Hadath (West Syrian Diocese)

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Hadath (or Hadeth, Syriac: ܚܕܬ‎) was a diocese of the Syriac Orthodox Church in the Malatya region of what is now Turkey, attested between the eighth and eleventh centuries. It was based in the town of Hadath.

Location[edit]

Hadath was a small town near Melitene (modern Malatya), now in ruins, close to the village of Saray Koy in the vilayet of Gaziantep, in Turkey.[1] According to the Chronicle of Michael the Syrian, the town was founded in AG 1095 [AD 783/4], towards the end of the reign of the Abbasid caliph al-Mahdi (774–85), by ʿAli ibn Sulaiman, the son of the Arab governor of Mesopotamia. It was evidently given a Jacobite bishop very shortly after its foundation.[2]

Bishops of Hadath[edit]

The main source for the bishops of Hadath is the record of episcopal consecrations appended to Volume III of the Chronicle of Syriac Orthodox Patriarch Michael the Syrian (1166–99). In this Appendix Michael lists nearly all of the bishops consecrated by the Jacobite Patriarchs between the ninth and twelfth centuries. Twenty-eight Patriarchs sat during this period, and in most cases Michael was able to list the names of the bishops consecrated during their reigns, their monasteries of origin, and the place where they were consecrated. In these lists, Michael mentions fourteen Bishops of Hadath serving between the eighth and eleventh centuries.[3]

Name From Consecrated in the reign of Place of consecration Title
Eliya not known Quriaqos (793–817) Monastery of the Column, Callinicus Hadath
Giwargis Monastery of Gubba Barraya, Edessa Dionysius I of Tel Mahre (818–45) not known Hadath
Ignatius Monastery of Mar Zakkai, Callinicus Yohannan III (847–74) not known Hadath
Eliya Monastery of Mar Severus Ignatius II (878–83) not known Hadath
Cosmas not known Dionysius II (896–909) not known Hadath
Giwargis Mountain of Edessa Dionysius II (896–909) not known Hadath
Shemʿon Monastery of Mar Yaʿqob of Kaishum Basil (923–35) not known Hadath
Gregory Monastery of Mar Yohannan Basil (923–35) not known Hadath
Abraham Monastery of Mar Zakkai, Callinicus Yohannan V (936–53) not known Hadath
Dionysius not known Yohannan VI Sarigta (965–86) not known Hadath
Iwanis Monastery of Mar Laʿzar of ʿArqa Yohannan VII bar ʿAbdon (1004–30) not known Hadath and Raʿban
Basil Monastery of Mar Ahron, Shigar Dionysius IV (1032–42) not known Hadath
Iwanis patriarchal cell Yohannan bar ʿAbdon (1042–57) not known Hadath
Timothy Monastery of Bar Gaghi, Melitene Yohannan bar ʿAbdon (1042–57) Hani, Tur ʿAbdin Hadath

Further details of some of these bishops are supplied in the narrative sections of the Chronicle of Michael the Syrian and in the Chronicon Ecclesiasticum of Bar Hebraeus:

  • Iwanis (1004/1030) was taken to Constantinople in 1029 with the patriarch Yohannan VII bar ʿAbdon on the orders of the Byzantine emperor Romanus III Argyrus, and was imprisoned in an attempt to force him to make a Chalcedonian confession of faith. He died in prison.[4]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Fiey, POCN, 203–4
  2. ^ Michael the Syrian, Chronicle, iii. 2
  3. ^ Michael the Syrian, Chronicle, iii. 451–82 and 499
  4. ^ Michael the Syrian, Chronicle, iii. 141; Bar Hebraeus, Chronicon Ecclesiasticum, i. 432

References[edit]

  • Abbeloos, Jean Baptiste; Lamy, Thomas Joseph, eds. (1877). Bar Hebraeus, Chronicon Ecclesiasticum (3 vols). Paris. 
  • Fiey, J.M. (1993). Pour un Oriens Christianus novus; répertoire des diocèses Syriaques orientaux et occidentaux. Beirut. ISBN 3-515-05718-8. 
  • Jean-Baptiste Chabot, Chronique de Michel le Syrien, Patriarche Jacobite d'Antiche (1166-1199). Éditée pour la première fois et traduite en francais I-IV (1899;1901;1905;1910; a supplement to volume I containing an introduction to Michael and his work, corrections, and an index, was published in 1924. Reprinted in four volumes 1963, 2010).