Hippodamia (wife of Pirithous)
In Greek mythology, Hippodamia (//; Ancient Greek: Ἱπποδάμεια, from ἵππος hippos "horse" and δαμάζειν damazein "to tame"; also known as Deidamia (//; Ancient Greek: Δηιδάμεια), Laodamia //, Hippoboteia //, Dia // or Ischomache //), daughter of Atrax or Butes, was the bride of King Pirithous of the Lapiths. At their wedding, Hippodamia, the other female guests, and the young boys were almost abducted by the Centaurs. Pirithous and his friend, Theseus, led the Lapiths to victory over the Centaurs in a battle known as the Centauromachy. With Pirithous, she mothered Polypoetes, but died shortly after her son's birth.
The abduction of Hippodamia was not an uncommon subject of Western art in the classical tradition, including the sculpture The Abduction of Hippodameia by French artist Albert-Ernest Carrier-Belleuse and a painting by Rubens.
- Plutarch, Parallel lives: Theseus, 30. 3
- In a vase painting: Archäologische Zeitung 29. 159
- Scholia on Iliad, 1. 263
- Scholia on Shield of Heracles, 187
- Propertius, Elegies, 2. 2. 9
- Ovid, Heroides, 17. 248
- Diodorus Siculus, Library of History, 4. 70. 3
- Homer, Odyssey, 11. 630
- Ovid, Metamorphoses, 12. 224 ff
- Pausanias, Description of Greece, 5. 10. 8
- Homer, Iliad, 2. 740
- Diodorus Siculus, Library of History, 4. 63. 1
- Bulfinch, Thomas (2006). Bulfinch's Mythology the Age of Chivalry. Echo Library. p. 233. ISBN 1-84702-961-2.
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