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Caldecott Medal

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Caldecott Medal
Awarded for"the most distinguished American picture book for children"
CountryUnited States
Presented byAssociation for Library Service to Children, a division of the American Library Association
First awarded1938; 86 years ago (1938)

The Randolph Caldecott Medal, frequently shortened to just the Caldecott, annually recognizes the preceding year's "most distinguished American picture book for children". It is awarded to the illustrator by the Association for Library Service to Children (ALSC), a division of the American Library Association (ALA). The Caldecott and Newbery Medals are considered the most prestigious American children's book awards. Besides the Caldecott Medal, the committee awards a variable number of citations to runners-up they deem worthy, called the Caldecott Honor or Caldecott Honor Books.

The Caldecott Medal was first proposed by Frederic G. Melcher in 1937. The award was named after English illustrator Randolph Caldecott. Unchanged since its founding, the medal, which is given to every winner, features two of Caldecott's illustrations. The awarding process has changed several times over the years, including the use of the term "Honor" for the runner-ups beginning in 1971. There have been between one and five honor books named each year.

To be eligible for a Caldecott, the book must be published in English, in the United States first, and be drawn by an American illustrator. An award committee decides on a winner in January or February, voting using a multi-round point system. The committee judges books on several criteria to meet the Caldecott's goal of recognizing "distinguished illustrations in a picture book and for excellence of pictorial presentation for children."

Winning the award can lead to a substantial rise in books sold. It can also increase the prominence of illustrators. Illustrator and author Marcia Brown is the most recognized Caldecott illustrator, having won three medals and having six honor books. In recent years, there has been an increase in the number of minority characters and illustrators recognized. However, this is something which has fluctuated over the history of the award.


Grainy black and white picture of Melcher.
Frederic G. Melcher first proposed the idea for the Caldecott Award following the success of the Newbery Award.

The Caldecott was suggested in 1937 by Frederic G. Melcher, former editor of Publishers Weekly, following the establishment of the Newbery Medal in 1921.[1]: 1  The American Library Association adopted Melcher's suggestion of awarding a medal to the illustrator "who had created the most distinguished picture book of the year."[2] According to children's literature expert Leonard S. Marcus, the award helped draw American artists into the field of children's books.[3]

The award has been tweaked over the years, with the most recent changes in 2009. When the award was founded, books could be considered either for the Newbery or the Caldecott, with the same committee judging both awards. The committee noted other books of merit, which were frequently referred to as runner-ups. In 1971, these books were formally named Caldecott Honor books, with this name applied retroactively. In 1977, books became eligible for both awards and, beginning with the 1980 award, separate committees for each award were formed. Until 1958, a previous winner could win again only by unanimous vote of the committee, and it was only in 1963 when joint winners were first permitted.[1]: 2 


Illustration by Randolph Caldecott (1878) of The Diverting History of John Gilpin, basis of the medal's obverse

The award is named for Randolph Caldecott, a nineteenth-century English illustrator. Rene Paul Chambellan designed the Medal in 1937. The obverse scene is derived from Randolph Caldecott's front cover illustration for The Diverting History of John Gilpin (Routledge, 1878, an edition of the 1782 poem by William Cowper), which depicts John Gilpin astride a runaway horse.[2][4] The reverse is based on "Four and twenty blackbirds baked in a pie", one of Caldecott's illustrations for the nursery rhyme "Sing a Song of Sixpence".[4]

Each illustrator receives a bronze copy of the medal, which, despite being awarded by the Association for Library Service to Children (ALSC), lists Children's Librarian's Section, the original awarding group, for historical reasons.[1]: 3 [5]: 8 

Eligibility and criteria[edit]

Picture of Randolph Caldecott
Randolph Caldecott, for whom the medal is named, was an English artist and illustrator. Maurice Sendak said, "Caldecott's work heralds the beginning of the modern picture book."[6]

A picture book, according to the award criteria, provides "a visual experience. A picture book has a collective unity of storyline, theme, or concept, developed through the series of pictures" that constitute the book.[7] The Medal is "for distinguished illustrations in a picture book and for excellence of pictorial presentation for children".[7] Specifically, the illustrations are judged on their artistic technique, interpretation of the book's story and theme, the fit between the illustrations and the story and themes, the precision of depiction of elements of the book, like characters and mood, and how well the illustrations serve their targeted audience. Honor books need to fulfill the same criteria. The book must be self-contained, independent of other media for its enjoyment. Components other than illustration, including the book's text or overall design, may be considered as they affect the overall effectiveness of the book's illustrations.[7]

