Hatakeyama clan

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Hatakeyama clan
畠山氏
Ashikaga mon.svg
Home provinceYamashiro
Parent houseTaira clan (original line)
Ashikaga clan (restored line)
Cadet branchesNihonmatsu clan

The Hatakeyama clan (Japanese: 畠山氏, Hepburn: Hatakeyama-shi) was a Japanese samurai clan. Originally a branch of the Taira clan and descended from Taira no Takamochi, they fell victim to political intrigue in 1205, when Hatakeyama Shigeyasu, first, and his father Shigetada later were killed in battle by Hōjō forces in Kamakura. After 1205 the Hatakeyama came to be descendants of the Ashikaga clan, who were in turn descended from Emperor Seiwa (850–880) and the Seiwa Genji branch of the Minamoto clan.

History[edit]

The first family being extinct in 1205, Ashikaga Yoshizumi, son of Ashikaga Yoshikane, was chosen by Hōjō Tokimasa to revive the name of Hatakeyama. He married Tokimasa's daughter, the widow of Hatakeyama Shigeyasu (the last Hatakeyama of the first branch), and inherited the domains of the Hatakeyama (1205). Thus the new family descended from the Minamoto (Seiwa Genji).[citation needed]

The clan was an ally of the Ashikaga shogunate against the (Imperial) Southern Court during the wars of the Nanboku-chō period, and was rewarded by the shogunate with the hereditary position of shugo (Governor) of the provinces of Yamashiro, Kii, Kawachi, Etchū, and Noto, at the end of the 14th century.[citation needed] During the 15th century, the members of the Hatakeyama clan held, although not exclusively, the title of kanrei (Shogun's Deputy), holding great influence over the Imperial Court at Kyoto. Around 1450, there was a split in the clan, and the internal conflict weakened the clan as a whole, causing it to lose the position of kanrei to the Hosokawa clan. This split began with a feud between Hatakeyama Masanaga and Hatakeyama Yoshinari over succession to the position; it quickly grew, as each side gained allies, and was one of the sparks that ignited the Ōnin War.[1]

Nevertheless, the Hatakeyama maintained enough strength and unity to become some of Oda Nobunaga's chief adversaries in Kyoto, a hundred years later.[citation needed]

Sengoku period[edit]

By the time of the Sengoku period, the Hatakeyama clan had split into many scattered branches. The most notable of these resided in Kawachi, Mutsu, and Noto provinces.[1]

The Kawachi-Hatakeyama were split into two main rival branches descended from Hatakeyama Masanaga and Hatakeyama Yoshinari. The Mutsu-Hatakeyama held Nihonmatsu Castle saw its power gradually diminish over the course of the Sengoku period, becoming vassals of the Ashina clan.[1]

The Mutsu-Hatakeyama frequently clashed with the Date clan until they were largely destroyed by Date Masamune in 1586 following the Battle of Hitotoribashi.[1]

The Noto-Hatakeyama were based at Nanao Castle and fell from power as an independent house in the 1570s due to internal strife.[1]

Selected clan members of note[edit]

Known retainers of the Hatakeyama clan[edit]

Clan castles[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Seal, F.W.; West, C.E. (February 28, 2007). "Hatakeyama Clan". Sengoku Biographical Dictionary. Open Publishing. Retrieved December 25, 2017.
  2. ^ Ehara, Tadashi (2011). Shogun & Daimyo: Military Dictators of Samurai Japan (1st ed.). Different Worlds Publications. pp. 179–182. ISBN 9780975399958.

Sources[edit]

  • Sansom, George (1961). A History of Japan 1334–1615. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press.