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Chiu graduated from National Taiwan University and later received his PhD in Astrophysics from Cornell University. After graduation, he was a member at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey. He served as a Space Astrophysics Scientist for NASA for over 35 years. In 1969, Chiu was the first Chinese-American scientist to receive the NASA Exceptional Scientific Achievement Medal. He was also the first scientist to officially use the term "quasar," in 1964.
After his retirement from NASA, Chiu started the EHanism Group and developed an EHGBooks micropublishing app with some notable Chinese computer scientists in order to promote Chinese culture and Sinology memory. With his niece and assistant Nonny Hsueh, the family helped the National Central Library of Taiwan to participate in the World Digital Library organization under the auspices of UNESCO in 2008. Later on, Chiu led the EHanism Group to develop the first Amazon Micropublishing Chinese Solution in 2012. Chiu is the host of the 2013 Taiwan Reunion Program for NTU Early Graduates in commemoration of the 85th anniversary of National Taiwan University.
His father, Han-Ping Chiu, was a famous economist and lawyer in Shanghai during the Republican Era in China and the financial prime minister of Fukien Province, China. His late brother Hungdah Chiu was a notable scholar of international law.
- 2012: Literature and Science / EHGBooks, USA
- 2012: Bilingual Introduction to Chinese and Western Poetry / EHGBooks, USA
- 2011: The Real China: Meteoric Renaissance – Relations with the West / EHGBooks, USA
- 2011: War among Gods and Men / EHGBooks, USA
- "A Tunable X-ray Interferometer and the Empirical Determination of Phase Diffracted X-rays"
- "Supernovae, Neutrinos, and Neutron Stars"
- "Neutrino Theory of Stellar Collapse in Type II Supernovae"
- "Hong-Yee Chiu (b. 1932)". Smithsonian Institution Archives. Retrieved April 6, 2013.
- ""Two hundred early NTU American alumni plan to return next year to their alma mater to participate in the 85th anniversary celebration to promote the issue of 'memoirs of NTU people' " (Chinese)". National Taiwan University. Archived from the original on November 2, 2014. Retrieved April 6, 2013.
- Chiu, Hong-Yee; Fuller, Robert W. (January 1, 1960). "Neutrino theory of stellar collapse in type 2 supernova" – via Internet Archive.
- Hong-Yee Chiu's "Memoirs Micro-publishing Project" (Chinese)  NTU Campus Journal Report, November 21, 2012.
- "Chiu: China Needs East and West"  World Journal News Report, November 12, 2012.
- "Chiu: Lecture Report"  World Journal News Report, November 18, 2012.
- "Chiu: Lecture Report"  World Journal News Report, November 8, 2012.
- CTITV interview  CTITV, November 8, 2012.
- Chiu interview, "Human Rights Award for Dr. Li-Zhi Fang"  Yuan-Jian Magazine, January 1990.
- NTU Early Graduate official website
- Taiwan Fellowship Publishing App
- Hong-Yee Chiu's publications on Amazon: