Gori Ganga

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The Gori valley, Hansling in the distance

Gori Ganga (also Gori Gad) is a river in the Munsiari tehsil of the Pithoragarh District, part of the state of Uttarakhand in northern India. Its principal source is the Milam Glacier, just northeast of Nanda Devi along with the Glaciers of the Ralam River, and the Pyunshani and Uttari & Dakshini Balati Glaciers that lie on the western face of the Panchachuli Peaks.

The alpine trans-humant village of Milam is located one kilometer below the snout of the glacier. Here a left-bank stream called Gonka joins the Gori. The valley provides the approach route for access to peaks such as Nanda Devi East, Hardeol, Trishuli, Panchchuli, and Nanda Kot.

The Gori is also fed by glaciers and streams flowing from the eastern slopes of the east wall of the Nanda Devi Sanctuary, and those flowing west from the high peaks of Panchchuli, Rajramba, and Chaudhara, including the Ralam Gad and the Pyunsani Gadhera. The Kalabaland-Burfu Kalganga glacier system also flows into the Gori Ganga Valley from the east.[1]

The principal rivers joining the main trunk Gori river are listed below [2] -

  • Panchu Gad - True Right Bank at Panchu / Ganghar
  • Burfu Gad - True Left Bank at Burfu
  • Lwa Gad - True Right Bank below Martoli
  • Poting Gad - True Right Bank at Bogdayar
  • Ralam Gad - True Left Bank upstream of Ruspiabagad
  • Jimia Gad - True Right Bank at Jimmighat
  • Suring Gad - True Right Bank at Suring Gad / Ghat
  • Madkani or Madkanya - True Left Bank at Madkot - This river originates from the Pyunshani and Balati Glaciers at the base of the Panchachuli Peaks
  • Ghosi Gad - True Left Bank at Baram
  • Rauntees - True Right Bank at Garjia. This is the only major rain fed stream joining the Gori River.
Madkote dam, one among many constructions in the fragile valley

Goriganga joins the Kali River at Jauljibi.

Etymology[edit]

In the local language "gori" means white or fair. "Gad" and "ganga" both mean river. The water of this river froths and contains white clay/sand, so it looks white most of the time.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Garhwal-Himalaya-Ost, 1:150,000 scale topographic map, prepared in 1992 by Ernst Huber for the Swiss Foundation for Alpine Research, based on maps of the Survey of India.
  2. ^ Theophilus, E (2002). A Biodiversity Log And Strategy Input, Document For The Gori River Basin, Western Himalaya Ecoregion District Pithoragarh, Uttaranchal, A Sub-State Process Under The National Biodiversity Strategy And Action Plan India,. Et Al. Anand, Gujarat: Foundation For Ecological Security. 

Coordinates: 29°45′00″N 80°22′35″E / 29.7500°N 80.3763°E / 29.7500; 80.3763