Hundred of Yatala
|Established||29 October 1846|
The Hundred of Yatala is a cadastral unit of hundred in South Australia covering much of the Adelaide metropolitan area north of the River Torrens. It is one of the eleven hundreds of the County of Adelaide stretching from the Torrens in the south to the Little Para River in the north; and spanning from the coast in the west to the Adelaide foothills in the east. It is roughly bisected from east to west by Dry Creek. It was named in 1846 by Governor Frederick Robe, Yatala being likely derived from 'yartala', an indigenous word referring to the flooded state of the plain either side of Dry Creek after heavy rain.
Contemporary Australian linguists believe the name 'Yatala' is derived from 'yartala', a Kaurna word which likely means "water running by the side of a river" or "inundation" or "cascade" or similar. South Australian historian Geoff Manning has implied that this refers to the swampy morass that occurred when heavy rain inundated the usually-dry plain either side of Dry Creek. The descriptive term 'yartala' is thought to have been "co-opted by the colonists [as 'Yatala'] in their endeavours to name [various] things including a government schooner," the Yatala, in 1865.
According to Rob Amery (2009), 'Yatala' had been used as a place name by white settlers of the Adelaide Plains since 1836, referring initially to the River Torrens (indigenously called Yertala while in flood) and later to the land north of the Torrens, stretching from the coast at Port Adelaide to the foothills at Tea Tree Gully. Yatala was thus a natural choice for the land administration division in 1846.
The Adelaide City council was established in 1842, bringing local government to North Adelaide and the north parklands on the south edge of the hundred. The District Council of Hindmarsh was established in June 1853 and encompassed all the land south west of modern Torrens Road and south of the future portside councils of Queenstown and Alberton and Glanville. The District Council of Yatala was established days later and occupied a large central portion of the hundred as well as eastern parts of the Hundred of Port Adelaide. It approximately extended from modern Torrens Road and the North Arm of Barker Inlet in the west to the west border of the modern Tea Tree Gully council in the east. Shortly thereafter, in July of the same year, the District Council of Highercombe was established in the east of the hundred, bringing the whole hundred under local governance.
As various parts of the original District Council of Yatala were separated — parts north of Dry Creek for Salisbury council and parts in the south for Walkerville and Prospect councils — the original name of 'Yatala' was obscured and finally lost (to local government) when the last remaining namesake, Yatala South council was renamed in 1935 to Enfield.
The following local government areas of South Australia are situated inside (or largely inside) the bounds of the hundred as of 2017[update]:
- City of Salisbury (except portion north of the Little Para River)
- City of Tea Tree Gully
- City of Port Adelaide Enfield (portion south of Grand Junction Road and east of Port Wakefield Road, approximating the former City of Enfield)
- City of Charles Sturt (except portion south of Henley Beach Road)
- City of Prospect
- City of Adelaide (portion north of the River Torrens)
- Town of Walkerville
Parts of the Adelaide Hills Council area (Paracombe, Houghton, Upper Hermitage and Lower Hermitage, west of Millbrook and Inglewood) and the City of Playford (Sampson Flat west of Shillabeer Road) also overlap the far eastern portion of the hundred.
- "Hundred of Yatala". Property Location Browser. Government of South Australia. SA0030790. Retrieved 15 February 2016.
- "South Australia hundred maps (Yatala)". Surveyor General's Office. 1957. Retrieved 15 April 2016.[permanent dead link]
- South Australia hundred maps 1:63 360. Surveyor General's Office. 1867.
- Geoff, Manning (1990). "Manning's Place Names of South Australia". Manning Index of South Australian History. State Library of South Australia. Retrieved 28 February 2007.
A Kaurna tribal word meaning 'water running by the side of a river'. In winter, when water flowed from the hills, over the plains, the Dry Creek area became a morass.
- Amery, Rob (March 2009), "Chapter 12. Weeding Out Spurious Etymologies: Toponyms On The Adelaide Plains" (PDF), in Hercus, Luise; Hodges, Flavia; Simpson, Jane (eds.), The Land is a Map: Placenames of Indigenous Origin in Australia, ANU Press, p. 165-180, ISBN 978-1-921536-57-1,
Yatala most likely derives from yertalla 'water running by the side of a river; inundation; cascade'. As Manning (1986:238) observes 'in winter when water flowed from the hills, over the plains, the Dry Creek area became a morass'.
- Amery, Rob; Buckskin, Vincent (Jack) Kanya (March 2009), "Chapter 10. Pinning down Kaurna names: Linguistic issues arising in the development of the Kaurna Placenames Database" (PDF), in Hercus, Luise; Hodges, Flavia; Simpson, Jane (eds.), The Land is a Map: Placenames of Indigenous Origin in Australia, ANU Press, p. 202-203, ISBN 978-1-921536-57-1
- The Official civic record of South Australia : centenary year, 1936. Adelaide: Universal Publicity Company. 1936. p. 32.
According to Mr. [Rodney] Cockburn "Yatala" was the name applied by the Weera tribe of aborigines to the country north of the Torrens to the Little Para.
- Marsden, Susan (2012). "A History of South Australian Councils to 1936" (PDF). Local Government Association of South Australia. Retrieved 23 February 2016.