To be eligible for the Caldecott, the artist must be a US citizen or resident, the book must have been published in English, in the United States first, or simultaneously in other countries. Picture books for any audience up to the age of 14 may be considered.[7] In December 2019, children's literature expert Leonard S. Marcus suggested that the Caldecott had achieved its mission in the US and the award should be expanded so children's book illustrations from anywhere in the world be considered.[8]

Selection process[edit]

The committee that decides on the Caldecott Award winner comprises fifteen members of ALSC. Seven members are elected by the entire ALSC membership and eight, including the chairperson, are appointed by the ALSC President. Members are chosen based on their experience. Consideration is also done to ensure a diversity of libraries (e.g. public and school, small and large), and geographical areas are represented as well.[5]: 7  Publishers send copies of books to the committee; in 2009, each member received more than 700.[9] However, a book does not need to be sent to the committee to be considered.[5]: 27  Instead, to help identify possible contenders, committee members formally nominate seven books in three rounds over the year, and less formally recommend others.[9]

At ALSC's annual midwinter meeting, held in late January or early February, the committee will discuss the nominations and hold a vote on the winner.[5]: 8  When voting, committee members list their first place, second place, and third place selections. Each vote is assigned a point value, with first place votes receiving four points, second place three points, and third place two points. The winner must receive at least eight first place votes and be at least eight points ahead of the second-place finisher.[5]: 38  After a winner is selected, the committee can decide whether to award any honor books. They may be chosen from runner-ups to the winner, or be selected in a separate ballot.[5]: 39  The winner and honor books are kept secret until they are publicly announced, with the committee calling the winning illustrators the morning of the announcement.[5]: 40 

In 2015, K. T. Horning of the University of Wisconsin–Madison's Cooperative Children's Book Center proposed to ALSC that old discussions of the Newbery and Caldecott be made public in the service of researchers and historians.[10] This proposal was met with both support and criticism by former committee members and recognized authors.[11][12] As of 2020, no change has been made.

Impact and analysis[edit]

The Caldecott and Newbery awards have historically been considered the most important children's book awards.[13][14] Anita Silvey, children's book author, editor, and critic, suggests they might even be the most important book awards, saying that "no other award has the economic significance of the Newbery and Caldecott".[3] According to Silvey, a Caldecott winner can have sales increased from 2,000 to 100,000–200,000. Silvey also credits the Caldecott for helping to establish Bradbury Press and Roaring Brook Press as important publishers. It can also be an important recognition for authors. According to Leonard Marcus, Where the Wild Things Are's recognition brought its author and illustrator, Maurice Sendak, to national prominence.[3]

A 1999 study on the reading levels of Caldecott recipients suggested that most winners were written at the elementary age level, with the average reading level having decreased over time.[15] A 2007 study of Caldecott recipients found that the prevalence and importance of female characters had risen and fallen several times over the history of the Caldecott. It also found that, unlike recipients of the Pura Belpré Award and Coretta Scott King Award, the behaviors of male and female characters remained distinct and adhered to traditional gender norms.[16] A different 2007 study, by one of the same authors, also found an increase in the number of minority characters following a 1965 critique by Nancy Larrick, however the number of minorities had fallen by the 2000s.[17] In recent years, there has been an increase in the number of minority characters and illustrators recognized.[18][19] The Horn Book Magazine editor Martha Parravano has noted how rarely non-fiction books, especially non-fiction books about science, are recognized by the Caldecott.[20]


