His styles reflected the decades when he was musically active: he played in the swing, bebop and cool styles. He developed renown internationally when he served as an ensemble-organizing point-man for visiting jazz performers from the United States.
Renaud moved to Paris in 1946, and established a career as a jazz pianist. He joined tenor-saxophonist Jean-Claude Fohrenbach's combo. During 1949 and 1950 he accompanied Don Byas, James Moody and Roy Eldridge. In 1952 he performed at various times with Lester Young, Sarah Vaughan and Clifford Brown.
American bebop trumpeter Brown made several recordings with Renaud. In 1954, Renaud visited the United States, where he recorded.
- Henri Renaud Trio, Sextet & All Stars (Vogue, 1953–55) with Jimmy Gourley, Pierre Michelot
- Jazz in Paris - Zoots Sims & Henri Renaud (Emarcy, 1952)
- Henri Renaud/Al Cohn Quartet (Emarcy)
- The Henri Renaud All Stars (1955)
- The 1954 Paris Sessions with Roy Haynes, René Thomas, Frank Foster
- Gigi Gryce et son Orchestre (Vogue, 1953)
- Clifford Brown: Quartet in Paris / Sextet in Paris (OJC, 1953)
- Jay Cameron: The Third Herdsman - The Vogue Sessions (Vogue, 1955)
- Al Cohn: The Birdlanders Vol.1 and Vol.2 (OJC, 1954)
- Bobby Jaspar: Bobby Jaspar/Henri Renaud (Vogue 1953-54) with Jimmy Gourley, Fats Sadi
- Lee Konitz: Lee Konitz Plays (Disques Vogue, 1953)
- Oscar Pettiford: Oscar Pettiford Sextet (Disques Vogue, 1954)
- Zoot Sims: Quartet & Sextet (Vogue, 1953)
- Lucky Thompson: Jazz in Paris - Modern Jazz Group (Emarcy, 1956)