July 1, 1830|
Saratoga County, New York
|Died||December 30, 1906
|Allegiance||United States of America
|Years of service||1861–1866|
|Unit||2nd Iowa Infantry|
|Commands held||8th Louisiana Regiment Infantry (African Descent)
47th Regiment Infantry U.S. Colored Troops
|Battles/wars||Battle of Fort Donelson
Battle of Shiloh
Battle of Vicksburg
Battle of Memphis
Battle of Fort Blakely
Hiram Scofield (July 1, 1830 – December 30, 1906) was a lawyer and Union Army officer during the American Civil War. He entered the Army as a private in 1861 and was discharged as a brevet brigadier general in 1866.
Early life and career
Scofield enlisted as a private in the Union Army in April 1861 and was assigned to Company H of the 2nd Iowa Infantry. He was promoted to second and then to first lieutenant, taking command of the company in February 1862 at the time of the Battle of Fort Donelson. He was adjudant to Brig. Gen. Jacob G. Lauman at the Battle of Shiloh where Scofield was wounded in the leg. He returned to duty within a month. He was transferred to the staff of Brig. Gen. John McArthur at the Battle of Vicksburg and the Battle of Memphis.
In spring of 1863, Scofield organized and commanded the 8th Louisiana Regiment Infantry (African Descent) at Lake Providence, Louisiana. The regiment participated in the expedition up the Yazoo River. In the spring of 1864, he was assigned to command the 2nd Brigade of Maj. Gen. Edward Canby's division. The regiment was transferred to Pensacola, Florida, and then participated in the Battle of Fort Blakely and the capture of Mobile, Alabama. Scofield and his men thereafter were stationed in Louisiana and Texas.
He was discharged in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, on May 22, 1866, as a brigadier general.
Hiram Scofield held "one of the largest private libraries in the nation. After his death his personal library was split between the cities of Washington and Wellman."
- Burrell, Howard A. (1909). History of Washington County, Iowa: From the First White Settlements to 1908. Also Biographical Sketches of Some Prominent Citizens of the County. S. J. Clarke Pub. Co. pp. 610–613.
- Myron J. Smith, Jr. (9 October 2012). The Fight for the Yazoo, August 1862-July 1864: Swamps, Forts and Fleets on Vicksburg's Northern Flank. McFarland. pp. 373–. ISBN 978-0-7864-9110-0.
- Chester G. Hearn. Mobile Bay and the Mobile Campaign: The Last Great Battles of the Civil War. McFarland. p. 217. ISBN 978-0-7864-6247-6.
- American Biographical Publishing Company (1901). The Bench and Bar of Iowa: Illustrated with Steel and Copper Engravings. American Biographical Publishing Company. pp. 338–.
- "Washington Public Library". Linkedin.
- "Hiram Scofield". Find a Grave. Retrieved 14 October 2008.
- Inventory of the Hiram Scofield Papers, 1857-1906 (Newberry Library)