Gyromitra gigas

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Snow Morel
Gyromitra gigas 85397.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Ascomycota
Class: Pezizomycetes
Order: Pezizales
Family: Discinaceae
Genus: Gyromitra
G. gigas
Binomial name
Gyromitra gigas
(Krombh.) Cooke (1878)
Gyromitra gigas
View the Mycomorphbox template that generates the following list
Mycological characteristics
smooth hymenium
cap is convex
hymenium attachment is irregular or not applicable
stipe is bare
spore print is yellow to buff
ecology is saprotrophic or mycorrhizal
edibility: choice but not recommended

Gyromitra gigas, commonly known as the snow morel, snow false morel, calf brain, or bull nose, is a fungus and a member of the Ascomycota. G. gigas is found in Europe. It is referred to as one of the false morels, due to its similar appearance and occurrence in the spring and early summer in similar habitats to true morels (Morchella ssp.). It is edible if properly prepared but should be avoided due to variability and similarity to other more toxic species of Gyromitra.[5] A similar species, Gyromitra montana occurs in North America.


The species was first described scientifically by Julius Vincenz von Krombholz as Helvella gigas.[1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b von Krombholz JV. (1834). "Naturgetreue Abbildungen und Beschreibungen der Schwämme" (in German). 3: 1–36.
  2. ^ Imai S. (1938). "Symbolae ad floram mycologicum asiae orientalis II". Botanical Magazine Tokyo. 52: 357–63.
  3. ^ Eckblad FE. (1968). "The genera of the operculate discomycetes". Nytt Magasin for Botanik. 15 (1–2): 1–191 (see p. 99).
  4. ^ "Gyromitra gigas (Krombh.) Cooke 1878". MycoBank. International Mycological Association. Retrieved 2012-11-04.
  5. ^ Volk T. (May 2002). "Tom Volk's Fungus of the Month: Gyromitra esculenta". Retrieved 2011-05-03.