Hari Kishan Kaul

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Raja Hari Kishan Kaul (1869–25 January 1942)[1] was an Indian politician who was Prime Minister of Jammu and Kashmir from 1931 to 1932.


Kaul was born in Srinagar, Kashmir, into a long-established and distinguished Kashmiri family. Kaul's father was Raja Suraj Kaul; his brothers included Raja Sir Daya Kishan Kaul.[2] He studied at the school of his native city and then specialized in law at the University of Delhi.

After qualifying, Kaul practised law in Lahore, where in 1911 he was responsible for the production of the authoritative Census of the Punjab.[3] Kaul was later sent to the Bengal Supreme Court. In 1923 he moved into public administration as High Commissioner in Jalandhar. In 1931 Kaul returned to Jammu and Kashmir as Prime Minister, appointed by Maharaja Hari Singh, a post he held only until 1932.[4]

Kaul continued working for the government as an adviser in different areas, including military, cultural and diplomatic relations, until his retirement in 1939. He then returned to Srinagar, where he died in 1941.

In 1935 Kaul's son, Hari Krishen Kaul, was born, later to be an important Indian theatre director.


Kaul published a number of works not only in the fields of law and Kashmiri history but also of literature.


  1. ^ The Indian Review, 1942, vol. 43: obituary
  2. ^ L H Griffin, 1940:Chiefs and Families of Note in the Punjab
  3. ^ Harikishan Kaul: "Census of India : The Punjab". Vol. XIV. Lahore. Civil and Military Gazette Press 1912
  4. ^ Islam and Political Mobilization in Kashmir, 1931-34, Ian Copland, in Pacific Affairs, Vol. 54, No. 2 (Summer, 1981), pp. 228-259

External links[edit]

Published sources[edit]

  • The Indian Review, 1942, vol. 43, p. 161: obituary of Raja Hari Kishan Kaul
  • Griffin, Lepel Henry, 1940:Chiefs and Families of Note in the Punjab, vol. 3, p. 90
  • Rao, R Venkoba, 1928:Ministers in Indian States, vol. 1, p. 71
  • Suharwardy, Abdul Haq, 1983: Tragedy in Kashmir