Temporal range: Miocene
Hyainailurus is an extinct genus of hyaenodont mammal of the family Hyainailouridae that lived during the Miocene, of which there were at least three species spread across Europe, Africa, and Asia. Closely related to other large African creodonts such as Simbakubwa and Megistotherium, Hyainailurus walked with a semi-digitigrade stance and was probably capable of large, leaping bounds.
Alongside its African relatives and the last members of the genus Hyaenodon from Asia, Hyainailurus was among the largest creodonts that existed.
- F. Solé, J. Lhuillier, M. Adaci, M. Bensalah, M. Mahboubi and R. Tabuce. 2014. The hyaenodontidans from the Gour Lazib area (?Early Eocene, Algeria): implications concerning the systematics and the origin of the Hyainailourinae and Teratodontinae. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology 12(3):303-322
- Morlo, M.; Miller, E. R.; El-Barkooky, A. N. (2007). "Creodonta and Carnivora from Wadi Moghra, Egypt". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 27: 145. doi:10.1671/0272-4634(2007)27[145:CACFWM]2.0.CO;2.
- Borths, M. R.; Stevens, N. J. (2019). "Simbakubwa kutokaafrika, gen. et sp. nov. (Hyainailourinae, Hyaenodonta, 'Creodonta,' Mammalia), a gigantic carnivore from the earliest Miocene of Kenya". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology: e1570222. doi:10.1080/02724634.2019.1570222.
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