Great Synagogue, Łomża

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Great Synagogue of Łomża
LomzaSynagogue.jpg
Basic information
Location Łomża, Poland
Affiliation Judaism
Country Poland
Status Destroyed in 1941
Architectural description
Architect(s) Enrico Marconi
Completed 1889
Eliezer-Simcha Rabinowicz

The Great Synagogue was a historic Jewish synagogue in Łomża, Poland. The synagogue stood at the south-eastern corner of the Main Square at the intersection of today's Giełczyńska and Senatorska 28 streets.

It was built in 1878-1889 on the initiative of Rabbi Eliezer-Simcha Rabinowicz, and designed by an Italian-Polish architect Enrico Marconi from Congress Poland.[1]

Destruction[edit]

The synagogue was destroyed by the invading Germans either in September 1939, at the very beginning of World War II (according to Polish online Virtual Shtetl),[2] or in September 1941 (according to Pinkas haKehilot), soon after German attack on the Soviet Union and the creation of the Łomża Ghetto for the Jews from surrounding villages and towns.[1] Most likely the Synagogue was destroyed in stages, first burned down, and levelled out later.

At present, only a memorial plaque marks the site of the former synagogue, with an inscription in Polish and Hebrew, which reads:

From July 1941 to November 1942 in the streets: Dworna – now 22-go Lipca, Senatorska, Woziwodzka, Zielona, Żydowska – now Zatylna, and Rybaki, the Nazis set up a ghetto, where they exterminated 9,000 Poles of Jewish ethnicity. 3,500 of them were shot in the woods near the villages of Giełczyn and Sławiec. The German occupiers established 15 ghettos in the towns of Łomża region. The tragic fate of around 40,000 people living in them led to the extermination camp in Treblinka. May the memory of them and of those who were helping them in those terrible days last.[3]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ a b Lomza from its beginnings quoted from Pinkas haKehilot (translated by Stan Goodman)
  2. ^ Łomża, Virtual Shtetl, Museum of the History of Polish Jews (Muzeum Historii Żydów Polskich) 2010
  3. ^ Selected Sites of Jewish Interest in Poland, JewishTravel.pl

Coordinates: 53°10′42″N 22°04′54″E / 53.17833°N 22.08167°E / 53.17833; 22.08167