HMS Galatea (1914)

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For other ships of the same name, see HMS Galatea.
HMS Galatea (1914).jpg
Career (United Kingdom)
Name: HMS Galatea
Builder: William Beardmore and Company
Laid down: 9 January 1913
Launched: 14 May 1914
Commissioned: December 1914
Fate: Sold for scrapping 25 October 1921
General characteristics
Class and type: Arethusa-class light cruiser
Displacement: 3,500 tons
Length: 436 ft (133 m) Overall
Beam: 39 ft (12 m)
Draught: 13.5 ft (4.1 m)
Propulsion: Parsons turbines
Eight Yarrow boilers
40,000 hp
Speed: 28.5 knots (53 km/h)
Range: carried 482 tons (810 tons maximum) of fuel oil
Complement: 318
Armament: 3 × BL 6-inch (152.4 mm) Mk XII guns

4 × QF 4-inch (101.6 mm) Mk V guns
2 × 3 inch guns

8 × 21-inch (533 mm) torpedo tubes
Armour: 3 inches (76 mm) side (amidships)
2.25–1.5 inches (57–38 mm) side (bows)
2.5–2 inches (64–51 mm) side (stern)
1 inch (25 mm) upper decks (amidships)
1 inch (25 mm) deck over rudder
6 inches (150 mm) conning tower

HMS Galatea was an Arethusa-class light cruiser of the Royal Navy launched on 14 May 1914 at William Beardmore and Company shipyard. She fought in the First World War, participating in the Battle of Jutland. Following the war, she was scrapped.

Service history[edit]

On her commissioning she was assigned as the leader to the 2nd Destroyer Squadron of the Harwich Force, guarding the eastern approaches to the English Channel. On 4 May 1916, she took part in the shooting down of Zeppelin L 7. At the battle of Jutland, she was the flagship of the 1st Light Cruiser Squadron under Commodore E.S. Alexander-Sinclair. She was the first ship to report the presence of German ships, triggering the battle. Galatea was also the first to receive a hit by the German light cruiser SMS Elbing, but no explosion occurred.

Galatea was part of the screen around the Battle Cruiser Fleet under Admiral Beatty which was on a sweep across the North Sea on 31 May 1916. She was sent in company with her sister Phaeton to investigate a stopped merchant vessel, the Danish N J Fiord. At the same time, two destroyers, B-109 and B-110 from the German battlecruiser and cruiser Scouting Groups under Admiral Franz von Hipper, were sent to investigate the ship. The two fleets were previously unaware that they were less than 50 miles (80 km) apart.

She was sold for scrapping on 25 October 1921. Mount Galatea in Alberta, Canada is named after this ship.