Illustrator Thomas Handforth
Thomas Handford won the second Caldecott for his book Mei Li, which was based on a girl he met in his travels.[21]
Authors and illustrators Ingri (left) and Edgar (right) Parin d'Aulaire
Ingri and Edgar Parin d'Aulaire, who won the third Caldecott Medal in 1940, worked together as a writing and illustrative team.
Illustrator Leo Politi with publisher Rob Wagner
Leo Politi (left), who won the Caldecott Medal and two honors, was called the Italian Dr. Seuss.[22]
1965 recipient Beni Montresor wrote operas and children's books the same, "I must astonish and amaze myself first, and if I do, then the spectator will react in the same way."[22]
Author and illustrator Van Allsburg in 2011.
Both of Chris Van Allsburg's Caldecott winners have been adapted into films.[23][24]
Illustrator Ed Young in 2013
Ed Young won the 1990 Caldecott Medal for his telling of the Chinese version of Little Red Riding Hood.
Illustrator David Macaulay in 2012.
Prior to winning the Medal in 1991, David Macaulay had been disappointed not to have been recognized with the Caldecott for his earlier works.[25]
Three time honoree Marla Frazee also wrote and illustrated Boss Baby.[26]
Caldecott winner Dan Santat turned down the chance to work full time for Google creating their Google Doodles so he could keep pursuing children book illustration.[27]
Brian Selznick's book The Invention of Hugo Cabret was the first novel to win the Caldecott.[28]: 74 
Mo Willems has been honored with other ALA awards including the Carnegie Medal for Excellence in Children's Video and the Geisel Award for his early readers.[29][30]
Jillian Tamaki's 2015 winner This One Summer was the first and, as of 2020, only graphic novel to win the Caldecott Honor.[31]
Patrick McDonnell mentioned Jane Goodall in his syndicated Mutts comicstrip. This attracted the Jane Goodall Institute's attention and eventually led to his 2012 honor book Me... Jane.[32]
Erin E. Stead (left) won the 2011 Caldecott for her very first book which was written by her husband, Phillip (right).[33]
Yuyi Morales was the first Latina Caldecott recipient in 2016.[33]
Last Stop on Market Street won its author, Matt de la Peña, a Newbery Medal while illustrator Christian Robinson (pictured) won a Caldecott Honor.[33]
Javaka Steptoe (pictured), 2017's winner, is the son of two-time honors winner John Steptoe.[33]
2015 Caldecott Honor recipient Mary GrandPré illustrated the covers and chapter illustrations for the United States editions of the Harry Potter books.[33]
Vashti Harrison, who won the 2024 Caldecott for her debut picture book Big, was the first African-American woman to win the award.
Winners and Honor Books[34]
Year Illustrator Book Award
1938 Dorothy P. Lathrop Animals of the Bible Winner
Robert Lawson Four and Twenty Blackbirds Honor
Boris Artzybasheff Seven Simeons: A Russian Tale Honor
1939 Thomas Handforth Mei Li Winner
James Daugherty Andy and the Lion Honor
Clare Turlay Newberry Barkis Honor
Laura Adams Armer The Forest Pool Honor
Wanda Gág Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs Honor
Robert Lawson Wee Gillis Honor
1940 Ingri and Edgar Parin d'Aulaire Abraham Lincoln Winner
Berta and Elmer Hader Cock-a-Doodle Doo Honor
Ludwig Bemelmans Madeline Honor
Lauren Ford The Ageless Story Honor
1941 Robert Lawson They Were Strong and Good Winner
Clare Turlay Newberry April's Kittens Honor
1942 Robert McCloskey Make Way for Ducklings Winner
Maud and Miska Petersham An American ABC Honor
Velino Herrera In My Mother's House Honor
Holling C. Holling Paddle-to-the-Sea Honor
Wanda Gág Nothing at All Honor
1943 Virginia Lee Burton The Little House Winner
Mary and Conrad Buff Dash and Dart Honor
Clare Turlay Newberry Marshmallow Honor
1944 Louis Slobodkin Many Moons Winner
Elizabeth Orton Jones Small Rain: Verses From The Bible Honor
Arnold E. Bare Pierre Pidgeon Honor
Berta and Elmer Hader The Mighty Hunter Honor
Jean Charlot A Child's Good Night Book Honor
Plato Chan The Good-Luck Horse Honor
1945 Elizabeth Orton Jones Prayer for a Child Winner
Tasha Tudor Mother Goose Honor
Marie Hall Ets In the Forest Honor
Marguerite de Angeli Yonie Wondernose Honor
Kate Seredy The Christmas Anna Angel Honor
1946 Maud and Miska Petersham The Rooster Crows Winner
Leonard Weisgard Little Lost Lamb Honor
Marjorie Torrey Sing Mother Goose Honor
Ruth Stiles Gannett My Mother Is the Most Beautiful Woman in the World Honor
Kurt Wiese You Can Write Chinese Honor
1947 Leonard Weisgard The Little Island Winner
Leonard Weisgard Rain Drop Splash Honor
Jay Hyde Barnum Boats on the River Honor
Tony Palazzo Timothy Turtle Honor
Leo Politi Pedro, the Angel of Olvera Street Honor
Marjorie Torrey Sing in Praise: A Collection of the Best Loved Hymns Honor
1948 Roger Duvoisin White Snow, Bright Snow Winner
Marcia Brown Stone Soup Honor
Dr. Seuss McElligot's Pool Honor
