Hakin

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Hakin
Hakin.jpg
View of Hakin Point from Milford Docks
Hakin is located in Pembrokeshire
Hakin
Hakin
Hakin shown within Pembrokeshire
Population2,313 
OS grid referenceSM899061
Principal area
CountryWales
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townMILFORD HAVEN
Postcode districtSA73
Dialling code01646
PoliceDyfed-Powys
FireMid and West Wales
AmbulanceWelsh
EU ParliamentWales
List of places
UK
Wales
Pembrokeshire
51°42′44″N 5°02′50″W / 51.712273°N 5.047338°W / 51.712273; -5.047338Coordinates: 51°42′44″N 5°02′50″W / 51.712273°N 5.047338°W / 51.712273; -5.047338

Hakin is a coastal village in Pembrokeshire, Wales. It belongs to the parish of Hubberston in the historical hundred of Roose. It is located directly to the west of the larger town of Milford Haven, and is a district of the community of Milford Haven It had a population of 2,313 inhabitants in 2001[1] and is mainly residential.

Etymology[edit]

The name Hakin is derived from the Old English Hecke, meaning "corner in the bend of the stream", and the German Ecken, meaning "a point of land".[2] The word was used as a geographical term to describe the location of an area, as late as 1794. The term Haking to describe the current boundary was first recorded in 1861, in the British Postal Guide, provided as a sub-office under Milford.[2] Prior to this, the area had been referred to as Hubberston, or Hubberston-Haking.[2]

History[edit]

Hakin, 1868
The Observatory

Hakin has been a settlement since at least the 13th century. It has variously be known as Haking, and later as Old Milford, to distinguish it from the newer settlement across the tidal estuary.[3] A ferry service to Ireland operated from Hakin towards the end of the 18th century, although this ceased in the early 19th century.[4] Between 1801 and 1803, the town and waterway were protected by temporary batteries at Hakin Point, in response to the perceived threat following the Fishguard Invasion.[5]

At a site on high ground in Hakin, Charles Francis Greville planned to build The College of King George the Third to study mathematics and navigation, whose centrepiece would be an observatory. Although the observatory was built, and scientific instruments delivered, the college never functioned as such[4] as after the death of Greville in 1809 the whole project was abandoned. The remains of the observatory still stand and are grade II* listed.[6]

By 1849, the district of Hakin was described as a considerable centre of boat building, with approximately 200 "shipwrights residing at that place".[3] However until the construction of a bridge linking the populations of Hakin and Milford, access to the district was via a plank across Hubberston Pill, and Hakin was considered something of a poor relation to the main town.[2] Point Street, formerly Store Street, was the busy hub of the community, characterized by numerous public houses, stores to service the maritime trade, and prostitution.[2] The completion of the Milford Docks in 1888 radically altered the Hakin landscape.

Whereas Hubberston grew up around St David's church and Hubberston Green, Hakin evolved around Hakin Point and Point Street.[2] With the construction of council housing in the interwar period, the division between the two districts became less clear. An initial building phase included prefabs in Nelson Avenue, Harbour Way and Observatory Avenue, although these were later replaced with more substantial properties.

Transport[edit]

Hakin is separated from Milford Haven by Hubberston Pill, a once tidal estuary. Access is via Victoria Bridge, which is reached via the A4076 through Milford Haven. A town circular bus service operates, providing access to Milford Haven.[7] The town is served by Milford Haven railway station. Hakin Dock railway station operated briefly from a location on the docks.[8]

Education[edit]

There are several primary schools in the town:

  • Hubberston VC School
  • Hakin Community School

The MITEC School of Boatbuilding & Marine Engineering, a branch of Pembrokeshire College, offers courses in boatbuilding and marine engineering. It is located in Milford Docks.[1]

Governance[edit]

The Milford Hakin electoral ward elects a councillor to Pembrokeshire County Council. Prior to 1996 the ward for elections to Dyfed County Council was simply called Hakin.[9]

Religion[edit]

Hakin identifies itself as almost exclusively Christian.[10] Places of worship within the town include:[11]

Anglican

  • St David's Hubberston
  • St Mary's, Hakin
  • Church of the Holy Spirit, Hakin [2]*Calvinistic Methodist Chapel, Hakin
  • Rehoboth Calvinistic Methodist Chapel, Hakin

Roman Catholic

  • St Claires, Hakin (Closed and Demolished 2000)

United Reformed Church

  • Hakin Point

Sport and leisure[edit]

The town possesses a number of venues for sports and leisure. There are local rugby[12] and football[13] clubs. Nautical activities centre around the marina and Pembrokeshire Yacht Club, which is located in Gellyswick. There is a golf club on the outskirts of the town, which was founded in 1913.[14]

The town has two public houses, the "Avondale Hotel" public house in Hill Street and the "Three Crowns" public house in Hubberston Terrace

Images of Hakin

References[edit]

  1. ^ KS01 Usual Resident Population: Census 2001 'Key Statistics for Urban Areas', Office For National Statistics
  2. ^ a b c d e f Hakin CP Junior School Hakin: A Pictorial History: Book 1, C.I.T Print Services, Haverfordwest, 1998. ASIN B0018LIPK2
  3. ^ a b A Topographical Dictionary of Wales Lewis, Samuel (1849) pp. 430-440
  4. ^ a b Wing Commander Ken McKay A Vision Of Greatness: The History of Milford 1790-1990, Brace Harvatt Associates, 1989. ISBN 978-0-9515212-0-5
  5. ^ Phillips, Benjamin A Pembrokeshire's Forts & Military Airfields 1535 - 2010, Logaston Press, 2013 ISBN 9781906663735
  6. ^ "The Observatory,picton Road,hakin, Milford Haven". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 30 December 2013.
  7. ^ Bus Routes - South West Pembrokeshire Archived 2011-07-20 at the Wayback Machine. Pembrokeshire County Council Website
  8. ^ Parker, Richard, The Railways of Pembrokeshire, Noodle Books, 2008. ISBN 978-1-906419-07-3
  9. ^ The County of Dyfed (Electoral Arrangements) Order 1988. legislation.gov.uk. Statutory Instruments. 1988. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  10. ^ Neighbourhood Statistics Milford: Hakin (Ward) Government 2001 Census Statistics - Religion
  11. ^ Milford Haven Town Council website Archived 2009-09-06 at the Wayback Machine. Worship
  12. ^ Milford Haven Rugby Football Club
  13. ^ Milford Haven AFC
  14. ^ Club History Archived 2009-07-27 at the Wayback Machine. Milford Haven Golf Club

External links[edit]