Heiligengrabe

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Heiligengrabe
Church in Grabow
Church in Grabow
Coat of arms of Heiligengrabe
Coat of arms
Heiligengrabe   is located in Germany
Heiligengrabe
Heiligengrabe
Coordinates: 53°09′N 12°21′E / 53.150°N 12.350°E / 53.150; 12.350Coordinates: 53°09′N 12°21′E / 53.150°N 12.350°E / 53.150; 12.350
Country Germany
State Brandenburg
District Ostprignitz-Ruppin
Government
 • Mayor Egmont Hamelow (Wählergruppe Heiligengraber Land)
Area
 • Total 232.30 km2 (89.69 sq mi)
Elevation 75 m (246 ft)
Population (2015-12-31)[1]
 • Total 4,441
 • Density 19/km2 (50/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 16909
Dialling codes 033962
Vehicle registration OPR
Website www.heiligengrabe.de

Heiligengrabe is a municipality in the Ostprignitz-Ruppin district, in Brandenburg, Germany.

Geography[edit]

The municipality counts 13 villages (Ortsteil): Blandikow, Blesendorf, Blumenthal, Grabow bei Blumenthal, Herzsprung, Jabel, Königsberg, Liebenthal, Maulbeerwalde, Papenbruch, Rosenwinkel, Wernikow and Zaatzke.

Architecture[edit]

Herb garden, Convent building and Blood Chapel

Abbey[edit]

Heiligengrabe Abbey (literally in English: Holy Sepulchre; formerly also known as Techow) was founded here as a Cistercian nunnery in 1289 by Heinrich, Bishop of Havelberg and the Margrave Otto of Brandenburg, initially for 12 nuns. It held an important relic in the form of a Bleeding Host which, so it was said, had been violated in a host desecration by a Jew.

The nunnery acquired considerable wealth and estates in the area, partly through the revenue from pilgrims to the Bleeding Host, and partly through donations from the noble families round about, especially when one of their daughters entered the convent. Among the nuns of local great houses were members of the families Gans zu Putlitz, von Quitzow, von Rohr, von Winterfeld and von Blumenthal. Some of the abbesses were great characters. The Abbess Henriette von Winterfeldt had a quarrel with the Duke of Mecklenburg, who refused to pay a debt to the abbey. So she borrowed a large artillery piece and declared war on Mecklenburg, bombarding it across the nearby frontier. At the time of the Lutheran Reformation, Abbess Anna von Quitzow would have nothing to do with the new denomination, and refused to pay tax.

After the Reformation the prior function of the nunnery, to provide sustenance for unmarried women mostly from local noble families, wasn't to be given up with its secularisation. So the formerly Roman Catholic nunnery turned into a Lutheran women's convent (German: das Stift, more particular: Damenstift (German), literally in English: Ladies' foundation), with its conventuals now called secular canonesses (Stiftsdamen). The canonesses of nobility were obliged to show sixteen quarterings in their arms before being permitted to enter.

Other infrastructures[edit]

In Heiligengrabe is the Blumenthal Observation Tower.

Demography[edit]

Heiligengrabe:
Population development within the current boundaries (2013)
[2]
Year Population
1875 6 413
1890 6 295
1910 6 135
1925 6 314
1933 6 291
1939 6 029
1946 9 890
1950 9 659
1964 7 201
1971 6 783
Year Population
1981 5 817
1985 5 624
1989 5 585
1990 5 534
1991 5 414
1992 5 310
1993 5 279
1994 5 346
1995 5 245
1996 5 251
Year Population
1997 5 306
1998 5 348
1999 5 349
2000 5 335
2001 5 295
2002 5 283
2003 5 227
2004 5 190
2005 5 087
2006 5 046
Year Population
2007 4 968
2008 4 862
2009 4 756
2010 4 693
2011 4 603
2012 4 510
2013 4 505
2014 4 480
2015 4 441

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Heiligengrabe at Wikimedia Commons