Georges Schreiber Bambino the Clown Honor
Hildegard Woodward Roger and the Fox Honor
Virginia Lee Burton Song of Robin Hood Honor
1949 Berta and Elmer Hader The Big Snow Winner
Robert McCloskey Blueberries for Sal Honor
Helen Stone All Around the Town Honor
Leo Politi Juanita Honor
Kurt Wiese Fish in the Air Honor
1950 Leo Politi Song of the Swallows Winner
Lynd Ward America's Ethan Allen Honor
Hildegard Woodward The Wild Birthday Cake Honor
Marc Simont The Happy Day Honor
Dr. Seuss Bartholomew and the Oobleck Honor
Marcia Brown Henry Fisherman Honor
1951 Katherine Milhous The Egg Tree Winner
Marcia Brown Dick Whittington and His Cat Honor
Nicholas Mordvinoff The Two Reds Honor
Dr. Seuss If I Ran the Zoo Honor
Helen Stone The Most Wonderful Doll in the World Honor
Clare Turlay Newberry T-Bone, the Baby Sitter Honor
1952 Nicholas Mordvinoff Finders Keepers Winner
Marie Hall Ets Mr. T. W. Anthony Woo Honor
Marcia Brown Skipper John's Cook Honor
Margaret Bloy Graham All Falling Down Honor
William Pène du Bois Bear Party Honor
Elizabeth Olds Feather Mountain Honor
1953 Lynd Ward The Biggest Bear Winner
Marcia Brown Puss in Boots Honor
Robert McCloskey One Morning in Maine Honor
Fritz Eichenberg Ape in a Cape: An Alphabet of Odd Animals Honor
Margaret Bloy Graham The Storm Book Honor
Juliet Kepes Five Little Monkeys Honor
1954 Ludwig Bemelmans Madeline's Rescue Winner
Robert McCloskey Journey Cake, Ho! Honor
Jean Charlot When Will the World Be Mine? Honor
Marcia Brown The Steadfast Tin Soldier Honor
Maurice Sendak A Very Special House Honor
A. Birnbaum Green Eyes Honor
1955 Marcia Brown Cinderella, or the Little Glass Slipper Winner
Marguerite de Angeli Book of Nursery and Mother Goose Rhymes Honor
Tibor Gergely Wheel on the Chimney Honor
Helen Sewell The Thanksgiving Story Honor
1956 Feodor Rojankovsky Frog Went A-Courtin' Winner
Marie Hall Ets Play With Me Honor
Taro Yashima Crow Boy Honor
1957 Marc Simont A Tree Is Nice Winner
Marie Hall Ets Mr. Penny's Race Horse Honor
Tasha Tudor 1 Is One Honor
Paul Galdone Anatole Honor
James Daugherty Gillespie and the Guards Honor
William Pène du Bois Lion Honor
1958 Robert McCloskey Time of Wonder Winner
Don Freeman Fly High, Fly Low Honor
Paul Galdone Anatole and the Cat Honor
1959 Barbara Cooney Chanticleer and the Fox Winner
Antonio Frasconi The House that Jack Built: La Maison Que Jacques A Batie Honor
Maurice Sendak What Do You Say, Dear? Honor
Taro Yashima Umbrella Honor
1960 Marie Hall Ets Nine Days to Christmas Winner
Adrienne Adams Houses from the Sea Honor
Maurice Sendak The Moon Jumpers Honor
1961 Nicolas Sidjakov Baboushka and the Three Kings Winner
Leo Lionni Inch by Inch Honor
1962 Marcia Brown Once a Mouse Winner
Peter Spier Fox Went out on a Chilly Night: An Old Song Honor
Maurice Sendak Little Bear's Visit Honor
Adrienne Adams The Day We Saw the Sun Come Up Honor
1963 Ezra Jack Keats The Snowy Day Winner
Bernarda Bryson The Sun Is a Golden Earring Honor
Maurice Sendak Mr. Rabbit and the Lovely Present Honor
1964 Maurice Sendak Where the Wild Things Are Winner
Leo Lionni Swimmy Honor
Evaline Ness All in the Morning Early Honor
Philip Reed Mother Goose and Nursery Rhymes Honor
1965 Beni Montresor May I Bring a Friend? Winner
Marvin Bileck Rain Makes Applesauce Honor
Blair Lent The Wave Honor
Evaline Ness A Pocketful of Cricket Honor
1966 Nonny Hogrogian Always Room for One More Winner
Roger Duvoisin Hide and Seek Fog Honor
Marie Hall Ets Just Me Honor
Evaline Ness Tom Tit Tot Honor
1967 Evaline Ness Sam, Bangs & Moonshine Winner
Ed Emberley One Wide River to Cross Honor
1968 Ed Emberley Drummer Hoff Winner
Leo Lionni Frederick Honor
Taro Yashima Seashore Story Honor
Ed Young The Emperor and the Kite Honor
1969 Uri Shulevitz The Fool of the World and the Flying Ship Winner
Blair Lent Why the Sun and the Moon Live in the Sky Honor
1970 William Steig Sylvester and the Magic Pebble Winner
Ezra Jack Keats Goggles! Honor
Leo Lionni Alexander and the Wind-Up Mouse Honor
Robert Andrew Parker Pop Corn & Ma Goodness Honor
Brinton Turkle Thy Friend, Obadiah Honor
Margot Zemach The Judge: An Untrue Tale Honor
1971 Gail E. Haley A Story a Story Winner
Blair Lent The Angry Moon Honor
Arnold Lobel Frog and Toad Are Friends Honor
Maurice Sendak In the Night Kitchen Honor
1972 Nonny Hogrogian One Fine Day Winner
Arnold Lobel Hildilid's Night Honor
Janina Domanska If All the Seas Were One Sea Honor
Tom Feelings Moja Means One: Swahili Counting Book Honor
1973 Blair Lent The Funny Little Woman Winner
Gerald McDermott Anansi the Spider: A Tale from the Ashanti Honor
Leonard Baskin Hosie's Alphabet Honor
Nancy Ekholm Burkert Snow-White and the Seven Dwarfs Honor
Tom Bahti When Clay Sings Honor
1974 Margot Zemach Duffy and the Devil Winner
Susan Jeffers Three Jovial Huntsmen Honor
David Macaulay Cathedral Honor
