From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from ICTV (TV))
Jump to: navigation, search

CloudTV is a software platform that virtualizes CPE or STB functionality, enabling pay-TV operators and other video service providers to bring advanced user interfaces, online video experiences such as YouTube, and interactive web-style advertising to existing and next-generation cable television and IPTV set-top boxes and connected consumer electronics devices.[1]

A product of ActiveVideo, a Silicon Valley software company, CloudTV is available on more than 15 million devices.[2] Announced customers include Charter Communications, Cablevision Systems and Time Warner Oceanic in the United States; Liberty Global and Deutsche Telekom’s T-Labs in Europe; and PCCW in Asia.[3] CloudTV-powered services also are available on Philips NetTVs [4] and on Roku players.[5]


ActiveVideo was the product of a 2006 merger between ICTV and Switched Media, a developer of technologies for the customization of video streams.[6] The company was named ActiveVideo in 2008.[7] ActiveVideo acquired the European company Avinity Systems, B.V., in 2009.[8]

In 2011, ActiveVideo announced its first consumer electronics partner, Funai Electric, manufacturer of Philips NetTVs.[9] ActiveVideo also has announced a partnership with Sumitomo Corporation that is intended to drive distribution of CloudTV in Japan and the Asia-Pacific market.[10] Sumitomo is a 50% owner of J:COM, the largest cable system operator in Japan.[11]

ActiveVideo was acquired by ARRIS Group, Inc. and Charter Communications in 2015 and operates independently as a joint venture of the two parent companies.[12]


By virtualizing STB functionality, CloudTV enables Web-like guides and full online video experiences, as well as interactive TV advertising, on existing and next-generation devices, including QAM STBs and “newer IP-capable devices, such as Charter’s new Worldbox,” Internet-connected TVs, gaming consoles and specialized streaming boxes.[13]

Multichannel News notes that “instead of requiring operators to write a different version of the UI for each device, operating system and rendering engine, ActiveVideo’s approach looks to avoid that operational nightmare by requiring that it only be written once, in HTML5, and managed from the cloud.”[14] ScreenPlays adds that the platform enables delivery of “protected OTT streams as an integral part of channel offerings” without replacing existing customer devices.[15] The analyst firm nScreenMedia cites such advantages as: Compatibility with the widest range of devices; the ability to update an app once and see it reflected on every device; scalability for large and small service providers; and the ability to use the most advanced UI techniques available to ensure high “coolness” factors.[16] ACG Research notes that for cable operators, CloudTV can reduce total cost of ownership by up to 83% when compared to a set-top box replacement program.[17]

Arpad Jordan, CTO of Central and Eastern Europe for Liberty Global, has described CloudTV’s virtualization of STB functionality as a technology “that can always extend the capabilities of any kind of set-top box.”[18] The technology was cited as a key enabler of Charter’s 2015 agreement to acquire Time Warner Cable, with Moffett Nathanson analyst Craig Moffett saying “this deal may not have been possible, at least at this price, without ActiveVideo’s technology.”[19]


ActiveVideo’s core CloudTV platform includes three products, each of which brings next-generation user experiences to existing or new STBs or connected devices. These include CloudTV GuideCast for navigation interfaces; CloudTV StreamCast to support delivery of online video experiences; and CloudTV AdCast for interactive television advertising.[20] Flexible business models include the option for hosted Software as a Service (SaaS) or enterprise licensing models, as well as the ability to pay for services on a per-subscriber basis or on a per campaign basis.[21] On high-density servers based on Intel Quick Sync Video, virtual STB data center capex can be as low as $1 per subscriber.[22]

Cloud-Based UIs[edit]

The earliest implementations of virtualized STB functionality included Cablevision Systems’ iO TV Quick Views guide, which allows consumers to create up to 20 personalized Uis with up to nine favorite TV channels each,[23] and Olympics UIs that offered simultaneous views of multiple channels of Olympics coverage, plus supplemental Olympic content.[24]

In 2013, Ziggo (now a part of Liberty Global) achieved two pay-TV firsts: delivery of interactive services such as VOD to STBs without built-in hardware,[25] as well as to televisions equipped with CI Plus 1.3 conditional access modules, without the need of a set-top box.[26] The innovation eliminated the need for “extra equipment, extra leads or an extra remote control” and enabled a user experience that would be “exactly the same for all types of peripheral equipment.”[27] In April 2014, Liberty Puerto Rico, a Liberty Global system, announced that it was using CloudTV to power Social Content Navigator, a user interface that uses viewing metrics to rank eight tiles of live video by program popularity.[28] and underscores the value of the channel bundle by encouraging viewers to “go outside their comfort zone.”[29] Videonet noted that Liberty Puerto Rico is running Social Content Navigator on single-tuner set-tops, and observed that such a service ordinarily would require “new STBs with more power and multiple tuners.”[30]

