinois (Ph.D.)
University of Minnesota (B.A.)
Known forSupersymmetry
Higgs Physics
String Phenomenology
Dark Matter and Cosmology
AwardsLilienfeld Prize (2012), Sakurai Prize (2017)
Scientific career
FieldsPhysics
InstitutionsUniversity of Michigan
ThesisAnalysis of the angular distribution of pion-nucleon scattering within the framework of the Mandelstam representation (1963)
Doctoral advisorJ.D. Jackson

Gordon Leon Kane (born January 19, 1937) is Victor Weisskopf Distinguished University Professor at the University of Michigan and Director Emeritus at the Leinweber Center for Theoretical Physics (LCTP), a leading center for the advancement of theoretical physics. He was director of the LCTP from 2005 to 2011 and Victor Weisskopf Collegiate Professor of Physics from 2002 - 2011. He received the Lilienfeld Prize from the American Physical Society in 2012, and the J. J. Sakurai Prize for Theoretical Particle Physics in 2017.

Kane is an internationally recognized scientific leader in theoretical and phenomenological particle physics, and theories for physics beyond the Standard Model. In recent years he has been a leader in string phenomenology. Kane has been with the University of Michigan since 1965.

Work[edit]

Early fundamental research[edit]

In 1982 Kane co-led the international Snowmass working group study that pointed to the Superconducting Super Collider (SSC) as the next scientific direction for particle physics. Kane suggested, along with Jack Gunion, at Snowmass studies that Higgs bosons could be best detected at the SSC or LHC via the rare gamma gamma decay mode (finally documented in Nucl. Phys. B 299 (1988) 231, also with Wudka.). The SSC project was finally halted and replaced by the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at Geneva where this was indeed the discovery method. The LHC continues to probe for the presence of supersymmetry, the leading candidate model for new physics beyond the Standard Model.

Around the same time Kane and Leveille[1] performed the first calculation of the Feynman rules for gluinos, and of the production of gluinos at colliders, which turns out to be one of the most important ways to discover supersymmetry at the LHC.

Gordon Kane is also well known for his work with Howard Haber, putting together and elucidating the structure of the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) into a complete and calculable context in 1984. Their seminal article published in 1985[2] remains one of the single most important references on supersymmetry and the MSSM. A detailed companion report was published in 2002.[3]

Kane made important early contributions to the study of the Higgs Bosons, including an upper limit on the Higgs Boson mass,[4] implications of electric dipole moments, the muon g-2 experiment, the study of dark matter and its detection,[5] and to early supergravity[6] and string theory phenomenology. With collaborators he pointed out the potential LHC inverse problem and solutions towards its resolution.[7]

Recent notable research[edit]

Kane’s more recent work has been in the development of testable models based on string theory, in particular those based on G2 compactifications of M-Theory, a predictive approach that might explain the hierarchy between the weak scale and the Planck scale.[8] With colleagues, he has recently re-emphasized the role of neutralino dark matter in the context of cosmic ray data,[9][10] as well as the importance of connecting dark matter and the LHC - in particular focusing on light gluinos and light neutralinos (the putative superparteners of the gluon and W boson respectively) that arise in supergravity and string theory motivated models.[11] He has argued that these ideas form a consistent framework with a non-thermal cosmological history of the universe.

Recently, he and collaborators have generalized results of compactified string theories, and in particular have shown that scalar superpartners should have masses of order tens of TeV. He and collaborators have also proposed string motivated explanations for major questions in particle theory, including the so-called "little hierarchy" or "fine-tuning" problem, and major related questions in cosmology, including understanding the ratio of the baryonic matter to dark matter in the universe.

Scientific summary[edit]

Kane has published over 200 research articles, with over 20,000 citations and an h-number of 65. He has written or co-authored or edited at least 10 physics books, and has 3 influential Scientific American particle physics articles. A chapter from one book was reprinted in an anthology, with other chapters by Galileo, Newton, Einstein, Hawking, Maxwell, Heisenberg, Weinberg. Two of his more recent books includes “Perspectives on Supersymmetry”, and “Perspectives on LHC Physics”, both of which provide extensive reviews of the field.

Kane has been elected a Fellow of the American Physical Society, a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, a Fellow of the British Institute of Physics, and a Guggenheim Fellow. He has served on many government advisory panels, most recently as Chair of the theoretical physics subpanel on the three year Committee of Visitors of the Physical and Mathematical Sciences Division of the National Science Foundation, the highest evaluation panel the NSF has. Kane also has been on several national laboratory program policy committees. He has served on the international advisory committees of over 40 national and international meetings. He was a winner of the 1998 Physics Today Essay Contest "Physics Tomorrow". He has been Delphasus Lecturer at the University of California at Santa Cruz, Distinguished Visiting Speaker at the University of California Davis, Dozer Lecturer at Ben-Gurion University, Lewiner Lecturer at the Technion in Tel-Aviv, and an American Physical Society Centennial Speaker. In 2017, Kane was awarded the prestigious, J. J. Sakurai Prize for Theoretical Particle Physics. The prize, considered one of the most prestigious in physics, was awarded for his work on the theory of the properties, reactions, and signatures of the Higgs boson.[12]

He has two popular books for any curious reader, “The Particle Garden”, focusing on the Standard Model, and “Supersymmetry and Beyond” focusing on physics beyond the Standard Model, including string/M-theory. And he is a frequent contributor to Edge.org.