1975 Gerald McDermott Arrow to the Sun Winner
Tom Feelings Jambo Means Hello: A Swahili Alphabet Book Honor
1976 Leo and Diane Dillon Why Mosquitoes Buzz in People's Ears Winner
Peter Parnall The Desert Is Theirs Honor
Tomie dePaola Strega Nona Honor
1977 Leo and Diane Dillon Ashanti to Zulu: African Traditions Winner
William Steig The Amazing Bone Honor
Nonny Hogrogian The Contest Honor
M. B. Goffstein Fish for Supper Honor
Beverly Brodsky McDermott The Golem: A Jewish Legend Honor
Peter Parnall Hawk, I'm Your Brother Honor
1978 Peter Spier Noah's Ark Winner
David Macaulay Castle Honor
Margot Zemach It Could Always Be Worse Honor
1979 Paul Goble The Girl Who Loved Wild Horses Winner
Donald Crews Freight Train Honor
Peter Parnall The Way to Start a Day Honor
1980 Barbara Cooney Ox-Cart Man Winner
Rachel Isadora Ben's Trumpet Honor
Chris Van Allsburg The Garden of Abdul Gasazi Honor
Uri Shulevitz The Treasure Honor
1981 Arnold Lobel Fables Winner
Ilse Plume The Bremen-Town Musicians Honor
Molly Bang The Grey Lady and the Strawberry Snatcher Honor
Joseph Low Mice Twice Honor
Donald Crews Truck Honor
1982 Chris Van Allsburg Jumanji Winner
Stephen Gammell Where the Buffaloes Begin Honor
Anita Lobel On Market Street Honor
Maurice Sendak Outside Over There Honor
Alice and Martin Provensen A Visit to William Blake's Inn: Poems for Innocent and Experienced Travelers Honor
1983 Marcia Brown Shadow Winner
Vera B. Williams A Chair for My Mother Honor
Diane Goode When I Was Young in the Mountains Honor
1984 Alice and Martin Provensen The Glorious Flight: Across the Channel with Louis Bleriot Winner
Trina Schart Hyman Little Red Riding Hood Honor
Molly Bang Ten, Nine, Eight Honor
1985 Trina Schart Hyman Saint George and the Dragon Winner
Paul O. Zelinsky Hansel and Gretel Honor
Nancy Tafuri Have You Seen My Duckling? Honor
John Steptoe The Story of Jumping Mouse: A Native American Legend Honor
1986 Chris Van Allsburg The Polar Express Winner
Stephen Gammell The Relatives Came Honor
Don Wood King Bidgood's in the Bathtub Honor
1987 Richard Egielski Hey, Al Winner
Ann Grifalconi The Village of Round and Square Houses Honor
Suse MacDonald Alphabatics Honor
Paul O. Zelinsky Rumpelstiltskin Honor
1988 John Schoenherr Owl Moon Winner
John Steptoe Mufaro's Beautiful Daughters: An African Tale Honor
1989 Stephen Gammell Song and Dance Man Winner
Allen Say The Boy of the Three-Year Nap Honor
David Wiesner Free Fall Honor
James Marshall Goldilocks and the Three Bears Honor
Jerry Pinkney Mirandy and Brother Wind Honor
1990 Ed Young Lon Po Po: A Red-Riding Hood Story from China Winner
Bill Peet Bill Peet: An Autobiography Honor
Lois Ehlert Color Zoo Honor
Jerry Pinkney The Talking Eggs: A Folktale from the American South Honor
Trina Schart Hyman Hershel and the Hanukkah Goblins Honor
1991 David Macaulay Black and White Winner
Fred Marcellino Puss in Boots Honor
Vera B. Williams "More More More," Said the Baby: Three Love Stories Honor
1992 David Wiesner Tuesday Winner
Faith Ringgold Tar Beach Honor
1993 Emily Arnold McCully Mirette on the High Wire Winner
Lane Smith The Stinky Cheese Man and Other Fairly Stupid Tales Honor
Ed Young Seven Blind Mice Honor
Carole Byard Working Cotton Honor
1994 Allen Say Grandfather's Journey Winner
Ted Lewin Peppe the Lamplighter Honor
Denise Fleming In the Small, Small Pond Honor
Gerald McDermott Raven: A Trickster Tale From The Pacific Northwest Honor
Kevin Henkes Owen Honor
Chris Raschka Yo! Yes? Honor
1995 David Diaz Smoky Night Winner
Jerry Pinkney John Henry Honor
Paul O. Zelinsky Swamp Angel Honor
Eric Rohmann Time Flies Honor
1996 Peggy Rathmann Officer Buckle and Gloria Winner
Stephen T. Johnson Alphabet City Honor
Marjorie Priceman Zin! Zin! Zin! a Violin Honor
Brian Pinkney The Faithful Friend Honor
Janet Stevens Tops & Bottoms Honor
1997 David Wisniewski Golem Winner
Holly Meade Hush!: A Thai Lullaby Honor
David Pelletier The Graphic Alphabet Honor
Dav Pilkey The Paperboy Honor
Peter Sís Starry Messenger Honor
1998 Paul O. Zelinsky Rapunzel Winner
David Small The Gardener Honor
Christopher Myers Harlem Honor
Simms Taback There Was an Old Lady Who Swallowed a Fly Honor
1999 Mary Azarian Snowflake Bentley Winner
Brian Pinkney Duke Ellington: The Piano Prince and His Orchestra Honor
David Shannon No, David! Honor
Uri Shulevitz Snow Honor
Peter Sís Tibet Through the Red Box Honor
2000 Simms Taback Joseph Had a Little Overcoat Winner
Trina Schart Hyman A Child's Calendar Honor
David Wiesner Sector 7 Honor
Molly Bang When Sophie Gets Angry-Really, Really Angry Honor
Jerry Pinkney The Ugly Duckling Honor
2001 David Small So You Want to Be President? Winner
Christopher Bing Casey at the Bat Honor
Betsy Lewin Click, Clack, Moo: Cows That Type Honor
Ian Falconer Olivia Honor
2002 David Wiesner The Three Pigs Winner
Brian Selznick The Dinosaurs of Waterhouse Hawkins Honor