Charter Communications, which in June 2013 had become the first pay-TV provider to commit to deploying a full user interface streamed entirely from the cloud,[31] unveiled its cloud-based Spectrum Guide at the Consumer Electronics Show in January 2015.[32] Videonet noted that because "all set-top boxes on the Charter network" would be able to display the new UI, Charter would be able to avoid choosing between replacing existing devices or limiting the new UI to a "subset of its customer base."[33] Charter CEO Tom Rutledge explained that "the processing power of the box is no longer a relevant issue; the processing power moves to the network. That's a breakthrough. We can take any kind of device and turn it into a sophisticated device."[34] Following the anticipated acquisitions of Bright House Networks and Time Warner Cable, Charter is expected to use the technology across its entire service footprint of 17.3 million subscribers.[35]

Other companies that have announced that they have deployed, or intend to deploy, cloud-based UIs include: Glashart Media, a part of Dutch telecommunications provider KPN, that noted that CloudTV has helped it double subscribers and achieve VOD take rates of three items per subscriber per month.;[36] Telekom Innovation Laboratories (T-Labs), the research and innovation arm of Deutsche Telekom, which has demonstrated how CloudTV allows it to achieve its goal of “virtualizing the set-top box and moving the execution of applications to the cloud.”;[37] and Liberty Global, which has said that it intends to use CloudTV to bring its Horizon multi-screen service to existing set-tops and other video devices.[38]

OTT Streaming[edit]

With the rise of so-called over-the-top (OTT) streaming services, cable system operators have sought to create “friend, not foe”[39] relationships by offering OTT seamlessly as part of the pay-TV service bundle. CloudTV StreamCast enables pay-TV and online video providers to overcome the fragmentation and limitation of device resources, resolving “content experience, content protection and content delivery issues by rendering user interfaces and bridging online and pay-TV DRM and video formats in the cloud.”[40] Light Reading has reported that Charter Communications, for example, could “use their new cloud-based video platform to deliver the OTT service to subscribers.”[41]

In June 2014, GigaOm reported that Liberty Global subsidiary UPC Hungary is “bringing YouTube to every single customer, thanks to clever use of the cloud.” GigaOm noted that UPC is using CloudTV to deliver YouTube to customers’ existing set-top boxes, making the approach “not only cheaper, but also a whole lot faster than transitioning each and every customer to new devices.”[42] The UPC Hungary launch was followed by news that HBO Europe would bring HBO GO to pay-TV STBs using CloudTV StreamCast.[43]

According to Arpad Jordan, CTO of Central and Eastern Europe for Liberty Global, usage of the YouTube service has exceeded expectations.[44] Within three months of availability, more than a million minutes per day of YouTube content were being streamed to UPC Hungary STBs, with average engagement of 45 minutes per session.[45] After nine months, 68% of subscribers had tried the service and 83% had returned for additional views.[46] Multichannel News reported that Liberty Global could use the same CloudTV StreamCast technology to bring YouTube to its entire footprint of existing set-top boxes.[47]


At the Consumer Electronics Show in January 2014, ActiveVideo and BrightLine announced a strategic partnership to bring greater scale to interactive TV advertising.[48] Broadcasting & Cable reported that the two companies were bringing ads authored in HTML5 to upwards of 300 million cable, satellite and IPTV set-top boxes and connected devices. ActiveVideo and BrightLine launched the partnership by delivering interactive brand experiences from American Express and L’Oreal to Roku devices.[49] Light Reading pointed out that in a demonstration at CES, the same L’Oreal ad written in HTML5 provided the same interactive on a Roku box and on a QAM-based cable set-top box.[50]

At The Cable Show in April 2014, Broadcasting & Cable noted that Cablevision was “making notable improvements to its interactive advertising capabilities” with the deployment of the CloudTV AdCast platform. Ben Tatta, president of Cablevision Media Sales, noted that for advertisers, a benefit would be that “any application they have created for web or mobile in HTML5 can be extended to the TV.” American Express became the first advertiser to commit to the platform.[51]


