Hsu Shih-hsien

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Hsu Shih-hsien
許世賢
嘉義市中正公園許世賢銅像.jpg
Mayor of Chiayi City
In office
1 March 1968 – 31 October 1972
Preceded byFang Huei-lung
Succeeded byLien Min (acting)
Ruan Chih-tsung
In office
1 March 1982 – 30 June 1983
Preceded byRuan Chih-tsung
Succeeded byChiang Ching-lin (acting)
Chang Po-ya
Member of the Legislative Yuan
In office
1 February 1973 – 31 January 1981
Personal details
Born(1908-04-01)1 April 1908
Tainan-cho, Japanese Taiwan (modern-day Tainan, Taiwan)
Died30 June 1983(1983-06-30) (aged 75)
NationalityTaiwanese
RelationsChang Po-ya (daughter)
Alma materTokyo Women's Medical College (now Tokyo Women's Medical University)
Kyushu Imperial University
OccupationPolitician and academic

Hsu Shih-hsien (Chinese: 許世賢; pinyin: Xǔ Shìxián; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Khó͘ Sè-hiân; 1 April 1908 – 30 June 1983) was a Taiwanese academic and politician.

Born in 1908 in Japanese Taiwan, Hsu opposed colonialism at an early age. As a student, she refused to acknowledge Hirohito's birthday and defended others who spoke Hokkien.[1] Hsu later became the first Taiwanese women to earn a doctorate.[2] She was also the first female high school principal and city council member in Taiwan.[1] In 1940, Hsu and her husband established a hospital in Chiayi City.[1]

Hsu joined the Kuomintang after their arrival in Taiwan in 1945, and was later elected to the Taiwan Provincial Assembly. She attempted to withdraw from the party three times, after disagreeing with the suspension of county commissioner Lee Mao-sung before courts had ruled on charges of corruption against him. She was reelected to the Taiwan Provincial Assembly as an independent in April 1957. Hsu was formally expelled from the Kuomintang in 1958, because she had joined the Chinese Local Autonomy Research Society. As an assembly member, Hsu became known for asking rigorous questions of the ruling party, and was one of six Taiwan-born provincial legislators, referred to as Five Dragons, One Phoenix [zh]. In 1960, she worked with Lei Chen to establish the China Democracy Party. It was shut down shortly thereafter, and Lei was arrested. Hsu joined the tangwai movement soon afterwards, coordinating a campaign team for independent candidates from January 1961. She was elected mayor of Chiayi City in 1968, and was the first women to be elected mayor in Taiwan. Hsu left the provincial legislature after four terms to assume the mayoralty. By the end of Hsu's mayoral term in 1972, the Kuomintang had instituted an age limit of 60 for local offices, making it illegal for her to run for a second term. Instead, Hsu campaigned for a seat on the Legislative Yuan, leading the December 1972 elections with the highest vote total. She stepped down in 1981, choosing to launch a second mayoral campaign in Chiayi because the age limit had been lifted. Hsu died in office in 1983.[1]

Two of her daughters, Chang Po-ya and Chang Wen-ying, later served as Mayor of Chiayi.[1]

A museum dedicated to Hsu opened in 2014.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Han Cheung (24 June 2018). "Taiwan in Time: A phoenix among dragons". Taipei Times. Retrieved 24 June 2018.
  2. ^ Shih, Hsiu-chuan (28 November 2005). "Chiayi City could be ready". Taipei Times. p. 3. Retrieved 24 June 2018.
  3. ^ Yu, Hsueh-lan; Chung, Jake (6 January 2014). "Museum honoring former Chiayi mayor opens doors". Taipei Times. Retrieved 23 April 2017.