Greater hedgehog tenrec

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Greater hedgehog tenrec[1]
Greater Hedgehog Tenrec (Setifer setosus) (9614561811).jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Afrosoricida
Suborder: Tenrecomorpha
Family: Tenrecidae
Genus: Setifer
(Froriep, 1806)
S. setosus
Binomial name
Setifer setosus
(Schreber, 1778)
Setifer setosus range map.svg
Greater hedgehog tenrec range

The greater hedgehog tenrec (Setifer setosus), also known as the large Madagascar hedgehog or sokina,[3] is a species of mammal in the family Tenrecidae. It is endemic to Madagascar. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forest, subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest, subtropical or tropical moist montane forest, dry savanna, moist savanna, subtropical or tropical dry shrubland, subtropical or tropical moist shrubland, subtropical or tropical high-altitude shrubland, subtropical or tropical dry lowland grassland, subtropical or tropical high-altitude grassland, rural gardens, urban areas and zoos.[2]

It is the only species in the genus Setifer.[1] Despite the close resemblance, it is not closely related to hedgehogs.

Distribution and Habitat[edit]

Greater hedgehog tenrecs are found throughout the island of Madagascar and are endemic to this island.[4]

The island of Madagascar ranges from sea level to 2,250 meters above sea level, and Setifer setosus is found throughout the island, with the exception of wetlands and marshes. Greater hedgehog tenrecs are seen in urban areas and even in areas with extensive human disturbance. The prime habitat for greater hedgehog tenrecs are the eastern forests and lower elevations because of their eating habits, but they are found in wet and dry areas.[4]


  1. ^ a b Bronner, G.N.; Jenkins, P.D. (2005). "Order Afrosoricida". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M (eds.). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 77. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.
  2. ^ a b Stephenson, P.J.; Soarimalala, V.; Goodman, S. (2016). "Setifer setosus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T40594A97203842. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-1.RLTS.T40594A97203842.en. Retrieved 16 November 2021.
  3. ^ Imerina Malagasy common name used in Stratégie Nationale pour la Gestion Durable de la Biodiversité, publication of the Malagasy Ministry of the Environment Read the PDF
  4. ^ a b Owens, Rachel. "Setifer setosus (greater hedgehog tenrec)". Animal Diversity Web. Retrieved 2021-02-09.