Hossein Wahid Khorasani

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Hossein Wahid Khorasani
شیخ حسین وحید خراسانی
TitleGrand Ayatollah
Mohammad-Hossein Molla-Saleh

(1921-01-01) 1 January 1921 (age 103)
ParentEsmail Khorasani (father)
RelativesSadeq Larijani (son-in-law)
Senior posting
Based inQom, Iran
Period in office1972–2024
PostChancellor of Qom Seminary
DenominationTwelver Shia
JurisprudenceJafari, (Usuli)

Grand Ayatollah Sheikh Hossein Wahid Khorasani (Persian: حسین وحید خراسانی; born Mohammad-Hossein Molla-Saleh (Persian: محمدحسین ملاصالح)‎; 1 January 1921) is an Iranian author and Shia marja'.

He is the current head of the Qom Seminary.[1] Khorasani is considered to be the most learned Shia religious authority alive by a number of scholars.[2]

Early life and education[edit]

Khorasani was born in Nishapur, a city 130 km west of Mashhad, to Sheikh Esmail Khorasani, a revered alim and orator.

He began his religious education at an early age in Mashhad, completing his muqadamat and Arabic under Sheikh Shams and al-Muhaqiq al-Mughani in the Ba'in Ya school. He then moved to the Mirza Jafar school and completed his intermediate level studies under Sheikh Husayn Birsi, Mirza Ahmed Kifaei, Abu al-Qasim al-Hakim al-Ilahi and Sheikh Husayn-Ali al-Isfahani. He also attended the classes of Mirza Mehdi al-Isfahani, Sheikh Mahdi al-Ishtiyani and Sheikh Muhammad Nahawndi.[3] He received an ijaza from his teacher Sayyid Muhammad Hujjat Kuh-Kamari.[4]

He moved to Najaf in 1949 and studied in the Yazdi school for ten years. He attended the classes of Sheikh Muhammad-Husayn Naini for a year; Abu al-Hasan al-Isfahani for two years; Sheikh Musa Khonsari for six years; Agha Dhiya al-Din al-Iraqi, Sayyid Jamal al-Din al-Golpayegani, Sheikh Kadhim al-Shirazi, Sayyid Abd al-Hadi al-Shirazi and Sayyid Muhsin al-Hakim.[5] He studied under Sayyid Abu al-Qasim al-Khoei the longest, which was twelve years, becoming one of the distinguished students of al-Khoei.

He returned to Mashhad in 1972, and taught there for just under a year, and then travelled to Qom, to settle there until today.

Fatimah's death[edit]

Khorasani believes the attack of Fatimah's house holds a very high religious significance in the Shi'i creed.[6] He leads a large mourning procession in Qom, on the anniversary of her death–in accordance to the third narration– annually, that sees hundreds of thousands of people participating in it.[7][8]

When the controversial marja' Sayyid Muhammad-Husayn Fadhlallah declared his opinion that the attack of the door was a myth, and deemed most stories as fiction,[9] Khorasani along with Mirza Jawad Tabrizi and Sayyid Muhammad-Sadiq Rohani deemed him a "deviant".[10]

Islamic Republic[edit]

Khorasani's stance on Iran's government has been relatively vague, and he has been considered–if anything–an indirect critic. He has been often quoted in his lectures to challenge the opinion of the supreme leader of Iran.[11]


Khorasani has written many books some of which have been translated into Urdu, Persian, Arabic, English, and other languages.[12]

Some of his works include:

  • Khorasani, Sheikh Husain Waheed; Publication, Yasin (16 December 2014). Islamic Laws. ISBN 9781505606799.
  • Principles of Faith. ISBN 9781546921721.
  • Sharh al-Urwatul Wuthqa (Explanation of The Firmest Bond).
  • Laws of Hajj.
  • Khorasani, Grand Ayatollah Wahid (24 July 2014). On the Occasion of the Great Sorrow, the Martyrdom of Sadiqah Kubra Fatima (Sa). ISBN 9781500634032.
  • Khorasani, Grand Ayatollah Waheed (5 May 2014). The Prophet's Fragrant Flower, Imam Hassan Al-Mujtaba. ISBN 9781499365252.
  • Khorasani, Grand Ayatullah Waheed (3 April 2014). In Memory of the Last Ruler of God. ISBN 9781497549807.
  • Rulings of Medicine.
  • Ahkam-e-Shabab (Laws for Youth).
  • Misbah al-Huda Wa Safinat al-Najat (Light of Guidance and Ark of Salvation). Two Volumes.

