HMS Culloden (1783)
|Ordered:||12 July 1779|
|Laid down:||January 1782|
|Launched:||16 June 1783|
|Fate:||Broken up, February 1813|
|General characteristics |
|Class and type:||Ganges-class ship of the line|
|Tons burthen:||1683 (bm)|
|Length:||169 ft 6 in (51.7 m) (gundeck)|
|Beam:||47 ft 8 1⁄2 in (14.5 m)|
|Depth of hold:||20 ft 3 in (6.2 m)|
|Sail plan:||Full rigged ship|
|Armament:||Gundeck: 28 × 32-pounder guns
Upper gundeck: 28 × 18-pounder guns
HMS Culloden was a 74-gun third rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, launched on 16 June 1783 at Rotherhithe. She took part in some of the most famous battles of the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars before she was broken up in 1813.
French Revolutionary Wars
One of her first engagements was at the Glorious First of June, under Captain Isaac Schomberg. She was captained by Sir Thomas Troubridge in the Battle of Cape St Vincent, in which he led the line. Culloden was damaged, and had 10 men killed and 47 wounded. She later took part in the Battle of Santa Cruz de Tenerife. She participated in the Battle of the Nile, but ran aground on shoals before being able to engage the French fleet, and subsequently did not actively engage the enemy. She was assisted by HMS Mutine whilst aground.
On 5 July 1808 Culloden captured the French privateer Union off Ceylon. Union had been at sea for 27 days, having sailed from Mauritius, when she encountered Culloden, but had not captured anything. Union was armed with eight guns and had a crew of 60 Europeans and 20 lascars.
She was finally broken up in February 1813.
- Lavery, Ships of the Line vol. 1, p. 180.
- Asiatic Annual Register (18110, Vol. 10, p.68.
- Colledge, J. J.; Warlow, Ben (2006) . Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy (Rev. ed.). London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-281-8. OCLC 67375475.
- Lavery, Brian (2003) The Ship of the Line - Volume 1: The development of the battlefleet 1650-1850. Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-252-8.