|This article does not cite any references (sources). (July 2009)|
|Inhabitants:||12,219 (Heimdal proper)
27,388 (Heimdal area)
Heimdal is the southernmost borough in Trondheim, Norway named after the god Heimdall in Norse mythology. The area has been continuously inhabited since at least the Iron Age, and is rich in archaeological sites.
The area around the railway station was until 1964 the center of two separate local municipalities, Tiller and Leinstrand. The western part of Heimdal consists of the rural areas of Byneset, also a separate municipality until 1964. The eastern part of Heimdal, Tillerbyen, is a recent development, planned to ease the pressure on central Trondheim from the commercial boom in the city.
History of Tillerbyen
The area where Tillerbyen has been built was initially swamp, but it was drained in the 1930s as an airport was planned here. The German invaders of 1940 halted these plans, as they rather wanted an airport at Lade.
In 1963 the municipality of Trondheim bought the areas, and in 1966 they verified a development plan for a new tertiary and commercial hub that could lighten the development pressure on the crowded downtown areas.
These plans met much resistance; many politicians thought the development would be too hard to complete, as the soil was too wet and unstable to support large-scale development. Critics were proven wrong.
Ever since the first developments, the areas of Tillerbyen and Sjetnemarka have been one of the most booming parts of the city and still, large development projects are launched to meet the growing population pressure.
Heimdal proper is a traditional communication and trading center; the railway has connections to Sweden (Nabotåget, literally meaning the neighbour train), to Oslo and the south of Norway via Dovrebanen as well as to the north. Many buslines also connect here.
In addition to the large residential areas, Heimdal houses many of the city's leading enterprises and services. City Syd was at the time of its construction the largest shopping mall in the country and is still one of the most profitable shopping malls in Northern Europe, as it receives customers not only from the city, but from the surrounding countryside and neighbouring counties as well. Heimdal Stadion is a large sports complex with soccer and handball fields adjacent to the Breidablikk School. The headquarters of the local newspaper, Adresseavisen, is also located in Heimdal.
Heimdal is today a city within a city. The central areas of Tillerbyen resemble a typical western downtown area with high commercial structures, as opposed to the traditional downtown areas of Trondheim, which are dominated by old, two-storey buildings.