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Alternative names Gus(t) (Sylheti)
Region or state Middle East, Central Asia, Indian subcontinent
Main ingredients Goat meat
Variations Mutton, beef

Gosht or ghosht refers to tender meat, cooked for a long time, and used as an ingredient in a number of Middle Eastern cuisine, Central Asian cuisine and cuisine of the Indian subcontinent. Several South Asian languages have adopted the Persian word gosht گوشت, meaning "meat" or "flesh", especially that of goat.[1]

In India, most gosht dishes include goat or mutton. In India, the term "mutton" is more likely to refer to the meat of a goat rather than that of an adult sheep, as it does elsewhere in the English-speaking world. When Indian dishes are adapted for Western diners, lamb is the meat most often used in the adaptation. This has led to a common misconception that gosht means "lamb".[citation needed].

The popular Indian subcontinental dish of Biryani as well as the Afghan dish of Biryan use Gosht as a primary ingredient.[2]

Some dishes include:

  • Bhuna gosht, a curry with a thick, reduced sauce
  • Karahi or Kadhai gosht, cooked in a traditional round-sided pot
  • Raan gosht, roasted leg of mutton
  • Dal gosht, with lentils or peas
  • Nihari gosht, a meat stew
  • Rara gosht, roasted mutton curry
  • Saag gosht, with cooked spinach leaves or mustard greens
  • Biryani gosht, especially the non-vegetarian version of it


  1. ^ UrduWord.com
  2. ^ Ravish Kumar interviews historian Sohali Hashmi (9 September 2016). प्राइम टाइम : क्या-क्या अलग करेंगे बिरयानी से? [Prime Time: What will separate from Biryani?] (Television production) (in Hindi). Old Delhi: NDTV. Retrieved 19 October 2016.