HMS Haughty (1895)
|Ordered:||3 November 1893|
|Builder:||William Doxford & Sons, Sunderland|
|Laid down:||28 May 1894|
|Launched:||18 September 1895|
|Fate:||Sold for scrapping, 10 April 1912|
|Class and type:||Hardy-class destroyer|
|Displacement:||260 long tons (264 t)|
|Length:||196 ft (60 m)|
|Speed:||27 knots (50 km/h; 31 mph)|
Construction and design
The Admiralty did not specify a standard design for destroyers, laying down broad requirements, including a trial speed of 27 knots (31 mph; 50 km/h), a "turtleback" forecastle and armament, which was to vary depending on whether the ship was to be used in the torpedo boat or gunboat role. As a torpedo boat, the planned armament was a single QF 12 pounder 12 cwt (3 in (76 mm) calibre) gun on a platform on the ship's conning tower (in practice the platform was also used as the ship's bridge), together with a secondary gun armament of three 6-pounder guns, and two 18-inch (450 mm) torpedo tubes. As a gunboat, one of the torpedo tubes could be removed to accommodate a further two six-pounders.
Doxford's design had a hull of length 200 feet 3 inches (61.04 m) overall and 196 feet (59.74 m) between perpendiculars, with a beam of 19 feet (5.79 m) and a draught of 7 feet 9 inches (2.36 m). Eight Yarrow boilers fed steam at 185 pounds per square inch (1,280 kPa) to triple expansion steam engines rated at 4,200 indicated horsepower (3,100 kW) and driving two propeller shafts. Displacement was 260 long tons (260 t) light and 325 long tons (330 t) deep load. Unusually for the destroyers ordered under the 1893–1894 programme, the Admiralty accepted a guaranteed speed of 26 knots (48 km/h; 30 mph), rather than the more normal 27 knots, possibly owing to Doxford's inexperience in building torpedo-craft. This speed dropped to 22 knots (41 km/h; 25 mph) at deep load. Sufficient coal was carried to give a range of 1,155 nautical miles (2,139 km; 1,329 mi) at 11 knots (20 km/h; 13 mph). Three funnels were fitted. The ship's complement was 50 officers and men.
She was laid down as Yard Number 227 at Doxford's Sunderland shipyard on 28 May 1894, and was launched on 18 September 1895. Sea trials were successful, with the ship reaching an average speed of 27.1 knots (50.2 km/h; 31.2 mph), and she was completed in August 1896.
Haughty and her sister ship was initially considered for overseas service on the Pacific Station, but Janus and Lightning were chosen instead owing to their greater range, and Haughty ended up serving her entire career in home waters. She was commissioned in the Medway Instructional Flotilla. In January 1900, under the command of Lieutenant and Commander E. Leatham, she had a breakdown in her machinery, and was paid off at Chatham to have defects made good and undergo a refit. In May 1902 she received the officers and men from the destroyer Havock, and was commissioned on 8 May at Chatham by Lieutenant H. C. J. R. West for service with the Medway Instructional Flotilla.
On 2 July 1908 Haughty was taking part in the annual Naval Manoeuvres when she collided with the destroyer Ranger. While Haughty's bow was only slightly twisted, the damage to Ranger was more severe, with her hull holed.
Haughty was sold for scrap on 10 April 1912.
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Haughty- adj. Arrogantly proud; disdainful. -ily adv., haughtiness n.