Fifth grade

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Fifth grade (called Grade 5 in some regions) is a year of education in many nations. The fifth grade is the fifth school year after kindergarten. Students are usually 10 – 11 years old. Depending on the school district, the grade may be in 1 of 3 scenarios: the first year of middle school, the last year of elementary school or neither. Also, in other schools Grade 4 and 5 are one school. In Asian countries like India, fifth grade education is also known as 'class 5' which is usually the last grade of the primary education system.


While courses of study are not regimented nationwide across either country, some conventional expectations of subject matter are generally taught in this grade:

  • In mathematics, students usually master long division and work with multiplication of vulgar fractions and decimals. Sometimes this also includes initial exposure to ratios and percentages. Pre-Algebra is sometimes offered as an honors course. Fifth graders may also work more on more advanced long division, such as dividing in the double digits, hundreds, and thousands.
  • In language classes the study of grammar begins. This begins as early as the third grade in some schools.
  • ==== Key Ideas and Details: ==== CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.5.1 Quote accurately from a when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text. CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.5.2 Determine a theme of a story, drama, or poem from details in the text, including how characters in a story or drama to challenges or how the speaker in a poem reflects upon a topic; summarize the text. CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.5.3 Compare and contrast two or more characters, settings, or events in a story or drama, drawing on specific details in the text (e.g., how characters interact). ==== Craft and Structure: ==== CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.5.4 Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative language such as metaphors and similes. CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.5.5 Explain how a series of chapters, scenes, or stanzas fits together to provide the overall structure of a particular story, drama, or poem. CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.5.6 Describe how a narrator's or speaker's point of influences how events are described. ==== Integration of Knowledge and Ideas: ==== CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.5.7 Analyze how visual and multimedia elements contribute to the meaning, tone, or beauty of a text (e.g., graphic novel, of fiction, folktale, myth, poem). CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.5.8 (RL.5.8 not to literature) CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.5.9 Compare and contrast stories in the same genre (e.g., mysteries and adventure stories) on their approaches to similar themes and topics. ==== Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity: ==== CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.5.10 By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poetry, at the high end of the grades 4-5 text complexity band independently and proficiently.
  • In social studies, the study of history and geography are furthered. In Ontario, this grade focuses on the history of the student's province (as opposed to fourth grade which covers the student's municipality, and sixth grade which focuses on the country).
  • In physical science, the states of matter are introduced, and an introduction to the basics of machines. This could be also introduced as early as the third and fourth grade.
  • In life science, the structures and mechanics of plants and animals are illustrated.
  • In music, classes may start or continue recorders (sometimes called the flutaphone). The band and choir program usually starts at that age.
  • In P.E. (physical education) or health education, schools start sexual education or gender-specific health education. Basic psychology is started to be taught at that age such as the concept of reward and punishment, motivation, and influence.

International equivalents[edit]


Throughout Brazil, the ages for elementary school were recently raised from 8 to 9 years, and the minimum age required for the fifth grade was changed from 9 to 10 years old.

United Kingdom[edit]

In England and Wales it is called "Year 6" and the pupils are usually 10 to 11 years old.[1]

Often it is the seventh year of school; the years being called "Reception", "Year 1", "Year 2", "Year 3", "Year 4", "Year 5" and "Year 6".

In Northern Ireland and Scotland the equivalent to Fifth Grade is Primary 7.

Throughout the UK, this is the last year of Primary education before students go on to Secondary School.


In Ireland the equivalent is 5th Class or Rang a cúig for 11-year-olds. It is your second last year in primary school.


Its equivalent is the CM2 (Cours Moyen 2ème année: 2nd year of middle class) last year of primary school.

New Zealand[edit]

In New Zealand, this level of class is called Year 6. Children generally start this level between the ages of ten and eleven. This is also the final year of primary school.

However, in NZ some primary schools continue to teach Year 7 and 8, with children continuing straight to High school at Year 9.[citation needed] Intermediate schools, which teach Year 7 through 8, are quite common and in rural areas.[citation needed] Schools can be found teaching all classes from Year 1 to year 13.[citation needed]


In Barbados at 10 to 11 years, students will take a placement edu to determine which secondary school they would attend. This is known as the common entrance examination. Forms 1-3 are called lower secondary school, with ages ranging from 11 to 14 years old. The students do basic subjects.


In India, fifth grade education comes under the primary education after which students are promoted to the middle education level. In some of the states in India, class 5 exam is conducted as the board exams. In India, 5th grade education is managed by the state boards and central boards including CBSE and ICSE


Similar to India, 5th grade education is a part of the primary education system in Pakistan. There are several boards of education (BISE) in Pakistan that operate under the Punjab Education Commission (PEC). PEC is responsible for conducting 5th and 8th grade exams in its affiliated schools.

See also[edit]


Preceded by
Fourth grade
Fifth grade
age 10-11
Succeeded by
Sixth grade