Honours of the Principality of Wales

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The Honours of the Principality of Wales are the regalia used at the investiture of Princes of Wales, made up of a coronet, a ring, a rod, a sword, a girdle, and a mantle.[1] All but the coronet date from the investiture of Prince Edward (later Edward VIII then Duke of Windsor) in 1911 when most of the Honours of Wales were redesigned.[1]

The present coronet takes the form laid down in a royal warrant issued by Charles II in 1677, which states, "The son and heir apparent of the Crown shall use and bear his coronet of crosses and fleurs-de-lis with one arch and a ball and cross".[2] Within the frame, which is made of gold, is a velvet cap lined with ermine. The present coronet was made for the investiture of Charles, Prince of Wales in 1969 as the Coronet of George was still in the possession of the Duke of Windsor who was living in exile in France.[1] The defunct coronet and its predecessor the Coronet of Frederick are now a part of the Crown Jewels in the Jewel House at the Tower of London.[3] The original coronets as worn by the Welsh rulers of the Kingdom of Gwynedd and other Welsh principalities have been lost. Llywelyn's coronet was seized by the king of England in 1284 and is known only to history. The fates of the coronets of the rulers of the other princely states, if they ever had them, are not known.

The regalia were on display at the National Museum of Wales from 1974 until 2011 when they were put into storage at St James's Palace, London.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Royal Household. "Honours of the Principality of Wales". British Monarchy website. Archived from the original on 8 March 2013. 
  2. ^ Joseph Edmondson; Robert Glover; Sir Joseph Ayloffe (1780). A Complete Body of Heraldry. T. Spilsbury. p. 197. 
  3. ^ Anna Keay (2011). The Crown Jewels: The Official Illustrated History. Thames & Hudson. p. 190. ISBN 978-0-500-51575-4. 
  4. ^ "Prince of Wales' regalia 'should be displayed in Wales'". BBC News. 28 May 2013. Retrieved 1 July 2016. 

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