Bryan Collier Martin's Big Words: the Life of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Honor
Marc Simont The Stray Dog Honor
2003 Eric Rohmann My Friend Rabbit Winner
Tony DiTerlizzi The Spider and the Fly Honor
Peter McCarty Hondo & Fabian Honor
Jerry Pinkney Noah's Ark Honor
2004 Mordicai Gerstein The Man Who Walked Between the Towers Winner
Margaret Chodos-Irvine Ella Sarah Gets Dressed Honor
Steve Jenkins and Robin Page What Do You Do with a Tail Like This? Honor
Mo Willems Don't Let the Pigeon Drive the Bus! Honor
2005 Kevin Henkes Kitten's First Full Moon Winner
Barbara Lehman The Red Book Honor
E. B. Lewis Coming on Home Soon Honor
Mo Willems Knuffle Bunny: A Cautionary Tale Honor
2006 Chris Raschka The Hello, Goodbye Window Winner
Bryan Collier Rosa Honor
Jon J. Muth Zen Shorts Honor
Marjorie Priceman Hot Air: The (Mostly) True Story of the First Hot-Air Balloon Ride Honor
Beckie Prange Song of the Water Boatman and Other Pond Poems Honor
2007 David Wiesner Flotsam Winner
David McLimans Gone Wild: An Endangered Animal Alphabet Honor
Kadir Nelson Moses: When Harriet Tubman Led Her People to Freedom Honor
2008 Brian Selznick The Invention of Hugo Cabret Winner
Kadir Nelson Henry's Freedom Box: A True Story from the Underground Railroad Honor
Laura Vaccaro Seeger First the Egg Honor
Peter Sís The Wall: Growing Up Behind the Iron Curtain Honor
Mo Willems Knuffle Bunny Too: A Case of Mistaken Identity Honor
2009 Beth Krommes The House in the Night Winner
Marla Frazee A Couple of Boys Have the Best Week Ever Honor
Uri Shulevitz How I Learned Geography Honor
Melissa Sweet A River of Words: The Story of William Carlos Williams Honor
2010 Jerry Pinkney The Lion & the Mouse Winner
Marla Frazee All the World Honor
Pamela Zagarenski Red Sings from Treetops: A Year in Colors Honor
2011 Erin E. Stead A Sick Day for Amos McGee Winner
Bryan Collier Dave the Potter: Artist, Poet, Slave Honor
David Ezra Stein Interrupting Chicken Honor
2012 Chris Raschka A Ball for Daisy Winner
John Rocco Blackout Honor
Lane Smith Grandpa Green Honor
Patrick McDonnell Me... Jane Honor
2013 Jon Klassen This is Not My Hat Winner
Peter Brown Creepy Carrots! Honor
Jon Klassen Extra Yarn Honor
Laura Vaccaro Seeger Green Honor
David Small One Cool Friend Honor
Pamela Zagarenski Sleep Like a Tiger Honor
2014 Brian Floca Locomotive Winner
Aaron Becker Journey Honor
Molly Idle Flora and the Flamingo Honor
David Wiesner Mr. Wuffles! Honor
2015 Dan Santat The Adventures of Beekle: The Unimaginary Friend Winner
Lauren Castillo Nana in the City Honor
Mary GrandPré The Noisy Paint Box: The Colors and Sounds of Kandinsky’s Abstract Art Honor
Jon Klassen Sam and Dave Dig a Hole Honor
Yuyi Morales Viva Frida Honor
Melissa Sweet The Right Word: Roget and His Thesaurus Honor
Jillian Tamaki This One Summer Honor
2016 Sophie Blackall Finding Winnie: The True Story of the World’s Most Famous Bear Winner
Bryan Collier Trombone Shorty Honor
Kevin Henkes Waiting Honor
Ekua Holmes Voice of Freedom: Fannie Lou Hamer, Spirit of the Civil Rights Movement Honor
Christian Robinson Last Stop on Market Street Honor
2017 Javaka Steptoe Radiant Child: The Story of Young Artist Jean-Michel Basquiat Winner
Vera Brosgol Leave Me Alone! Honor
R. Gregory Christie Freedom in Congo Square Honor
Carson Ellis Du Iz Tak? Honor
Brendan Wenzel They All Saw a Cat Honor
2018 Matthew Cordell Wolf in the Snow Winner
Elisha Cooper Big Cat, little cat Honor
Gordon C. James Crown: An Ode to the Fresh Cut Honor
Thi Bui A Different Pond Honor
Jason Chin Grand Canyon Honor
2019 Sophie Blackall Hello Lighthouse Winner
Juana Martinez-Neal Alma and How She Got Her Name Honor
Grace Lin A Big Mooncake for Little Star Honor
Brian Lies The Rough Patch Honor
Oge Mora Thank You, Omu! Honor
2020 Kadir Nelson The Undefeated Winner
LeUyen Pham Bear Came Along Honor
Rudy Gutierrez Double Bass Blues Honor
Daniel Minter Going Down Home with Daddy Honor
2021 Michaela Goade We Are Water Protectors Winner
Noa Denmon A Place Inside of Me Honor
Yuko Shimizu The Cat Man of Aleppo Honor
Cozbi A. Cabrera Me & Mama Honor
Cindy Derby Outside In Honor
2022 Jason Chin Watercress Winner
Shawn Harris Have You Ever Seen a Flower? Honor
Corey R. Tabor Mel Fell Honor
Floyd Cooper Unspeakable: The Tulsa Race Massacre Honor
Micha Archer Wonder Walkers Honor
2023 Doug Salati Hot Dog Winner
Jason Griffin Ain't Burned All the Bright Honor
Michaela Goade Berry Song Honor
Janelle Washington Choosing Brave: How Mamie Till-Mobley and Emmitt Till Sparked the Civil Rights Movement Honor
Christopher Denise Knight Owl Honor
2024 Vashti Harrison Big Winner
Marla Frazee In Every Life Honor
Molly Mendoza Jovita Wore Pants: The Story of a Mexican Freedom Fighter Honor
Jerome Pumphrey and Jarrett Pumphrey There Was a Party for Langston Honor
Hanna Cha The Truth About Dragons Honor

