HMAS Leeuwin (A 245)
HMAS Leeuwin operating off Singapore in 2010
|Ordered:||2 April 1996|
|Builder:||NQEA Australia, Cairns|
|Launched:||19 July 1997|
|Commissioned:||27 May 2000|
|Motto:||I Shall Maintain|
|Status:||Active as of 2016|
|Class and type:||Leeuwin-class survey vessel|
|Length:||71.2 m (234 ft)|
|Beam:||15.2 m (50 ft)|
|Draught:||4.3 m (14 ft)|
|Speed:||18 knots (33 km/h; 21 mph)|
|Range:||18,000 nautical miles (33,000 km; 21,000 mi) at 9 knots (17 km/h; 10 mph)|
|Complement:||10 officers, 46 sailors, up to 5 trainees|
|Armament:||2 × 12.7 mm machine guns|
|Aircraft carried:||1 × AS 350B Squirrel (not permanently embarked)|
Design and construction
Leeuwin has a displacement of 2,170 tons at full load. She is 71.2 metres (234 ft) long, with a beam of 15.2 metres (50 ft), and a draught of 4.3 metres (14 ft). Main propulsion machinery consists of four GEC Alsthom 6RK 215 diesel generators, which supply two Alsthom electric motors, each driving a propeller shaft. A Schottel bow thruster is fitted for additional manoeuvrability. Maximum speed is 18 knots (33 km/h; 21 mph), with a range of 18,000 nautical miles (33,000 km; 21,000 mi) at 9 knots (17 km/h; 10 mph).
The sensor suite consists of a STN Atlas 9600 APRA I-band navigational radar, a C-Tech CMAS 36/39 hull-mounted sonar, an Atlas Fansweep-20 multibeam echo sounder, an Atlas Hydrographic Deso single-beam echo sounder, and a Klein 2000 towed sonar. The sonars and echo sounders allow the vessels to chart waters up to 6,000 metres (20,000 ft) deep. There are three sets of davits fitted to carry Fantome-class survey boats. The ship is fitted with a helicopter deck for an AS 350B Squirrel helicopter (detached from 723 Squadron), although there are no long-term hosting facilities. She is armed with two single 12.7 mm machine guns. The ship's company consists of 10 officers and 46 sailors, plus up to 5 trainees. The Leeuwin class were the first RAN ships to use a multi-crewing concept, with three complements used to operate the two vessels.
Leeuwin was ordered from NQEA Australia on 2 April 1996, and built at the company's shipyard in Cairns. She was laid down on 9 May 1997 and launched on 23 June 1998. Leeuwin and sister ship Melville underwent a joint commissioning ceremony on 27 May 2000. Leeuwin initially carried the pennant number "HS 01", but this was changed to "A 245" in 2004. She is named after Cape Leeuwin, the south-west-most point of the Australian continent.
In October 2013, Leeuwin participated in the International Fleet Review 2013 in Sydney. The fleet was reviewed by Governor-General Quentin Bryce on 5 October from Leeuwin's helicopter deck, with Bryce accompanied by Prince Harry.
Leeuwin sailed to Fiji in July 2015 for a seabed-mapping operation around Rotuma Island. This was the first RAN deployment to the region in eight years, since the deterioration of ties between the nations after the 2006 Fijian coup d'état.
- Saunders (ed.), Jane's Fighting Ships 2008–2009, p. 33
- Wertheim (ed.), The Naval Institute Guide to Combat Fleets of the World, p. 26
- Bateman et al., in Rothwell & VanderZwaag (eds.), Towards principled ocean governance, p. 130
- "Participating Warships". International Fleet Review 2013 website. Royal Australian Navy. 2013. Archived from the original on 10 December 2013. Retrieved 14 December 2015.
- Walsh, Fiona (4 October 2013). "International Fleet Review: seven to watch for when the ships come in". The Guardian. Retrieved 7 October 2013.
- Talebula, Kate (14 July 2015). "Australian frigate on seabed survey mission". The Fiji Times Online. Retrieved 19 July 2015.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to HMAS Leeuwin (A 245).|
- Bateman, Sam; Bergin, Anthony; Tsamenyi, Martin; Woolner, Derek (2006). "Integrated maritime enforcement and compliance in Australia". In Rothwell, Donald R.; VanderZwaag, David L. Towards principled oceans governance: Australian and Canadian approaches and challenges. Oxon: Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-38378-3.
- Saunders, Stephen, ed. (2008). Jane's Fighting Ships 2008–2009. Jane's Fighting Ships (111th ed.). Surrey: Jane's Information Group. ISBN 9780710628459. OCLC 225431774.
- Wertheim, Eric, ed. (2007). The Naval Institute Guide to Combat Fleets of the World: Their Ships, Aircraft, and Systems (15th ed.). Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 9781591149552. OCLC 140283156.