Holling C. Holling

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Holling Clancy Holling (born Holling Allison Clancy, August 2, 1900 – September 7, 1973) was an American author and illustrator, best known for the book Paddle-to-the-Sea, which was a Caldecott Honor Book in 1942. Paddle to the Sea won the Lewis Carroll Shelf Award in 1962. In 1966, Bill Mason directed the Oscar-nominated short film Paddle to the Sea, based on Holling's book, for the National Film Board of Canada.

Life and career[edit]

Born in Jackson County, Michigan, Holling graduated from the Art Institute of Chicago in 1923. A number of his early works were first published by P. F. Volland & Co. He worked in a taxidermy department of the Field Museum of Natural History in Chicago and spent time working in anthropology under Dr. Ralph Linton.

During this period, he married Lucille Webster and within a year of their marriage accepted a position as art instructor on the first University World Cruise, sponsored by New York University. For many years, Holling dedicated much of his time and interest to making books for children. Much of the material he used was known to him first hand, and his wife Lucille worked with him on many of the illustrations.[1]

Honors and awards[edit]

He was a runner-up for the Caldecott Medal in 1942 for Paddle-to-the-Sea. He received the Commonwealth Club of California Literature Award in 1948 for Seabird, which was also a runner-up for the Newbery Medal in 1949. He was a runner-up for the Newbery Medal again in 1952 for Minn of the Mississippi. With his wife Lucille, he received the Southern California Council on Literature Award in 1961 for Pagoo.[2]

Published works[edit]

The World Museum[edit]

Holling wrote and illustrated a full-page Sunday comic strip titled The World Museum. Each strip included a diorama which could be cut out and assembled into a 3-D scene of, for example, a buffalo hunt or an undersea panorama.


  1. ^ GF BF Books. Archived 2011-01-10 at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ Twentieth-Century Children's Writers. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1978. V. 78.


  • Gale Research Company, and Thomson Gale (Firm). Something About the Author. Detroit, MI: Gale Research, 1971. V. 15 & v.26.
  • Twentieth-Century Children's Writers. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1978. V. 78.

External links[edit]