Multiple award winners[edit]

Illustrator David Wiesner in 2011
David Wiesner is one of only two illustrators, along with Marcia Brown, to have won three Caldecott Medals.
Author Jon Klassen in 2013
Jon Klassen is the second Caldecott medal recipient to also have a Caldecott honor book in the same year.[35]
Kadir Nelson's artwork has been acquired by museums including the Smithsonian.[36]
Sophie Blackall is the most recent multiple Caldecott Medal winner.

Listed below are all illustrators who have won at least two Caldecott Medals or who have won a Medal and multiple honors.

Illustrator Nos. of total Medals and Honors Nos. of Caldecott Medals Caldecott Medals Nos. of Caldecott Honors Caldecott Honors
Marcia Brown 9 3 1955, 1962, 1983 6 1948, 1950, 1951, 1952, 1953, 1954
Maurice Sendak 8 1 1964 7 1954, 1959, 1960, 1962, 1963, 1971, 1982
Marie Hall Ets 6 1 1960 5 1945, 1952, 1956, 1957, 1966
Jerry Pinkney 6 1 2010 5 1989, 1990, 1995, 2000, 2003
David Wiesner 6 3 1992, 2002, 2007 3 1989, 2000, 2014
Robert McCloskey 5 2 1942, 1958 3 1949, 1953, 1954
Trina Schart Hyman 4 1 1985 3 1984, 1990, 2000
Blair Lent 4 1 1973 3 1965, 1969, 1971
Evaline Ness 4 1 1967 3 1964, 1965, 1966
Uri Shulevitz 4 1 1969 3 1980, 1999, 2009
Paul O. Zelinsky 4 1 1998 3 1985, 1987, 1995
Stephen Gammell 3 1 1989 2 1982, 1986
Jon Klassen 3 1 2013 2 2013, 2015
Robert Lawson 3 1 1941 2 1938, 1939
Nonny Hogrogian 3 2 1966, 1972 1 1977
Berta and Elmer Hader 3 1 1949 2 1940, 1944
Kevin Henkes 3 1 2005 2 1994, 2016
Arnold Lobel 3 1 1981 2 1971, 1972
David Macaulay 3 1 1991 2 1974, 1978
Gerald McDermott 3 1 1975 2 1973, 1994
Kadir Nelson 3 1 2020 2 2007, 2008
Leo Politi 3 1 1950 2 1947, 1949
Chris Raschka 3 2 2006, 2012 1 1994
Marc Simont 3 1 1957 2 1950, 2002
David Small 3 1 2001 2 1998, 2013
Chris Van Allsburg 3 2 1982, 1986 1 1980
Leonard Weisgard 3 1 1947 2 1946, 1947
Ed Young 3 1 1990 2 1968, 1993
Margot Zemach 3 1 1974 2 1970, 1978
Sophie Blackall 2 2 2016, 2019
Barbara Cooney 2 2 1959, 1980
Leo and Diane Dillon 2 2 1976, 1977

