Camp Halleck and landscape in 1871
|Elevation||5,230 ft (1,590 m)|
|Time zone||Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC-7)|
|GNIS feature ID||845498|
|Official name||Fort Halleck Site (1867-1886)|
Halleck lies at the interchange of Interstate 80 and State Route 229 northeast of the city of Elko. Its elevation is 5,230 feet (1,590 m). The community is part of the Elko Micropolitan Statistical Area.
The community's name originates from Camp Halleck, established July 26, 1867 (1867-1879) by the U. S. Army, to protect the California Trail and the construction workers of the Central Pacific Railroad. It was named for Major General Henry Wager Halleck. It then became Fort Halleck (1879-1886).
Halleck came into being in 1869 when the Central Pacific Railroad was completed through the future townsite that immediately became the shipping point for supplies destined for Fort Halleck. During 1869, the town had erected two hotels and one saloon. The saloon catered to soldiers stationed at Fort Halleck. A store and a school were opened in 1874. The school remained open until the 1950s. By 1875, the population had grown to fifty and by 1900 had risen to 126.
At the time Halleck had twenty-six buildings and numerous businesses flourished. However, with the abandonment of Fort Halleck in 1886, the town had to rely on ranching and ranchers to survive. But the town was slowly dying as small ranches were bought by larger properties and combined into corporate operations. The Halleck post office continues to operate from one of the two remaining buildings in town as it serves the many local ranches.
- The Road Atlas '08. Chicago: Rand McNally, 2008, p. 64.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Halleck, Nevada, Geographic Names Information System, 1980-12-12. Accessed 2008-02-27.
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- Federal Writers' Project (1941). Origin of Place Names: Nevada (PDF). W.P.A. p. 24.