Ashikaga clan

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Ashikaga clan
足利氏
Ashikaga mon.svg
Ashikaga Futatsubiki (足利二つ引き), the Ashikaga family crest
Parent houseSeiwa Genji (Minamoto clan)
TitlesVarious
FounderMinamoto no Yoshiyasu (Ashikaga Yoshiyasu)
Final rulerAshikaga Yoshiaki
Ruled until1573, Ashikaga shogunate deposed by Oda Nobunaga
Cadet branchesHosokawa clan
Imagawa clan
Hatakeyama clan (restored line)
Kira clan
Shiba clan
Hachisuka clan
others

The Ashikaga clan (足利氏, Ashikaga-shi) was a prominent Japanese samurai clan which established the Muromachi shogunate and ruled Japan from roughly 1333[1] to 1573.[2]

The Ashikaga were descended from a branch of the Minamoto clan, deriving originally from the town of Ashikaga in Shimotsuke province (modern-day Tochigi prefecture).

For about a century the clan was divided in two rival branches, the Kantō Ashikaga, who ruled from Kamakura, and the Kyōto Ashikaga, rulers of Japan. The rivalry ended with the defeat of the first in 1439. The clan had many notable branch clans, including the Hosokawa,[citation needed] Imagawa,[citation needed] Hatakeyama[citation needed] (after 1205), Kira[citation needed], Shiba,[citation needed] and Hachisuka clans.[citation needed] After the head family of the Minamoto clan died out during the early Kamakura period, the Ashikaga came to style themselves as the head of the Minamoto, coopting the prestige which came with that name.

Another Ashikaga clan, not related by blood, and derived instead from the Fujiwara clan, also existed.

Clan heads[edit]

Shōguns[edit]

Notable[edit]

Family tree[edit]

Picture of the genealogy of the Ashikaga.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "...Ashikaga (1333-1572)" Warrior Rule in Japan, page 11. Cambridge University Press.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Ashikaga" in Japan Encyclopedia, pp. 53-57, p. 53, at Google Books; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File[permanent dead link].
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Yoshiyasu" at p. 57., p. 57, at Google Books
  4. ^ Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Yoshikane" at p. 56., p. 56, at Google Books
  5. ^ Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Takauji" at p. 55., p. 55, at Google Books
  6. ^ Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Yoshiakira" at p. 55., p. 55, at Google Books
  7. ^ Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Yoshimitsu" at p. 56., p. 56, at Google Books
  8. ^ Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Yoshimochi" at p. 56., p. 56, at Google Books
  9. ^ Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Yoshikazu" at p. 56., p. 56, at Google Books
  10. ^ Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Yoshinori" at p. 56., p. 56, at Google Books
  11. ^ Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Yoshikatsu" at p. 56., p. 56, at Google Books
  12. ^ Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Yoshimasa" at p. 56., p. 56, at Google Books
  13. ^ Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Yoshihisa" at p. 56., p. 56, at Google Books
  14. ^ Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Yoshitane" at p. 57., p. 57, at Google Books
  15. ^ Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Yoshizumi" at p. 57., p. 57, at Google Books
  16. ^ Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Yoshiharu" at p. 55., p. 55, at Google Books
  17. ^ Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Yoshiteru" at p. 57., p. 57, at Google Books
  18. ^ Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Yoshihide" at p. 56., p. 56, at Google Books
  19. ^ Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Yoshiaki" at p. 55., p. 55, at Google Books
  20. ^ Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Chachamaru" at p. 54., p. 54, at Google Books
  21. ^ Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Masatomo" at p. 54., p. 54, at Google Books
  22. ^ Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Mitsukane" at p. 54., p. 54, at Google Books
  23. ^ Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Mochiuji" at p. 54., p. 54, at Google Books
  24. ^ Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Motouji" at p. 54., p. 54, at Google Books
  25. ^ Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Shigeuji" at pp. 54-55., p. 54, at Google Books
  26. ^ Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Tadafuyu" at p. 55., p. 55, at Google Books
  27. ^ Sansom, George (1961). A History of Japan, 1334-1615. Stanford University Press. pp. 81–82, 90–91, 95, 97. ISBN 0804705259.
  28. ^ Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Tadayoshi" at p. 55., p. 55, at Google Books
  29. ^ Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Ujimitsu" at p. 55., p. 55, at Google Books
  30. ^ Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Yoshimi" at p. 56., p. 56, at Google Books

References[edit]