See also[edit]


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    Colburn chaired the 2009 Caldecott committee.
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  11. ^ Spicer, Ed (June 3, 2016). "Let Book Awards Committee Members Blab | Up for Debate". School Library Journal. Archived from the original on January 1, 2019. Retrieved December 31, 2018.
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  16. ^ Clark, Roger; Keller, Pamela J.; Knights, April; Nabar, Jennifer; Ramsbey, Theil B.; Ramsbey, Thomas (2007). "Let Me Draw You a Picture: Alternative and Changing Views of Gender in Award-Winning PIcture books for Children". International Review of Modern Sociology. 33 (1): 69–96. ISSN 0973-2047. JSTOR 41421255.
  17. ^ Clark, Roger (2007). "From Margin to Margin? Females and Minorities in Newbery and Caldecott Medal-Winning and Honor Books for Children". International Journal of Sociology of the Family. 33 (2): 263–283. ISSN 0020-7667. JSTOR 23070734.
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  32. ^ Heintjes, Tom (January 20, 2017). "Reigning Cat and Dog: An Interview with MUTTS Creator Patrick McDonnell". Hogan's Alley. Archived from the original on February 2, 2017. Retrieved July 3, 2020.
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  34. ^ "Caldecott Medal & Honor Books, 1938–Present" Archived April 24, 2019, at the Wayback Machine. Association for Library Service to Children (ALSC). American Library Association. Retrieved July 28, 2020.
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  36. ^ Smith, Ryan P. (May 15, 2018). "Famed for "Immortal" Cells, Henrietta Lacks is Immortalized in Portraiture". Smithsonian Magazine. Archived from the original on June 25, 2020. Retrieved July 3, 2020.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]