I Armored Corps (United States)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
I Armored Corps
1st Armored Corps SSI.svg
Shoulder sleeve insignia of the I Armored Corps.
Active 1940–43[1]
Country  United States
Branch  United States Army
Type Corps
Engagements

World War II

Commanders
Notable
commanders
Adna R. Chaffee, Jr.
George S. Patton, Jr.

The I Armored Corps was a corps-sized formation of the United States Army that was active in World War II.

The corps made landfall in Morocco in French North Africa during Operation Torch, the Allied invasion of French North Africa, as the Western Task Force, under the command of Major General George S. Patton, the first all-American force to enter the war against the Germans.

Following the successful defeat of the Axis powers under Generalfeldmarschall Erwin Rommel in North Africa, in May 1943, I Armored Corps was redesignated as the Seventh Army on 10 July 1943 while at sea en route to the Allied invasion of Sicily as the spearhead of Operation Husky.

History[edit]

Subordinate units[edit]

Heraldic items[edit]

Shoulder sleeve insignia[edit]

  • Description: On an equilateral triangle with a green border, one point up, divided into three sections, the upper section yellow, the dexter section blue, and the sinister section red, a gun bendwise in front of a tank track and wheels all black and overall a red lightning flash bend sinisterwise. In the apex the Roman numeral "I" in black.
  • Symbolism:
  1. Yellow, blue, and red are the colors of the branches from which armored units were formed.
  2. The tank tread, gun, and lightning flash are symbolic of mobility, power, and speed.
  3. The corps designation is in Roman numerals.

Distinctive unit insignia[edit]

  • None approved.

Bibliography[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Axlerod, Alan; Phillips, Charles (1998). "PATTON, George Smith". The Macmillan Dictionary of Military Biography. New York, NY, USA: Macmillan Publishers. p. 339. ISBN 0-02-861994-3. 
  2. ^ Fort Knox, KY • History Archived 15 February 2006 at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ Combined Arms Research Library
  4. ^ "Patton and Logistics of the Third Army: Lessons for Today's Joint Logistician". Airpower.maxwell.af.mil. Retrieved 21 May 2011. 
  5. ^ a b Combined Arms Research Library
  6. ^ Biographies : Brigadier General Robert H. Strauss
  7. ^ "General Patton, World War II Desert Training Center, Needles Field Office, Bureau of Land Management California". Blm.gov. 25 March 2011. Retrieved 21 May 2011. 
  8. ^ "Desert Training Center". Members.aol.com. Retrieved 21 May 2011. 
  9. ^ "Patton Timeline". Historyinfilm.com. Retrieved 21 May 2011. 
  10. ^ US Army World War II Corps Commanders
  11. ^ "Articles: Tunisa: WWII Change of Command, 1943". Historical Text Archive. Retrieved 21 May 2011. 
  12. ^ "Hitler's Nemesis: The 9th Infantry Division – WWII G.I. Stories Booklet". Lone Sentry. Retrieved 21 May 2011.