H. E. Carter
|Herbert E. Carter|
|Born||September 25, 1910|
|Died||March 4, 2007|
|Institutions||University of Illinois
University of Arizona
|Alma mater||University of Illinois|
|Doctoral advisor||Carl Shipp Marvel|
|Doctoral students||Philip Handler|
|Known for||Threonine biochemistry|
Herbert Edmund Carter (September 25, 1910 – March 4, 2007) was an American biochemist and educator. He grew up in central Indiana and received his bachelor's degree from DePauw University. He received a Ph.D. in 1934 in organic chemistry from the University of Illinois.
He remained at Illinois as a member of the faculty and served as head of the Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering (1954–1967) and later as Vice Chancellor for Academic Affairs (1968–1971). It was at the University of Illinois that Carter in collaboration with William C. Rose, determined the structure of threonine.
Following his retirement from Illinois in 1971, he moved to the University of Arizona and established the very successful Office of Interdisciplinary Programs. He recognized that the processes and systems underlying individual disciplines are remarkably similar and interdependent, and concluded that what lies in between disciplines—the area of interdisciplinarity—is where future developments, discoveries, and training programs would flourish. The Herbert E. Carter Travel Award is named in his honor. He created and headed the University Department of Biochemistry (1977–1980). He remained active at the University of Arizona until the age of 94.
Carter was also active in the scientific community. He played important roles as President of the American Society of Biological Chemists (1956–1957) and as member (1954) and chair of many important committees of the United States National Academy of Sciences, the National Research Council, the Gordon Research Conferences, the National Institutes of Health, and the National Science Foundation. He served as a member, and then as chairman, of the National Science Board. In recognition of his contributions at the National Science Board, a mountain ridge in Antarctica, Carter Ridge, was named after him. He was the founder of the series Biochemical Preparations, and served as a member of the editorial boards of many scientific journals, including the Journal of Biological Chemistry and the Journal of Lipid Research.
Department Heads of Chemistry at the University of Illinois
|Head||Years of Service||Years|
|A. P. S. Stewart||1868–1874||6|
|Henry A. Weber||1874–1882||8|
|J. C. Jackson||1888||1|
|Arthur W. Palmer||1889–1904||15|
|Harry S. Grindley||1904–1907||3|
|William A. Noyes||1907–1926||19|
|Herbert E. Carter||1954–1967||13|
|Herbert S. Gutowsky||1967–1983||16|
|Larry R. Faulkner||1984–1989||5|
|Gary B. Schuster||1989–1994||5|
|Paul W. Bohn||1995–1999||5|
|Steven C. Zimmerman||1999–2000||1|
|Gregory S. Girolami||2000–2005||5|
|Steven C. Zimmerman||2005–2013||8|
|Gregory S. Girolami||2013–|
Awards and honors
- 1970 - Received the Alton E. Bailey Award from the North Central Section of the American Oil Chemists' Society
- 1961 - Became a John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation Fellow
- 1952 - Received an Honorary Degree from DePauw University
- 1953 - Joined the United States National Academy of Sciences
- 1943 - Received the Eli Lilly Award in Biological Chemistry for his identification of the structure and synthesis of sphingosine.
- Carter, H. E., and C. B. Hirschberg. 1968. Phytosphingosines and branched sphingosines in kidney. Biochemistry. 7: 2296–2300.
- Carter, H. E., R. C. Gaver, and R. K. Yu. 1966. A novel branched-chain sphingolipid base from Crithidia facsiculata. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 22: 316–320.
- Carter, H. E., and Y. Fujino. 1956. Biochemistry of the sphingolipides. IX. Configuration of cerebrosides. J. Biol. Chem. 221: 879–884.
- Carter, H. E., C. P. Schaffner, and D. Gottlieb. 1954. Levomycin. I. Isolation and chemical studies. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 53: 282–293.
- Carter, H. E., and F. L. Greenwood. 1952. Biochemistry of the sphingolipides. VII. Structure of the cerebrosides. J. Biol. Chem. 199: 283–288.
- Carter, H. E., D. Gottlieb, and H. W. Anderson. 1948. Chloromycetin and streptothricin. Science. 107: 113.
- John H. Law, Regents' Professor Emeritus* and Robert K. Yu, Associate Editor. "Introduction to thematic series on sphingolipids in honor of Professor Herbert E. Carter (1910–2007)". Journal of Lipid Research. Retrieved 29 November 2010.
- "The Carter Travel Award". gidp.arizona.edu. Retrieved 29 November 2010.
- Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society, April 1970 (Vol. 47) page 150A
- "Herbert E. Carter, 1961. Molecular & Cellular Biology". John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation. Retrieved 29 November 2010.
- "Dr. H.E. Carter Receives Honorary Degree". University of Illinois Archives. June 9, 1952. Retrieved 29 November 2010.
- Herbert E. Carter Papers at the University of Illinois Archives
- National Academy of Sciences Biographical Memoir