Henry Hayes Lockwood

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Henry Hayes Lockwood
Henry Hayes Lockwood.jpg
Brig. Gen. Henry H. Lockwood
Born (1814-08-17)August 17, 1814
Kent County, Delaware
Died December 7, 1899(1899-12-07) (aged 85)
Georgetown, Washington, D.C.
Place of burial United States Naval Academy Cemetery, Annapolis, Maryland
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch United States Army
Union Army
Years of service 1836–1837, 1861–1865
Rank Union Army brigadier general rank insignia.svg Brigadier General
Commands held 1st Delaware Infantry
Lockwood's Brigade
Middle Department
Battles/wars American Civil War
Other work Professor
Commander of the
U.S. Naval Observatory

Henry Hayes Lockwood (August 17, 1814 – December 7, 1899) was an American soldier and authority on military tactics.

Early life[edit]

Lockwood was born in Camden Delaware Kent County, Delaware August 17, 1814 to prominent citizen of Camden William Kirkley Lockwood, born in 1786 and his wife, Mary. [1] Lockwood graduated from West Point in 1836. After serving for three years, he resigned from the Army and became a professor of mathematics at the U.S. Naval Academy in Annapolis.

Civil War[edit]

Lockwood entered the Union Army as colonel of the 1st Regiment Delaware Volunteer Infantry, was commissioned a brigadier general of volunteers on August 8, 1861, and served in the defenses of the lower Potomac River.On November 13, 1861 Lockwood was entrusted with command of Accomac and Northampton Counties of eastern shore of Virginia. [2]Lockwood wanted to adopt a pacification policy on the Virginia shore, therefore, he gave the rebels adequate time to retreat.[3] On July 23, 1862, Lockwood commandeered the Cessford property at Eastville, Virginia for his headquarters and used that residence intermittently throughout the war, protecting the crucial telegraph line from Hampton Roads across the Delmarva Peninsula.[4]

Gen. Lockwood commanded a brigade attached to XII Corps at the Battle of Gettysburg. His brigade was kept directly under corps headquarters during the battle, because the acting corps commander, Brig. Gen. Alpheus S. Williams, did not want an unknown officer commanding 1st Division just because he was senior of Brig. Gen.. Thomas H. Ruger. The brigade was absorbed into the division after Williams returned to that command and Maj. Gen. Henry W. Slocum resumed corps command. In the winter of 1863–64 Lockwood commanded the Middle Department, with headquarters at Baltimore, Maryland. Later he took part in the Richmond Campaign, briefly commanding a division in V Corps. His corps commander, Maj. Gen. Gouverneur K. Warren, sent the former academic back to the Middle Department because did not find Lockwood sufficiently competent for so high a rank.[5]

Postbellum career[edit]

After the war, Lockwood resumed his teaching at the U.S. Naval Academy. He commanded the U.S. Naval Observatory from 1870 to 1876 and retired from service on August 18, 1876. He died in Georgetown, D.C., and is buried at the U.S. Naval Academy Cemetery in Annapolis, Maryland.[6]

He was the author of Manual of Naval Batteries (1852) and Exercises in Small Arms and Field Artillery (1852).

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Ryan, Thomas J. (5 October 2012). "Civil War Profiles: Historic Camden had its share of heroes". Coastal Point. Retrieved 10 June 2017. 
  2. ^ Dix, John A. (13 November 1861). Proclamation to the people of Accomac and Northampton Counties, Va: The military forces of the United States are about to enter your counties as a part of the Union. Baltimore Maryland: Headquarters. p. 1. Retrieved 14 June 2017. 
  3. ^ Stump, B (25 July 2014). "War on the Shore: The forgotten regiment". Delmarva Now. Retrieved 14 June 2017. 
  4. ^ Jean M. Mihalyka and Mary C. Taylor (June 2003). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Cessford" (PDF). Virginia Department of Historic Resources. 
  5. ^ http://www.civilwar.com/?option=com_officialrecord&series=Series%20I&volume=Volume%20XXXVI&part=Part%20III&page=442
  6. ^ Eicher, p. 351.


"Lockwood, Henry Hayes" in Wikisource-logo.svg This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainGilman, D. C.; Peck, H. T.; Colby, F. M., eds. (1905). "article name needed". New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead. 
  • Eicher, John H., and Eicher, David J., Civil War High Commands, Stanford University Press, 2001, ISBN 0-8047-3641-3.
  • The Times. (Washington [D.C.]), 09 Dec. 1899. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. [1]

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