Hum, Croatia

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View of Hum
View of Hum
Hum is located in Croatia
Location of Hum within Croatia
Coordinates: 45°20′53″N 14°3′0″E / 45.34806°N 14.05000°E / 45.34806; 14.05000
Country  Croatia
County Zastava Istarske županije.svg Istria
Elevation 349 m (1,145 ft)
 • Total 21
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)

Hum (Italian: Colmo; German: Cholm) is a town in the central part of Istria, northwest Croatia, 7 km from Roč. The elevation is 349 m. It has a population of 21 as per the 2011 census,[1] but is officially a town.[2]


Hum is officially listed as the smallest town in the world. On its western side, the town is enclosed by walls and on the remaining sides houses are built into the defensive walls. It was first mentioned in documents dating from 1102, at which time it was called Cholm which is derived from the Italian name Colmo. A bell and watch tower was built in 1552 as part of the town's defenses beside the town loggia.[3]

The town's parish church of St. Jerome (Sveti Jeronim) with its classical facade was built in 1802 on the side of an earlier church which was built by the local master Juraj Gržinič.[citation needed]

The "Hum Glagolitic wall writings" are preserved in the church, written in the formative period of Glagolitic (the second half of the 12th century) and they are one of the oldest examples of Croatian Glagolitic literary culture in the Middle Ages. The town's museum displays a few Glagolitic writings.[3]

Hum, istriago

Hum is also known as town of Biska. Biska is traditional Istrian grappa ( brandy), which was used as medicine and it is made by more than 2.000 years old recipe.


  1. ^ "SAS Output". Retrieved 6 May 2009. 
  2. ^ Frommer's Eastern Europe, pg. 179, Frommers (2009); ISBN 0-470-39908-2
  3. ^ a b Naklada Naprijed, The Croatian Adriatic Tourist Guide, pg. 27, Zagreb (1999); ISBN 953-178-097-8
  • Media related to Hum at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 45°20′55″N 14°03′00″E / 45.34861°N 14.05000°E / 45.34861; 14.05000