|Born||16 February 1940|
|Died||2 October 1979 (aged 39)|
|Cause of death||Cold, exhaustion|
Hannelore Schmatz (16 February 1940 – 2 October 1979) was a German mountaineer. She collapsed and died as she was returning from summiting Mount Everest via the southern route, the first woman and first German citizen to die on the upper slopes of Everest.
Schmatz was on an expedition via the South East Ridge route with her husband when she died at 8,300 metres (27,200 ft). Gerhard Schmatz was the expedition leader, 50 years of age at the time and the oldest man to summit Everest. On the same expedition was the American Ray Genet, who also died while descending from the summit. Exhausted from the climb, they had stopped to bivouac as the night approached, despite the fact that their Sherpa guides had urged them not to. Ray Genet died later that night and both the Sherpa and Schmatz were distressed, but decided to continue their descent. It has been widely reported that at one point Schmatz wanted to rest and she died in her sleep, though this is untrue. At the height of 8,300m Schmatz sat down and said "Water, Water" to her Sherpa and died. Sungdare Sherpa, one of the Sherpa guides remained with her body, and as a result, lost most of his fingers and toes.
Genet's body ultimately disappeared under the snow, but Schmatz's body was swept further down the mountain.
For years, Schmatz's remains could be seen by anyone attempting to summit Everest by the southern route. Her body was frozen in a sitting position, leaning against her backpack with eyes open and hair blowing in the wind, about 100 metres above Camp IV.
Lene Gammelgaard, the first Scandinavian woman to reach the peak of Everest, quotes the Norwegian mountaineer and expedition leader Arne Næss, Jr. describing his encounter with Schmatz's remains, in her book Climbing High: A Woman's Account of Surviving the Everest Tragedy (1999), which recounts her own 1996 expedition.
- "Everest summiter Hannelore Schmatz". Everest News. Retrieved 2008-04-08.
- Joe Simpson (1997). Dark shadows falling. The Mountaineers Books. pp. 119–. ISBN 978-0-89886-549-3. Retrieved 7 April 2013.
- Gammelgaard, Lene. "Climbing High: A Woman's Account of Surviving the Everest Tragedy". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-04-08.
- Salkeld, Audrey (1996-05-09). "Report from Base Camp". PBS. Retrieved 2008-04-08.
- "2 Nepalese Mountaineers Die Looking for Body on Everest". The New York Times. 1984-10-29. Retrieved 2008-04-08.
- Gammelgaard, Lene (1999). Climbing High: A Woman's Account of Surviving the Everest Tragedy.
- David Breashears (1 May 1999). High exposure: an enduring passion for Everest and unforgiving places. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0-684-85361-1. Retrieved 7 April 2013.