La Trémoille family
The La Trémoille family is an old french noble family from Poitou whose name comes from the village La Trimouille in the department of Vienne. The La Tremoille family ended in 1933, with the death of his last male Louis Jean Marie de La Trémoille (1910-1933), died at 23 years old a fire, without alliance or children. In 1934, the Belgian family of princes of Ligne that came by female line from the family La Tremoille added La Trémoille to its name.
This family has been known since the middle of the 11th century, and since the 14th century its members have been conspicuous in French history. .
the family was divided into several branches among others
- Viscounts and dukes of Thouars
- dukes of La Trémoille
- princes of Talmont
- princes of Tarente
- dukes of Châtellerault
- dukes of Noirmoutier
- marquis of Royan
- Comte of Joigny
Louis Jean Marie de La Trémoille (8 February 1910 – 9 December 1933), prince and 12th duc de La Trémoille, 13th duc de Thouars, 13th prince de Tarente and 17th prince de Talmond, was the only son and heir of Louis Charles de La Trémoïlle, 12th duc de Thouars and 12th Prince of Taranto and the last male of the La Trémoille family.
He was killed in a fire at the estate of Leander J. McCormick in Whitchurch, Hampshire, England, at the age of 23. Some[who?] noted at the time that his mysterious death by fire in England evoked the martyrdom at English hands of Joan of Arc five centuries earlier, who had been betrayed by the young duke's ancestor, Georges de la Trémoille, founder of the fortune of the House of La Trémoïlle. He died unmarried and left no known descendants.
Although the 1944 Almanach de Gotha states that his successor as 14th duchesse de Thouars was the eldest of his four sisters, Princess Charlotte (1892-1971), the Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels of 1991 refrains from doing so, a 1959 ruling of the French courts having found that hereditary titles may only be transmitted "male-to-male" in "modern law". (The original grant of the dukedom, in July 1563 by Charles IX, stipulated that it was heritable by both male and female successors, although when erected into a pairie by King Henri le Grand in 1599, the letters patent restricted succession to the peerage -- but not the dukedom -- to male heirs, restrictions which are inapplicable to the title of pretence, Prince of Taranto, traditionally borne by the representative heir to the historical throne of Naples, which was heritable in the female line).
Jean Charles Lamoral, the only son of the 13th duke's eldest sister, had de La Trémoïlle appended to his own princely surname in the Kingdom of Belgium as "Prince de Ligne de La Trémoïlle" on 20 December 1934, and his only son, Jean Charles, bears the same title and name.
Claim to the crown of Naples in the 17th century
In the 17th century The La Tremoille family raised claims to the Kingdom of Naples. Henry de la Tremoille, by representation of Anne de Laval, his great-grandmother, wife of François de la Trémoïlle was, in fact, sole heir to Frederick of Aragon, king of Naples. In 1643 he asserted his rights to this crown, and later his descendants reproduced this claim at various congresses; but it was in vain. Louis XIII, however, allowed the duke de la Tremoille to take the title of prince of Tarentes, and, by a patent issued about 1629, granted him and his family the rank and prerogatives of princes étrangers at the French court. In 1648, Louis XIV allowed him to send a representative to support his rights at the congress of Munster, where the Treaty of Westphalia was concluded..
The La Tremoille family tried to have their rights recognized at the congresses of Munster, Nijmegen and Ryswyk, but without success..
On November 6, 1748 the La Trémoille family made a last protest concerning his rights over the kingdom of Naples which had yielded by the Treaty of Vienna of 1738 to the King of Sicily.
- Louis I de La Trémoille
- Louis II de La Trémoille, son, called the chevalier sans reproche, defeated and captured Francis II, Duke of Brittany at the Battle of Saint-Aubin-du-Cormier (1488), distinguished himself in the Italian Wars, and was killed at the Battle of Pavia (1525).
- Charles I de La Trémoille, son, died in his father's lifetime and under his command at the Battle of Marignano (1515).
- François II de La Trémoille, son, acquired a claim on the Kingdom of Naples by his marriage with Anne de Laval, daughter of Charlotte of Aragon
- Louis III de La Trémoille, son, became duke of Thouars in 1563, and his son
- Claude de La Trémoille, son, turned Protestant, was created a peer of France in 1595, and married a daughter of William the Silent in 1598.
- Henri de La Trémoille, son of Claude, 3rd duke of Thouars (died 1674)
- Henri Charles de La Trémoille, son of Henry (died 1672)
- Charles Belgique Hollande de La Trémoille, son of Henry, 4th duke of Thouars (died 1709)
- Charles Louis Bretagne de La Trémoille, son of Charles-Belgique, 5th duke of Thouars (died 1719)
- Charles Armand René de La Trémoille, son of Charles-Louis, 6th duke of Thouars (died 1741)
- Jean Bretagne Charles de La Trémoille, son of Charles-Armand, 7th duke of Thouars (died 1792)
- Charles Bretagne Marie de La Trémoille, son of Jean-Bretagne, 8th duke of Thouars (died 1839)
- Louis Charles de La Trémoille, son of Charles-Bretagne, 9th duke of Thouars (died 1911)
- Louis Charles Marie de La Trémoille, son of Louis-Charles, 10th duke of Thouars (died 1921)
- Louis Jean Marie de La Trémoille, son of Louis-Charles-Marie, 11th duke of Thouars (died without issue 1933)
Notable family members
- Guy de la Trémoille, standard-bearer of France, was taken prisoner at the Battle of Nicopolis (1396), and
- Georges de la Trémoille (c. 1382 - 6 May 1446) was count de Guînes, the favorite of King Charles VII of France, took part in the Praguerie and was captured at Battle of Azincourt (1415).
- Jean de la Trémoille (1377-1449)
- Marie Anne de La Trémoille, princesse des Ursins (1642–1722)
- Père Anselme (1967) . "Des Pairs de France - Thouars: Généalogie de la Maison de La Tremoille". Histoire Genealogique et Chronologique de la Maison Royale de France, des Pairs, Grands Officiers de la Couronne (in French). Paris: Compagnie des Libraires. pp. 169, 174, 176.
- Almanach de Gotha, La Trémoïlle. Justus Perthes, 1944, p.463. French.
- "Duke Last of Direct Male Line". New York Times. 1933-12-10.
- Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels, Furstlicher Hauser Bande XIV, C.A. Starke Verlag, Ligne, Limburg, 1991, pp. 498-499. German.
- Heraldica.org, Francois Velde, Nobility and Titles in France, 18 June 2008, retrieved 31 July 2011
- Pere Anselme, Histoire de la Maison Royale de France et des Grands Officiers de la Couronne, Editions du Palais Royal, Paris, 1967. Chapitre V: Thouars Duché-Pairie, p. 145. French.
- Mémoires de la société des antiquaires de l’Ouest, 1867, page 40.
- Spanheim, Ézéchiel (1973). Émile Bourgeois, ed. Relation de la Cour de France. le Temps retrouvé (in French). Paris: Mercure de France. pp. 121, 344–345.
- Mémoires de la société des antiquaires de l’Ouest, 1867, page 40.
- Marie-Nicolas Bouillet, Dictionnaire universel d'histoire et de géographie, Hachette, 1858, page 1009.
- Louis duc de La Trémoille Les La Trémoille pendant cinq siècles, Éditeur E. Grimaud, 1896, pages 88-91 « Dernière protestation de la maison de La Trémoille, relative à ses droits sur le royaume de Naples »