Hiram Scofield

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Hiram Scofield
Hiram Schofield.jpg
Born (1830-07-01)July 1, 1830
Saratoga County, New York
Died December 30, 1906(1906-12-30) (aged 76)
Seattle, Washington
Allegiance United States of America
Union
Service/branch Union Army
Years of service 1861–1866
Rank Brigadier general
Unit 2nd Iowa Infantry
Commands held 8th Louisiana Regiment Infantry (African Descent)
47th Regiment Infantry U.S. Colored Troops
Battles/wars Battle of Fort Donelson
Battle of Shiloh
Battle of Vicksburg
Battle of Memphis
Battle of Fort Blakely

Hiram Scofield (July 1, 1830 – December 30, 1906) was a lawyer and Union Army officer during the American Civil War.[1] He entered the Army as a private in 1861 and was discharged as a brevet brigadier general in 1866.

Early life and career[edit]

Scofield was born in rural Saratoga County, New York. He attended Union College and graduated from Albany Law School in 1856. He established a law practice in Washington, Iowa, in 1858.

Civil War[edit]

Scofield enlisted as a private in the Union Army in April 1861 and was assigned to Company H of the 2nd Iowa Infantry. He was promoted to second and then to first lieutenant, taking command of the company in February 1862 at the time of the Battle of Fort Donelson. He was adjudant to Brig. Gen. Jacob G. Lauman at the Battle of Shiloh where Scofield was wounded in the leg. He returned to duty within a month. He was transferred to the staff of Brig. Gen. John McArthur at the Battle of Vicksburg and the Battle of Memphis.

In spring of 1863, Scofield organized and commanded the 8th Louisiana Regiment Infantry (African Descent) at Lake Providence, Louisiana. The regiment participated in the expedition up the Yazoo River.[2] In the spring of 1864, he was assigned to command the 2nd Brigade of Maj. Gen. Edward Canby's division. The regiment was transferred to Pensacola, Florida, and then participated in the Battle of Fort Blakely and the capture of Mobile, Alabama.[3] Scofield and his men thereafter were stationed in Louisiana and Texas.

He was discharged in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, on May 22, 1866, as a brigadier general.

Postbellum activities[edit]

After the Civil War, Scofield resumed his law practice in Iowa,[4] which he continued until his death in 1906 in Seattle, Washington.[1]

Hiram Scofield held "one of the largest private libraries in the nation. After his death his personal library was split between the cities of Washington and Wellman."[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Burrell, Howard A. (1909). History of Washington County, Iowa: From the First White Settlements to 1908. Also Biographical Sketches of Some Prominent Citizens of the County. S. J. Clarke Pub. Co. pp. 610–613. 
  2. ^ Myron J. Smith, Jr. (9 October 2012). The Fight for the Yazoo, August 1862-July 1864: Swamps, Forts and Fleets on Vicksburg's Northern Flank. McFarland. pp. 373–. ISBN 978-0-7864-9110-0. 
  3. ^ Chester G. Hearn. Mobile Bay and the Mobile Campaign: The Last Great Battles of the Civil War. McFarland. p. 217. ISBN 978-0-7864-6247-6. 
  4. ^ American Biographical Publishing Company (1901). The Bench and Bar of Iowa: Illustrated with Steel and Copper Engravings. American Biographical Publishing Company. pp. 338–. 
  5. ^ "Washington Public Library". Linkedin. 

External links[edit]