^Donzel, E. J. van (1 January 1994). Islamic Desk Reference. BRILL. p. 147. ISBN90-04-09738-4. Ibn al-Faqih: Persian author of a geography written in Arabic; ixth c. In his only surviving work The Book of the Countries, he describes his native town Hamadan and the countries of Iran, Arabia, Iraq, Syria, Egypt, Rum, Jazira, Central Asia, Nubia and Abyssinia. North Africa, al-Andalus and Sudan are given merely a brief résumé.