Horatio Collins King
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|Horatio Collins King|
December 22, 1837|
|Died||November 15, 1918
Brooklyn, New York
|Place of burial||Green-Wood Cemetery|
|Allegiance||United States of America
|Service/branch||United States Army
New York National Guard
|Years of service||1862 – 1865 (Army), 1876 – 1883 (National Guard)|
|Rank||Brevet Colonel (Army)
Brigadier General (National Guard)
|Battles/wars||American Civil War|
|Awards||Medal of Honor|
|Other work||Judge-Advocate-General, New York
Horatio Collins King (December 22, 1837 – November 15, 1918) was a Union Army soldier who received the Medal of Honor for his actions during the American Civil War. He also served as a U.S. lawyer, politician and author.
Born in Portland, Maine, King graduated at Dickinson College in 1858, studied law, and was admitted to the bar in New York City in 1861. He served in the armies of the Potomac and Shenandoah during the Civil War from August 1862 until May 1865, when he resigned with the rank of brevet colonel. King earned the Medal of Honor for service near Dinwiddie Courthouse, Virginia, on March 31, 1865.
King then practiced law until 1870, when he became connected with the press. He was the author of The Plymouth Silver Wedding (New York, 1873); The Brooklyn Congregational Council (1876); King's Guide to Regimental Courts-Martial (1882); and edited Proceedings of the Army of the Potomac (1879–'87).
In 1883, King was appointed judge-advocate-general of New York.
At a time during which anti-Chinese views were common, King was socially friendly with the Chinese minister in Washington, D.C., and the Chinese consul in New York. In 1893, when the anti-Chinese Geary Act was ruled constitutional, he protested the law saying that "from the prejudice manifested against the Chinese, it seems they have no rights here that Americans are bound to respect."
King was a member of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States and the Sons of the American Revolution.
Medal of Honor citation
Rank and organization: Major and Quartermaster, U.S. Volunteers. Place and date: Near Dinwiddie Courthouse, Va., March 31, 1865. Entered service at: Brooklyn, N.Y. Born: December 22, 1837, Portland, Maine. Date of issue: September 23, 1897.
While serving as a volunteer aide, carried orders to the reserve brigade and participated with it in the charge which repulsed the enemy.
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- Historical Register and Dictionary of the US Army
- "Chinese Must Go: Supreme Court Sustains the Geary Act". Boston Daily Globe. May 16, 1893.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Wilson, James Grant; Fiske, John, eds. (1891). "article name needed". Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. New York: D. Appleton.