House of FitzJames

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House of FitzJames
Blason Jacques Fitz-James (1670–1734).svg
Arms of the House of FitzJames
CountryKingdom of England, Kingdom of France, Kingdom of Spain
Founded1670
FounderJames FitzJames, 1st Duke of Berwick
Current headJacobo Hernando FitzJames-Stuart y Gomez, 12th Duke of Berwick
Titles

The House of FitzJames (or the House of FitzJames-Stuart) is a noble house of Scottish origin founded by James FitzJames, 1st Duke of Berwick. He was the illegitimate son of James II & VII, King of England, Scotland and Ireland, a monarch from the House of Stuart.[1] After the Revolution of 1688, the Duke of Berwick followed his father into exile and much of the family's history since then has been in Spain and France, with several members of the house serving in a military capacity.

Branches[edit]

The house has two main branches. The senior line, carrying the title of Duke of Berwick and residing in Spain, is the result of the 1st Duke's marriage to Honora Burke, Countess of Lucan. This line has collected many titles throughout its history, including a few grandeeships of Spain, with some activity as ambassadors and military generals.

The junior line was associated with France and derived from the 1st Duke's second marriage to an Englishwoman, Anne Bulkeley.and continues with the 11th Duke of Fitz-James[2]. Perhaps the best known member of the French line was Édouard de Fitz-James, 6th Duke of Fitz-James (1776–1838), an ultraroyalist who escaped to Italy after the French Revolution and returned to France around the time of the Bourbon Restoration, after which he became a prominent politician.

Sources[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Ruvigny, The Nobilities of Europe, 303.
  2. ^ Liste des ducs de Fitz-James https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liste_des_ducs_de_Fitz-James

References[edit]

  • Ruvigny, Melville H. (2000). The Nobilities of Europe. Adamant Media Corporation. ISBN 1-4021-8561-8.