Personal life[edit]

Khorasani is married and has two sons, Mohammad-Esmail and Mohsen.[13]

He is the father-in-law of Sadeq Larijani.[14][15]

In 2023, Ali Khamenei the Supreme Leader of Iran offered his condolences to Khorasani upon the death of his wife.[16][17]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Acta orientalia: ediderunt societates orientales Batava, Danica, Norvegica. E.J. Brill. 2007. p. 48.
  2. ^ "al-Qa'ilun Bi A'lamiyat Ayatollah al-Udhma al-Sheikh Wahid al-Khorasani" [Declarations of Khorasani's leading religious authority]. sratali.rigala.net (in Arabic). Retrieved 2020-04-18.
  3. ^ "Zendeginameh Ayat Allah Uzma Shaykh Vahid Khorasani" [Biography of Ayatollah Wahid Khorasani]. www.sibtayn.com (in Persian). Retrieved 2020-04-18.
  4. ^ "Guzari Kutah Bar Zendegi Hazrat Ayat Allah Vahid Khurasani" [Biography of Ayatollah Wahid Khorasani]. Tebyan Foundation (in Persian). January 2018. Retrieved 2020-04-18.
  5. ^ "Samahat Ayatollah al-Udhma al-Sheikh Wahid al-Khorasani (Dam Dhiluh)". www.m-mahdi.info (in Arabic). Retrieved 2020-04-18.
  6. ^ "The greatness of the tragedy of Hazrat Zahra's martyrdom, the position of her progeny, and their responsibility on the day of her martyrdom. | The Official Website for The G.A. Wahid Khorasani". wahidkhorasani.com. Retrieved 2020-04-18.
  7. ^ Exclusive, ABNA (2017-03-03). "Photos: Ayatollah Wahid Khorasani in procession of Sayyida Fatima's martyrdom anniv". abna.co. Retrieved 2020-04-18.
  8. ^ Modarresi, Sayed M. (2020-01-29). "Today, massive procession in the holy city of Qom, led by Grand Ayatollah Waheed Khorasani, mourning the murder of the Prophet's daughter Fatima by the Saqifa coup leaders. Ayat. Waheed is now 99 years old and is considered to be of the most senior Shi'a scholars alive.pic.twitter.com/xQrDOHVEIP". @SayedModarresi. Retrieved 2020-04-18.
  9. ^ Walbridge, Linda S. (2001-08-30). The Most Learned of the Shi'a: The Institution of the Marja' Taqlid. Oxford University Press. pp. 211–12. ISBN 978-0-19-534393-9.
  10. ^ Mohammadi, Majid (2018-08-05). The Longevity of Clerical Business As Usual: A Socio-political History of Iranian Twelver Shi'i Clergy. Dan & Mo Publishers. p. 459.
  11. ^ Bozorgmehr, Najmeh (29 December 2010). "Leading cleric defies Tehran on confessions". Financial Times. Retrieved 2020-04-18.
  12. ^ "Kitabkhaneh" [Library]. wahidkhorasani.com (in Persian). Retrieved 2020-04-18.
  13. ^ "Ayatollah Vahid Khorasani's son visits Supreme Leader in hospital". The Iran Project. 11 September 2014. Retrieved 16 April 2016.
  14. ^ Robin B. Wright (2010). The Iran Primer: Power, Politics, and U.S. Policy. US Institute of Peace Press. p. 223. ISBN 978-1-60127-084-9.
  15. ^ The Echo of Iran. Tehran. 2008. p. 23.
  16. ^ Khamenei, Ali (2023-12-11) Message of condolence to Ayatollah Hossein Wahid Khorasani Retrieved 2024-03-08
  17. ^ Islamic Republic News Agency, (2023-12-11) Tehran, Iran Supreme Leader issues condolences to Grand Ayatollah Vahid Khorasani Retrieved 2024-03-08

External links[edit]