Haul truck

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Haul truck in Quebec, Canada, with people for scale

Haul trucks are off-highway, rigid dump trucks specifically engineered for use in high-production mining and heavy-duty construction environments.


Most haul trucks have a two-axle design, but two very well known models from the 1970s, the 350T Terex Titan and 235T Wabco 3200/B, had three axles. [1] Haul truck capacities range from 40 short tons (36 t) to 496 short tons (450 t).

Large quarry-sized trucks range from 40 to 100 tons. A good example of this is the Caterpillar 775 (rated at 70 short tons (64 t)).[2] Quarry operations are typically smaller than, say, a gold/copper mine, and require smaller trucks.

Ultra class[edit]

Liebherr T 282B ultra class haul truck.

The largest, highest-payload-capacity haul trucks are referred to as ultra class trucks. The ultra class includes all haul trucks with a payload capacity of 300 short tons (272 t) or greater.[3] As of October 2013, the BelAZ 75710 has the highest payload capacity, 450 metric tons.[4]


some very large trucks
image model manufacturer first
capacity propulsion type notes
Stamps of Belarus, 2015-04.jpg BelAZ 75710 BelAZ 496 short tons (450,000 kg) diesel-electric hybrid
  • Employs 8 tires, on two axles, with all-wheel drive, and all-wheel steering.
Liebherr t282 1.jpg Liebherr T 282B Liebherr 400 short tons (360,000 kg) diesel-electric hybrid
Bucyrus MT6300AC Bucyrus International 400 short tons (360,000 kg) diesel-electric hybrid
  • Firm was acquired by Caterpillar in 2010.
Komatsu 980E-4 Komatsu Limited 400 short tons (360,000 kg) diesel-electric hybrid
Caterpillar 797 Truck2.jpg Caterpillar 797 Caterpillar 360 short tons (330,000 kg) diesel-mechanical
Komatsu 960E-1 Komatsu Limited 360 short tons (330,000 kg) diesel-electric hybrid
BelAZ 75600.JPG Belaz 75600 BelAZ 350 short tons (320,000 kg) diesel-electric hybrid
Caterpillar haul truck, Luminant Energy Kosse lignite mine (5556779421).jpg Caterpillar 785 Caterpillar
KOMATSU 930E-2.JPG Komatsu 930E Komatsu Limited 320 short tons (290,000 kg) diesel-electric hybrid
Komatsu 830E Komatsu Limited 255 short tons (231,000 kg) diesel-electric hybrid
DAC 120 DE Diesel Auto Camion 15 120 short tons (110,000 kg) diesel-electric hybrid
SparTitanFr.JPG Terex 33-19 "Titan" 1973 1 350 short tons (320,000 kg) diesel-mechanical
Liebherr T284

See also[edit]



  • Orleman, Eric C. (2000-11-10). Johnson, Paul, ed. Building Giant Earthmovers. Motorbooks Colortech. United State of America: MBI Publishing Company. ISBN 978-0-7603-0640-6. Retrieved 2010-03-02. The ultra-hauler class includes trucks with a capacity rating of 300 tons and above. 
  • "Off-Highway Trucks from Caterpillar". Caterpillar Website. Caterpillar Inc. 2009. Archived from the original on 2009-10-21. Retrieved 2009-10-21. Developed specifically for high production mining and heavy-duty construction applications ...