Hum, Istria County

Coordinates: 45°20′55″N 14°03′00″E / 45.34861°N 14.05000°E / 45.34861; 14.05000
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View of Hum
View of Hum
Official seal of Hum
Hum is located in Croatia
Coordinates: 45°20′53″N 14°3′0″E / 45.34806°N 14.05000°E / 45.34806; 14.05000
Country Croatia
County Istria
Municipality Buzet
 • Total5.0 sq mi (13.0 km2)
1,145 ft (349 m)
 • Total52
 • Density10/sq mi (4.0/km2)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
52420 Buzet
Area code052

Hum (Italian: Colmo; German: Cholm) is a settlement, administratively located in the town of Buzet, in the central part of Istria, Croatia. The elevation is 349 m. Due to its size, Hum is considered by some to be one of the smallest towns in the world.[3][citation needed]


On its western side, the town is enclosed by walls and on the remaining sides houses are built into the defensive walls. It was first mentioned in documents dating from 1102, at which time it was called Cholm which is derived from the Italian name Colmo. A bell and watch tower was built in 1552 as part of the town's defenses beside the town loggia.[4]

The town's parish church of the Assumption of Mary, with its classical facade was built in 1802 on the site of an earlier church which was built by the local master Juraj Gržinić.[5]

The "Hum Glagolitic wall writings" are preserved in the church, written in the formative period of Glagolitic (the second half of the 12th century) and they are one of the oldest examples of Croatian Glagolitic literary culture in the Middle Ages. The town's museum displays a few Glagolitic writings.[4]


According to the 2021 census, its population was 52.[2] It had a population of 30 people per the 2011 census.


  1. ^ Register of spatial units of the State Geodetic Administration of the Republic of Croatia. Wikidata Q119585703.
  2. ^ a b "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2021 Census". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in 2021. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. 2022.
  3. ^ "MyBestPlace - Hum, The world's smallest town". Retrieved 2024-02-03.
  4. ^ a b Naklada Naprijed, The Croatian Adriatic Tourist Guide, pg. 27, Zagreb (1999); ISBN 953-178-097-8
  5. ^ "Colmo". Istrapedia (in Italian). Retrieved 18 December 2016.
  • Media related to Hum at Wikimedia Commons

45°20′55″N 14°03′00″E / 45.34861°N 14.05000°E / 45.34861; 14.05000