Angolar Creole

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Angolar Creole
Native to São Tomé and Príncipe
Native speakers
5,000 (1998)[1]
Portuguese Creole
  • Lower Guinea
    • Angolar Creole
Language codes
ISO 639-3 aoa
Glottolog ango1258[2]
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Angolar Creole, also Ngola (Lungua N'golá), is a minority language of São Tomé and Príncipe, spoken in the southernmost towns of São Tomé Island and sparsely along the coast. It is a creole language, based partially on Portuguese with a heavy substrate of a dialect of Kimbundu (port. Quimbundo), a Bantu language from inland Angola, where a number of enslaved Africans were abducted from to this island.

According to their external history, the following three types of creole have been distinguished:

  1. plantation creoles,
  2. fort creoles,
  3. maroon creoles

(Bickerton 1988)

Angolar is considered a maroon creole.[3]


  1. ^ Angolar Creole at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Angolar". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  3. ^