Graceville, Florida

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Graceville, Florida
City
Welcome to Graceville Sign located on HWY 77
Welcome to Graceville Sign located on HWY 77
Location in Jackson County and the state of Florida
Location in Jackson County and the state of Florida
Coordinates: 30°57′33″N 85°30′48″W / 30.95917°N 85.51333°W / 30.95917; -85.51333Coordinates: 30°57′33″N 85°30′48″W / 30.95917°N 85.51333°W / 30.95917; -85.51333
Country  United States
State  Florida
County  Jackson
Government
 • Mayor Charles Holman
Area
 • Total 4.4 sq mi (11.4 km2)
 • Land 4.3 sq mi (11.1 km2)
 • Water 0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)
Elevation 151 ft (46 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 2,402
 • Density 545.9/sq mi (210.7/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 32440
Area code(s) 850
FIPS code 12-27000[1]
GNIS feature ID 0283260[2]

Graceville is a city in Jackson County, Florida, United States. The population was 2,278 at the 2010 census.

Geography[edit]

Graceville is located at 30°57′33″N 85°30′48″W / 30.95917°N 85.51333°W / 30.95917; -85.51333 (30.959044, −85.513280).[3]

Land area: 916 sq mi (2,370 km2). Region of the country: Southeast Average temperature: 67.2 Average high temperature: 79.0 Average low temperature: 55.0 Annual rain: 66.0 inches Annual snowfall: 0.0 inches Earthquake index: 0.0

Jackson County is a rural community primarily composed of business in agriculture, manufacturing, service, and retail trade. In addition, many government facilities are located within the county, including a federal prison and three state correctional institutions. Elevation ranges from 50 to 330 feet (100 m) above sea level. Marianna is 185 feet (56 m) above sea level.

Soil composition ranges from sandy to clay base. The most typical soil is sandy loam. Jackson County has a vast deposit of nearly pure limestone. The county abounds in lakes including Lake Seminole, Compass Lake, Merritt's Mill Pond and Ocheessee Pond. The Chattahoochee River-Apalachicola River, which is navigable and has a nine foot channel depth, forms the county's eastern border. The Chipola River flows south through the center of the county.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 734
1920 840 14.4%
1930 1,012 20.5%
1940 1,181 16.7%
1950 1,638 38.7%
1960 2,307 40.8%
1970 2,560 11.0%
1980 2,918 14.0%
1990 2,675 −8.3%
2000 2,402 −10.2%
2010 2,278 −5.2%
Est. 2014 2,223 [4] −2.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 2,402 people, 933 households, and 572 families residing in the city. The population density was 559.0 inhabitants per square mile (215.7/km²). There were 1,076 housing units at an average density of 250.4 per square mile (96.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 73.48% White, 23.90% African American, 0.92% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.25% from other races, and 1.29% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.46% of the population.

There were 933 households out of which 26.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.3% were married couples living together, 13.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.6% were non-families. 33.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 3.08.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.4% under the age of 18, 13.3% from 18 to 24, 23.1% from 25 to 44, 19.7% from 45 to 64, and 20.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 84.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $23,031, and the median income for a family was $32,778. Males had a median income of $25,969 versus $20,109 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,245. About 15.1% of families and 20.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.0% of those under age 18 and 18.9% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Graceville was served by the Louisville and Nashville Railroad at the end of the stub Georgiana Branch which reached the town on July 16, 1902,[6] and, later, by the Seaboard System from 1983, and then by the Alabama and Florida Railroad, when the line was spun off as a shortline. The line was freight-only, the last L&N passenger local having come off circa late 1950. Train 27 departed Georgiana, Alabama, at 7:15 a.m., arriving at Graceville at 10:40 a.m. Returning train 28 departed Graceville at 11:05 a.m. and arrived at Georgiana at 2:35 p.m. Following World War II, with the improvement of local roads and the availability of private vehicles, the railroad petitioned the Alabama Public Service Commission to discontinue daily except Sunday trains between Georgiana and Graceville on November 6, 1947. "Passenger travel on trains 27 and 28 is now, and has been for several years, at a very low ebb, there being times when the train crew exceeds the number of passengers on the train," explained the railroad company in court documents dated October 31, 1950, appealing the commission's refusal to allow discontinuance. The operating deficit averaged ~$188 per day.[7]

The A&F abandoned the line between Geneva and Graceville on January 16, 1984.[8] The Atlanta and St. Andrews Bay Railroad also built a seven-mile connection into town from the east from their Dothan-Panama City mainline at Campbellton, completed July 14, 1971,[9] but this, too, was abandoned by 1996 after the possible bridge traffic from the A&F disappeared. The "Bay Line" would buy the small yard and wye in town from the A&F. Only a few rails embedded in former town grade crossings mark the abandoned right of ways.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  5. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  6. ^ Herr, Kincaid A., "The Louisville & Nashville Railroad 1850-1963", The University Press of Kentucky, 2000, ppbk. ed. 2009, ISBN 978-0-8131-9318-2, page 141.
  7. ^ Court document 93 F. Supp. 544 (1950), Louisville & N. R. Co. v. Alabama Public Service Commission et al. Civ. No. 698, United States District Court, M. D. Alabama, N. D., October 31, 1950.
  8. ^ "Alabama Rail Plan 2008" (PDF). December 2008. pp. Table 4–1. Retrieved 10 September 2010. 
  9. ^ Lewis, Edward A. (1986). American Shortline Railway Guide (3rd ed.). Kalmbach Publishing Company. pp. 25. ISBN 0890240736.