Hexalectris spicata

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Spiked crested coralroot
Hexalectris spicata.jpg
Scientific classification
H. spicata
Binomial name
Hexalectris spicata
(Walter) Barnhart
  • Arethusa spicata Walter
  • Corallorhiza spicata (Walter) Tidestr.
  • Bletia aphylla Nutt.
  • Hexalectris aphylla (Nutt.) Raf.
  • Hexalectris squamosa Raf.
  • Hexalectris aphylla (Nutt.) A.Gray
  • Hexalectris spicata f. albolabia P.M.Br.
  • Hexalectris spicata f. lutea P.M.Br.
  • Hexalectris spicata f. wilderi P.M.Br.

Hexalectris spicata (spiked crested coralroot)[2] is a terrestrial, myco-heterotrophic orchid lacking chlorophyll and subsisting entirely on nutrients obtained from mycorrhizal fungi in the soil. It is native to Arizona, New Mexico, Texas and Coahuila. It is closely related to H. arizonica and the two are sometimes considered varieties of the same species. Hexalectris spicata is endemic to the southern half of the United States from Arizona east to Florida and north to Maryland and the Ohio Valley.[1][3][4][5][6]


  1. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Hexalectris spicata
  2. ^ "Hexalectris spicata". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 14 May 2015.
  3. ^ Flora of North America v 26 p 604, Hexalectris spicata (Walter) Barnhart, Torreya. 4: 121. 1904.
  4. ^ Biota of North America Program, county distribution map, Hexalectris spicata (including H. arizonica)
  5. ^ Herkert, J.R. & Ebinger, J.E. (eds.) (2002). Endangered and Threatened Species of Illinois: status and distribution 1: 1-161. Endangered species protection board, Springfield, Illinois.
  6. ^ Kennedy, A.H. & Watson, L.E. (2010). Species deliminations and phylogenetic relationships within the fully myco-heterotrophic Hexalectris (Orchidaceae). Systematic Botany 35: 64-76.

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