Guzhu

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State of Guzhu

孤竹国
c. 1600 BC–660 BC
Map of states in Zhou dynasty, Guzhu is in the northeast
Map of states in Zhou dynasty, Guzhu is in the northeast
GovernmentMonarchy
History 
• Established
c. 1600 BC
• Conquered by Yan
660 BC
Preceded by
Shang Dynasty

Guzhu (Chinese: 孤竹; pinyin: Gūzhú) was a vassal state of the Shang and Zhou dynasties located in the vicinity of modern Tangshan, Hebei province. The kingdom was tribal in origin and had close relations with King Tang of Shang. During the Western Zhou dynasty, the Lichi and Shanrong tribes rose up in the north-west and north-east respectively, causing concerns to Guzhu's southern neighbors: the states of Qi and Yan. In 664 BC, Guzhu, already weakened, its monarch was killed by a Qi-Yan coalition during an expedition against the Shanrong. In 660 BC, Qi and Yan annexed Guzhu finally.[1]

Guzhu rulers[edit]

Posthumous name Name Period as leader
Six former kings unclear
Fu Ding (父丁) Motai Zhuyou (墨胎竹猷)
Ya Wei (亞微) Motai Chu (墨胎初)
Ya Ping (亞憑) Motai Feng (墨胎馮)
Later kings cannot be confirmed

See also[edit]

References[edit]