Books[edit]

  • with John F. Gunion, Howard Haber, and Sally Dawson: The Higgs Hunter's Guide, Addison Wesley 1990, Westview Press 2000, CRC Press 2018
  • Modern Elementary Particle Physics, Addison-Wesley 1987, Westview Press 1993, 2nd edition, Cambridge University Press 2017
  • as editor: Perspectives on Higgs Physics (I,II), World Scientific 1998
  • as editor: Perspectives on Supersymmetry , World Scientific 1998.
  • as editor: Perspectives on LHC Physics (New 2009)
  • as editor: Perspectives on Supersymmetry (I,II) - (New 2010)
  • The Particle Garden: Our Universe as Understood by Particle Physicists, Addison-Wesley 1994
  • Supersymmetry: Squarks, Photinos, and the Unveiling of the Ultimate Laws of Nature, Perseus Pub. 2000[13]
  • with Bobby Acharya and Piyush Kumar: Perspectives on String Phenomenology, World Scientific 2015

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kane, G.L.; Leveille, J.P. (1982). "Experimental constraints on gluino masses and supersymmetric theories". Physics Letters B. Elsevier BV. 112 (3): 227–232. doi:10.1016/0370-2693(82)90968-6. hdl:2027.42/23982. ISSN 0370-2693.
  2. ^ Haber, H; Kane, G. L. (1985). "The search for supersymmetry: Probing physics beyond the standard model". Physics Reports. Elsevier BV. 117 (2–4): 75–263. doi:10.1016/0370-1573(85)90051-1. hdl:2027.42/25825. ISSN 0370-1573.
  3. ^ Chung, D; Everett, L; Kane, G; King, S; Lykken, J; Wang, L (2005). "The soft supersymmetry-breaking Lagrangian: theory and applications". Physics Reports. Elsevier BV. 407 (1–3): 1–203. arXiv:hep-ph/0312378. doi:10.1016/j.physrep.2004.08.032. ISSN 0370-1573.
  4. ^ Kane, G. L.; Kolda, Chris; Wells, James D. (1993-05-03). "Calculable upper limit on the mass of the lightest Higgs boson in perturbatively valid supersymmetric theories with arbitrary Higgs sectors". Physical Review Letters. American Physical Society (APS). 70 (18): 2686–2689. arXiv:hep-ph/9210242. doi:10.1103/physrevlett.70.2686. ISSN 0031-9007.
  5. ^ For a complete list of early work, see Publications linked above
  6. ^ Kane, G. L.; Kolda, Chris; Roszkowski, Leszek; Wells, James D. (1994-06-01). "Study of constrained minimal supersymmetry". Physical Review D. American Physical Society (APS). 49 (11): 6173–6210. arXiv:hep-ph/9312272. doi:10.1103/physrevd.49.6173. ISSN 0556-2821.
  7. ^ Arkani-Hamed, Nima; Kane, Gordon L; Thaler, Jesse; Wang, Lian-Tao (2006-08-29). "Supersymmetry and the LHC inverse problem". Journal of High Energy Physics. Springer Science and Business Media LLC. 2006 (08): 070–070. arXiv:hep-ph/0512190. doi:10.1088/1126-6708/2006/08/070. ISSN 1029-8479.
  8. ^ Acharya, Bobby S.; Bobkov, Konstantin; Kane, Gordon L.; Kumar, Piyush; Shao, Jing (2007-12-12). "Explaining the electroweak scale and stabilizing moduli inMtheory". Physical Review D. American Physical Society (APS). 76 (12): 126010. arXiv:hep-th/0701034. doi:10.1103/physrevd.76.126010. ISSN 1550-7998.
  9. ^ Kane, Gordon; Lu, Ran; Watson, Scott (2009). "PAMELA satellite data as a signal of non-thermal wino LSP dark matter". Physics Letters B. Elsevier BV. 681 (2): 151–160. arXiv:0906.4765. doi:10.1016/j.physletb.2009.09.053. ISSN 0370-2693.
  10. ^ Grajek, Phill; Kane, Gordon L.; Phalen, Daniel J.; Pierce, Aaron; Watson, Scott (2009-02-05). "Is the PAMELA positron excess winos?". Physical Review D. American Physical Society (APS). 79 (4): 043506. arXiv:0812.4555. doi:10.1103/physrevd.79.043506. ISSN 1550-7998.
  11. ^ Feldman, Daniel; Kane, Gordon; Lu, Ran; Nelson, Brent D. (2010). "Dark matter as a guide toward a light gluino at the LHC". Physics Letters B. Elsevier BV. 687 (4–5): 363–370. arXiv:1002.2430. doi:10.1016/j.physletb.2010.03.055. ISSN 0370-2693.
  12. ^ "Physics Professor Gordon Kane Awarded 2017 APS J. J. Sakurai Prize for Theoretical Particle Physics". LSA Physics, University of Michigan. 28 September 2016.
  13. ^ von Baeyer, Hans Christian (November 2000). "Review of Supersymmetry: Squarks, Photinos, and the Unveiling of the Ultimate Laws of Nature by Gordon Kane". American Journal of Physics. 68 (11): 1064. doi:10.1119/1.1290254.

External links[edit]