Heathrow Junction railway station

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Heathrow Junction
Heathrow junction.jpg
The station in 1998
Location London Heathrow Airport
Local authority London Borough of Hillingdon
Owner Heathrow Express
Number of platforms 1
Key dates
19 January 1998 (1998-01-19) Opened
22 June 1998 (1998-06-22) Closed
Replaced by Heathrow Terminals 1, 2 and 3
Other information
Lists of stations
Underground sign at Westminster.jpg London Transport portal

Heathrow Junction was a short-lived railway station built to serve London Heathrow Airport in the United Kingdom.

Heathrow area rail services
mi 
Crossrail (under construction)
London Underground Circle line (London Underground)Hammersmith & City LineBakerloo LineCircle line (London Underground)District Line
0 Paddington enlarge… National Rail London Underground
Heathrow Connect
Heathrow Express
Acton Main Line starts 2019
London Underground Central line (London Underground)District Line
5⅝ Ealing Broadway National Rail London Underground
West Ealing National Rail
Hanwell National Rail
9 Southall National Rail
10⅞ Hayes & Harlington National Rail
London Underground Piccadilly Line
11⅛ Airport Junction
Great Western Main Line
to Slough and Reading
Hatton Cross London Underground
Heathrow Junction closed 1998
London Heathrow Airport Heathrow Airport:
Terminal 4London Underground Airport interchange
16⅜ Terminal 4(
shuttle from
Heathrow C.
) Airport interchange
Terminals 2 & 3 London Underground BSicon BUS.svg Airport interchange
14½ Heathrow Central BSicon BUS.svg Airport interchange
16¼ Terminal 5 London Underground BSicon BUS.svg Airport interchange
Western Rail Approach (proposed)

History[edit]

Between 1988 and 1998, the Heathrow Express shuttle service was built to connect Paddington station to Heathrow Airport. A new spur was built from the existing Great Western Main Line to the airport, running mostly in tunnel.[1] To save costs, the tunnel was built using the New Austrian Tunnelling Method (NATM). Unfortunately, the construction was not a success, and in 1994 parts of the not-yet-opened tunnels near the airport collapsed.[2]

The collapse not only delayed the finishing of the railway tunnel beneath the airport but caused the suspension of Piccadilly line services to the airport. With no rail service, a decision was made to open a temporary surface-level station at the edge of the airport whilst construction continued. The line to the new station followed the route of a long-disused canal known as "Broad's Dock".[3] Heathrow Junction station was situated in Stockley Park, slightly to the north of the airport. Class 332 trains (branded as "Heathrow Fast Train") carried passengers from Paddington to Heathrow Junction (a journey of 12 minutes), and a fleet of shuttle buses carried the passengers the remaining distance to the airport.[4]

On 23 June 1998 Heathrow Express service commenced to Heathrow Terminals 1, 2 and 3 railway station and Heathrow Terminal 4 railway station. Trains no longer called at Heathrow Junction, and within ten days the track leading to the station had been dismantled.[1]

Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
Disused railways
Paddington   Heathrow Express   Terminus

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Connor, J.E. (2000). GWR Disused Stations in Greater London. Colchester: Connor & Butler. p. 68. ISBN 0-947699-31-7. 
  2. ^ Barakat, Dr M. "Ground Movement & Structures Response Due to Tunnelling". Imperial College London Faculty of Engineering. Retrieved 2007-05-29. 
  3. ^ Carr, Bob (May 1998). "Heathrow Junction to Close". Greater London Industrial Archaeology Society. Retrieved 2007-05-29. 
  4. ^ "New Heathrow Service From Central London". New York Times. 1998-02-22. 

Coordinates: 51°30′12″N 0°26′57″W / 51.5033°N 0.4491°W / 51.5033; -0.4491