  1. ^ “Measuring virtual set-top box success by service velocity & sub growth”. IP&TV News. October 9, 2014.
  2. ^ “ActiveVideo Gets More Game”. Multichannel News. December 10, 2014.
  3. ^ "ActiveVideo Eyes Scale With Interactive Ad Platform". Multichannel News. January 6, 2014.
  4. ^ "The Cloud UI Could Improve Connected TV Prospects". Videonet. February 7, 201.
  5. ^ “ActiveVideo Reaches Roku”. Light Reading. May 30, 2013.
  6. ^ "ICTV acquires Switched Media". CED Magazine. February 7, 2006.
  7. ^ "ICTV Is Now ActiveVideo Networks". NewTeeVee. May 17, 2008
  8. ^ "ActiveVideo buys Avinity for cloud-based TV" VentureBeat. May 28, 2009.
  9. ^ "ActiveVideo Networks, Funai In Cloud Deal". TWICE. January 18, 2011.
  10. ^ “Sumitomo to distribute CloudTV H5 in Asia-Pacific Region”. Asahi Shimbun. June 7, 2013.
  11. ^ “ActiveVideo unveils enhanced CloudTV, names new customers”. Digital TV Europe. June 6, 2013.
  12. ^ “Arris, Charter Nab ActiveVideo for $135M”. Light Reading. April 14, 2015.
  13. ^ ^“Arris: ActiveVideo’s Tech ‘Has Turned The Corner’”. Multichannel News. April 14, 2015.
  14. ^ “ActiveVideo Gets More Active With Charter, Cablevision and Japan”. Multichannel News. June 6, 2013.
  15. ^ "ActiiveVideo Enables OTT Streaming to All Set-Tops", ScreenPlays. May, 2014
  16. ^ “Television as an App: Taming the Device Fragmentation Problem”. nScreenMedia. June 2013.
  17. ^ "Business Case for ActiveVideo's CloudTV", ACG Research. May 30, 2013.
  18. ^ “UPC Hungary: 80% YouTube STB take-up”. November 19, 2014.
  19. ^ “Why the Cloud is Key to Charter’s Big Deal with Time Warner Cable”. Variety. June 3, 2015.
  20. ^ “ActiveVideo answers ‘What’s next?’ question”. Broadband TV News. August 20, 2014.
  21. ^ “ActiveVideo looks to scale interactive ads in cloud”. CED. January 6, 2014.
  22. ^ “Cutting set top box cost key to pay-TV profitability?”. nScreen Media. September 9, 2014.
  23. ^ "ActiveVideo Powers Cablevision Interactive Apps”. Broadcasting & Cable. May 10, 2010.
  24. ^ "ActiveVideo Enhances Cablevision's Olympics Coverage”. CED Magazine. February 12, 2010.
  25. ^ "Ziggo takes multiscreen into the cloud”. Broadband TV News. March 8, 2013.
  26. ^ "Ziggo Lights Up Set-Top-Free Option”. Multichannel News. November 5, 2013.
  27. ^ "Ziggo launches STB-less CI+ 1.3 interactivity”. Broadband TV News. November 5, 2013.
  28. ^ “Liberty Puerto Rico adds social TV metrics to programme guide”. RapidTV News. April 24, 2014
  29. ^ “Liberty Puerto Rico Socializes the UI”. Multichannel News. April 25, 2014
  30. ^ “Cloud UI upgrade boosts linear content discovery”. Videonet. April 24, 2014
  31. ^ “Charter Turns to ActiveVideo for UI in the Cloud”. CableFax. June 6, 2013.
  32. ^ “Charter Thinks Outside the Worldbox”. Light Reading. January 7, 2015
  33. ^ “Charter Moves Device Intelligence From Edge To The Cloud”. Videonet. January 14, 2015
  34. ^ “ActiveVideo transforms Charter STBs”. Advanced Television. January 7, 2015
  35. ^ "Charter Poised to Go Wide with New UI”. Multichannel News. May 26, 2015.
  36. ^ “Glashart Media Moves to Cloud-Based TV with ActiveVideo”. Digital TV Europe. September 10, 2013
  37. ^ “T-Labs unveils prototype of virtual STB technology”. Videonet. September 5, 2013
  38. ^ “ActiveVideo Storms Europe”. Light Reading. September 12, 2013
  39. ^ “YouTube Scores Big TV Success in Hungary, Further Blurring Pay-TV/OTT Divide”. VideoNuze. September 18, 2014.
  40. ^ HBO Europe marries Go to linear TV”. CED. September 12, 2014.
  41. ^ Charter explores OTT Options”. Light Reading. May 1, 2015.
  42. ^ “YouTube is coming to cable set-top boxes, with a little help from the cloud”. GigaOm. June 18, 2014
  43. ^ “HBO GO Thinks Inside The (Set-Top) Box”. Multichannel News. September 12, 2014.
  44. ^ “UPC Hungary: 80% YouTube STB take-up”. November 19, 2014.
  45. ^ “YouTube viewing on UPC TV Apps explodes”. Broadband TV News. September 18, 2014
  46. ^ “How UPC Hungary Led The World To Deliver YouTube Over Its Broadcast Network”. Videonet. February 25, 2015
  47. ^ “UPC Hungary Brings YouTube To The Set-Top”. Multichannel News. June 18, 2014
  48. ^ “ActiveVideo, BrightLine to Enhance Interactive Ad Campaigns on TV, Cross-Platform”. MediaPost. January 6, 2014
  49. ^ “ActiveVideo, BrightLine Team on Interactive Advertising”. Broadcasting & Cable. January 6, 2014
  50. ^ “ActiveVideo Unveils Ad Distribution System”. Light Reading. January 6, 2014
  51. ^ “Cable Show: Cablevision ups interactive ad platform”. Broadcasting & Cable. April 30, 2014

External links[edit]