Duke of Alba
This article needs additional citations for verification. (December 2014) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
|Dukedom of Alba de Tormes|
|Peerage||Peerage of Spain|
|First holder||García Álvarez de Toledo|
|Present holder||Carlos Fitz-James Stuart y Martínez de Irujo|
|Former seat(s)||Palace of the Dukes of Alba (Ávila)|
Duke of Alba de Tormes (Spanish: Duque de Alba de Tormes), commonly known as Duke of Alba, is a title of Spanish nobility that is accompanied by the dignity of Grandee of Spain. In 1472, the title of Count of Alba de Tormes, inherited by García Álvarez de Toledo, was elevated to the title of Duke of Alba de Tormes by King Henry IV of Castile.
The dukedom of Alba de Tormes is one of the most significant noble titles of Spain and gives its name to the House of Alba. Over the centuries, three distinct families have succeeded to the title: the House of Álvarez de Toledo (extinct in 1755), the House of Silva (extinct in 1802), and the House of FitzJames, which descends from an illegitimate son of King James II of England.
Famous dukes include Don Fernando Alvarez de Toledo, 3rd Duke of Alba, governor of the Spanish Netherlands (references to "Alba" (Alva in Dutch), particularly in the context of Dutch history, are usually about him), and Doña María del Pilar de Silva, 13th Duchess of Alba, a muse of the painter Francisco Goya.
Various dukes have married into the families of Christopher Columbus and Cosimo de Medici, as well as the line of the Dukes of Berwick, making them distant relatives of the Earls Spencer and the Dukes of Marlborough.
Today, the Dukes of Alba retain a large and valuable collection of art and historic documents. The largest part of this treasure is kept at the main residence of the family in Madrid, the Liria Palace.
Lords of Alba de Tormes (1429–1439)
- Don Gutierre Álvarez de Toledo (also Bishop of Palencia, Archbishop of Seville, then Archbishop of Toledo)
- Don Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, nephew of Gutierre Álvarez de Toledo (created Count of Alba de Tormes in 1439)
Counts of Alba de Tormes (1439–1472)
- Don Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, 1st Count of Alba
- Don García Álvarez de Toledo, 2nd Count of Alba (created Duke of Alba de Tormes in 1472)
Dukes of Alba de Tormes (1472–present)
- Don García Álvarez de Toledo, 1st Duke of Alba
- Don Fadrique Álvarez de Toledo, 2nd Duke of Alba
- Don Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, 3rd Duke of Alba known in The Netherlands as the Iron Duke for his harsh action in the Eighty Years' War
- Don Fadrique Álvarez de Toledo, 4th Duke of Alba
- Don Antonio Álvarez de Toledo, 5th Duke of Alba
- Don Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, 6th Duke of Alba
- Don Antonio Álvarez de Toledo, 7th Duke of Alba
- Don Antonio Álvarez de Toledo, 8th Duke of Alba
- Don Antonio Álvarez de Toledo, 9th Duke of Alba
- Don Francisco Álvarez de Toledo, 10th Duke of Alba
- Doña María Teresa Álvarez de Toledo, 11th Duchess of Alba
- Don Fernando de Silva, 12th Duke of Alba
- Doña María Cayetana de Silva, 13th Duchess of Alba
- Don Carlos Miguel Fitz-James Stuart, 14th Duke of Alba (see also Duke of Berwick)
- Don Jacobo Fitz-James Stuart, 15th Duke of Alba
- Don Carlos María Fitz-James Stuart, 16th Duke of Alba
- Don Jacobo Fitz-James Stuart, 17th Duke of Alba
- Doña María del Rosario Cayetana Fitz-James Stuart y Silva, 18th Duchess of Alba
- Don Carlos Fitz-James Stuart, 19th Duke of Alba
- Hobbs, Nicolas (2007). "Grandes de España" (in Spanish). Retrieved 15 October 2008.
- Instituto de Salazar y Castro (2012). Elenco de Grandezas y Títulos Nobiliarios Españoles (in Spanish). periodic publication. Hidalguia Ediciones. ISBN 9788493931339. Retrieved 11 January 2013.